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Prof. Dr. Annette Kur

Affiliated Research Fellow

Immaterialgüter- und Wettbewerbsrecht

+49 89 24246-404
+49 89 24246-501
annette.kur(at)ip.mpg.de

Arbeitsbereiche:

Europäisches und internationales Markenrecht; europäisches Geschmacksmusterrecht; internationales Prozessrecht im Bereich des geistigen Eigentums

Wissenschaftlicher Werdegang

Promotion 1981. Seit 1980 wissenschaftliche Referentin am Institut.

Ehrungen und wissenschaftliche Preise

Doctor philosophiae honoris causa der Universität Stockholm

Yong Sook Lin IP professor der Universität Singapur

Adjungerad professor (= Associate Professor) an der Universität Stockholm

Mitglied des "Global Program" der NYU
Berater des American Law Institute beim Project "Intellectual Property - Principles Governing Jurisdiction, Choice of Law and Judgments in Transnational Disputes"

President-elect der Internationalen Vereinigung zur Förderung von Lehre und Forschung auf dem Gebiet des geistigen Eigentums (Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property, ATRIP)

Publikationen

Herausgeberschaften

Markenrecht - Markengesetz, Verordnung über die Unionsmarke (UMV), Kommentar, C.H. Beck, München 2016, XXXVIII + 2392 S. (gemeinsam mit Verena Bomhard, Friedrich Albrecht).

    Markenrecht - MarkenG, GMV, C.H. Beck, München 2016, 2000 S.

      Designrecht - Praxishandbuch, 2. Aufl., Nomos, Baden-Baden 2016, 516 S. (gemeinsam mit Helmut Eichmann).

        Intellectual Property, Unfair Competition and Publicity (European Intellectual Property Institutes Network series), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2014, X + 368 S. (gemeinsam mit Guido Westkamp et al.).

          The Structure of Intellectual Property Law - Can One Size Fit All? (ATRIP intellectual property), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2011, XIII + 361 S. (gemeinsam mit Vytautas Mizaras).

            Intellectual property rights in a fair world trade system - proposals for reform of TRIPS, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2011, XIII + 614 S. (gemeinsam mit Marianne Levin).

              Designrecht - Praxishandbuch, Nomos, Baden-Baden 2009, 517 S. (gemeinsam mit Helmut Eichmann).

                Intellectual Property in the Conflict of Laws (Materialien zum ausländischen und internationalen Privatrecht, 44), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2005, XVI + 269 S. (gemeinsam mit Josef Drexl et al.).

                  „... und sie bewegt sich doch!“ – Patent law on the move. Festschrift für Gert Kolle und Dieter Stauder zum 65. Geburtstag am 25. April 2005 und 20. Oktober 2005, Heymanns, Köln; München [u.a.] 2005, XII + 578 S. (gemeinsam mit Stefan Luginbühl, Eskil Waage).

                    Intellectual Property and Private International Law - Heading for the Future (IIC Studies – Studies in Industrial Property and Copyright Law, 24), Hart, Oxford 2005, XII + 371 S. (gemeinsam mit Josef Drexl).

                      Wettbewerbsrecht und Verbraucherschutz in Mittel- und Osteuropa (Schriftenreihe zum gewerblichen Rechtsschutz, 87), Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, Berlin, Bonn, München 1992, XVII + 332 S. (gemeinsam mit Eva-Marina Bastian, Friedrich-Karl Beier).

                      • Event: 5. Ringberg-Symposium des Max-Planck-Instituts für ausländisches und internationales Patent-, Urheber- und Wettbewerbsrecht, Schloß Ringberg Tegernsee, 1991-03-11

                      Wettbewerbsrecht und Verbraucherschutz in Mittel- und Osteuropa - 5. Ringberg-Symposium des Max-Planck-Instituts für Ausländisches und Internationales Patent-, Urheber- und Wettbewerbsrecht - 11. bis 15. März 1991, Schloss Ringberg, Tegernsee (Schriftenreihe zum gewerblichen Rechtsschutz, 87), Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln; Berlin; Bonn; München 1992, XXI + 332 S. (gemeinsam mit Eva-Maria Bastian, Friedrich-Karl Beier).

                        Monographien und andere selbständige Publikationen

                        European Intellectual Property Law - Text, Cases and Materials, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2013, XLIV + 548 S. (gemeinsam mit Thomas Dreier).

                          Marke und Verbraucher - Funktionen der Marke in der Marktwirtschaft, Bd. 2: Einzelprobleme, VCH, Weinheim 1989, XXXVI + 585 S. (gemeinsam mit Frauke Henning-Bodewig).

                            Marke und Verbraucher - Funktionen der Marke in der Marktwirtschaft, Bd. 1: Grundlagen, VCH, Weinheim 1988, XIX + 370 S. (gemeinsam mit Frauke Henning-Bodewig).

                              Beweislast und Beweisführung im Wettbewerbsprozeß - rechtsvergleichende Untersuchung zum deutschen, amerikanischen und schwedischen Recht (Schriftenreihe zum gewerblichen Rechtsschutz, 56), Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln; Berlin; Bonn; München 1981, XXXV + 303 S.

                                Beiträge in Sammelwerken, Kommentierungen, Handbüchern und Lexika

                                From Minimum Standards to Maximum Rules, in: Hanns Ullrich et al. (Hg.), TRIPS plus 20 - From Trade Rules to Market Principles (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 25), Springer, Heidelberg; Berlin 2016, 133 - 162. DOI

                                • Partly born out of frustration about the incessant demands for increased intellectual property (IP) protection in the post-TRIPS era, calls for the introduction of mandatory limits for such protection have become vibrant over the last decade, leading to a number of initiatives and, recently, to the adoption of the first international IP treaty that is primarily geared towards limitations and exceptions. This chapter gives an overview on the background and current state of the movement towards maximum rules, discusses the potential benefits and drawbacks of the approach, the relationship with obligations resulting from previous IP treaties, and possible ways forward.

                                § 13 - Designschutz im Ausland und im internationalen Recht, in: Helmut Eichmann, Annette Kur (Hg.), Designrecht - Praxishandbuch, 2. Aufl., Nomos, Baden-Baden 2016, 435 - 474.

                                  § 3 - Markenrecht, in: Helmut Eichmann, Annette Kur (Hg.), Designrecht - Praxishandbuch, 2. Aufl., Nomos, Baden-Baden 2016, 103 - 166.

                                    What to Protect, and How? Unfair Competition, Intellectual Property, or Protection Sui Generis, in: Na Ri Lee et al. (Hg.), Intellectual Property, Unfair Competition and Publicity (European Intellectual Property Institutes Network Series), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2014, 11 - 32.

                                    • While legal theory postulates that a clear borderline exists between the area covered by intellectual property rights and the surrounding glacis where imitation of others’ achievements is free, the division is all but distinct in practice. In particular in continental European countries such as Germany where unfair competition laws have traditionally been employed for granting protection under certain conditions against “slavish imitation”, the distinction – which is formally one of object-related protection vis-à-vis conduct-oriented assessment – sometimes appears as a matter of semantics rather than substance. Unfair competition protection may thereby assume the role of an incubator for new types of rights to emerge, which are later-on integrated into the corpus of traditional intellectual property laws or are transformed into rights sui generis. After describing and analysing the phenomena, the article suggests a systematized approach towards such legal metamorphoses that strives to reconcile the diverging objectives of flexibility and legal security.
                                    • Available at SSRN

                                    Vorrangtheorie à la Luxemburg? Zu den Auswirkungen der Funktionsrechtsprechung und der Entscheidung Martin Y Paz/Gauquie, in: Festschrift für Helmut Köhler zum 70. Geburtstag, C.H. Beck, München 2014, 383 - 395.

                                      The IPT Project – Proposals to Reform the TRIPS Agreement, in: Gustavo Ghidini, Rudolph J. R. Peritz, Marco Ricolfi (Hg.), TRIPS and Developing Countries – Towards a New IP World Order?, Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2014, 163 - 189 (gemeinsam mit Marianne Levin).

                                        Protection for Fashion: The European Experience, in: Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss, Jane C. Ginsburg (Hg.), Intellectual property at the Edge – The Contested Contours of IP (Cambridge Intellectual Property and Information Law, 22), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2014, 180 - 190.

                                          Evaluation of the Functioning of the EU Trademark System: The Trade Mark Study, in: Christophe Geiger (Hg.), Construction European Intellectual Property (European Intellectual Property Institutes Network Series, 1), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2013, 123 - 136.

                                            Kommentierung von Art. 2:202 - Art. 2:204 (S. 69-97); Art. 2:602 (S. 173-177); Art. 3:601 - 3:606 (S. 301-347) in The Conflict of Laws in Intellectual Property - The CLIP Principles and Comment, in: Jürgen Basedow et al. (Hg.), The Conflict of Laws in Intellectual Property - The CLIP Principles and Comment, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2013.

                                              Unitary Rights in Fragmented Markets? Some Thoughts on the CTM System and its Interaction with National Law, in: Harmonisation of European IP Law - From European Rules to Belgian Law and Practice - Contributions in Honour of Frank Gotzen (Centrum voor Intellectuele Rechten, 23), Bruylant/Larcier, Brussels 2012, 117 - 136.

                                                Two Tiered Protection — Designs and Databases as Legislative Models, in: Ansgar Ohly (Hg.), Common Principles in European Intellectual Property Law (Geistiges Eigentum und Wettbewerbsrecht, 62), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2012, 99 - 115.

                                                  Expropriation or fair game for all? The gradual dismantling of the IP exclusivity paradigm, in: Annette Kur, Marianne Levin (Hg.), Intellectual property rights in a fair world trade system, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2011, 408 - 451 (gemeinsam mit Jens Schovsbo).

                                                  • Auch veröffentlicht als Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper No. 09-14
                                                  • Available at SSRN

                                                  Limitations and exceptions under the three-step test - how much room to walk the middle ground?, in: Annette Kur, Marianne Levin (Hg.), Intellectual property rights in a fair world trade system, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2011, 208 - 261.

                                                    Enough is enough - the notion of binding ceilings in international intellectual property protection, in: Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan, Marianne Levin (Hg.), Intellectual property rights in a fair world trade system - proposals for reform of TRIPs, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2011, 359 - 407 (gemeinsam mit Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan).

                                                      Die Benutzung im geschäftlichen Verkehr - eine (weitere) "black box" des Markenrechts?, in: Festschrift für Irmgard Griss, Jan Sramek Verlag, Wien 2011, 471 - 486.

                                                        Marks for goods or services (trademarks), in: Carlos M. Correa (Hg.), Research Handbook on the Protection of Intellectual Property under WTO Rules - Intellectual Property in the WTO, Vol. 1, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2010, 408 - 447.

                                                          The ALI Principles and the CLIP Project: A Comparison, in: Stefania Bariatti (Hg.), Litigating intellectual property rights disputes cross-border - EU regulations, ALI principles, CLIP project (Studi e pubblicazioni della Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale, 74), CEDAM, Padova 2010, 89 - 147 (gemeinsam mit Benedetta Ubertazzi).

                                                            Gemeinschaftsgeschmacksmuster, in: Jürgen Basedow, Klaus J. Hopt, Reinhard Zimmermann (Hg.), Handwörterbuch des Europäischen Privatrechts - Bd. 1 Abschlussprüfer - Kartellverfahrensrecht, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2009, 674 - 676.

                                                              Geschmacksmuster, in: Jürgen Basedow, Klaus J. Hopt, Reinhard Zimmermann (Hg.), Handwörterbuch des Europäischen Privatrechts - Bd. 1 Abschlussprüfer - Kartellverfahrensrecht, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2009, 724 - 729.

                                                                Markenrecht, in: Helmut Eichmann, Annette Kur (Hg.), Designrecht - Praxishandbuch, Nomos, Baden-Baden 2009, 133 - 186.

                                                                  Cumulation of Rights with Regard to Threedimensional Shapes - Two Exemplary Case Studies, in: Severine Dusollier, Alexandre Cruquenaire (Hg.), Le Cumul des Droits Intellectuels, Larcier, Brüssel 2009, 155 - 175.

                                                                    Too Pretty to Protect? - Trade Mark Law and the Enigma of Aesthetic Functionality, in: Technology and Competition/Technologie et concurrence - Contributions in honour of Hanns Ullrich/Mélanges en l'honneur de Hanns Ullrich, Larcier, Brüssel 2009, 139 - 160.

                                                                      (No) Freedom to Copy? - Protection of Technical Features under Unfair Competition Law, in: Patents and Technological Progress in a Globalized World - Liber Amicorum Joseph Straus, Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2009, 521 - 533.

                                                                        Designschutz im Ausland und im internationalen Recht, in: Helmut Eichmann, Annette Kur (Hg.), Designrecht - Praxishandbuch, Nomos, Baden-Baden 2009, 463 - 478.

                                                                          Der Markenschutz nach deutschem und europäischem Recht, in: Helmut Eichmann, Annette Kur (Hg.), Designrecht - Praxishandbuch, Nomos, Baden-Baden 2009, 133 - 186.

                                                                            Are there any Common European Principles of Private International Law with regard to Intellectual Property?, in: Stefan Leible, Ansgar Ohly (Hg.), Intellectual Property and Private International Law, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2009, 1 - 14.

                                                                              Small Cars, Big Problems? - An Analysis of the ECJ's Opel. /. Autec Decision and its Conseque, in: Festskrift till Marianne Levin, Norstedts Juridik, Stockholm 2008, 329 - 352.

                                                                                Cumulation of IP Rights Pertaining to Product Shapes - An "Illegitimate Offspring" of IP Law?, in: Gustavo Ghidini, Luis Mariano Genovesi (Hg.), Intellectual Property and Market Power - ATRIP Papers 2006-2007, Eudeba, Buenos Aires 2008, 613 - 632.

                                                                                  Strategic Branding: Does Trademark Law Provide for Sufficient Self Help and Self Healing Forces?, in: Inge Govaere, Hanns Ullrich (Hg.), Intellectual Property, Market Power and the Public Interest, Peter Lang, Brüssel 2008, 191 - 217.

                                                                                    Fundamental concerns in the harmonization of (European) trademark law, in: Graeme B. Dinwoodie, Mark D. Janis (Hg.), Trademark Law and Theory, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2008, 151 - 176.

                                                                                      Limiting IP protection for competition policy reasons - a case study based on the EU spare-parts-design discussion, in: Josef Drexl (Hg.), Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2008, 313 - 345.

                                                                                        Old topic, new concerns? - the control of secondary markets by asserting IP Right, in: Maciej Barczewski, Michal Milosz, Richard Warner (Hg.), When Worlds Collide - Intellectual Property, High Technology and the Law, Oficyna, Warschau 2008, 43 - 58.

                                                                                          Protection of Traditional Names and Designations, in: Silke von Lewinski (Hg.), Indigenous Heritage and Intellectual Property: Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore, 2. Aufl., Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn 2008, 293 - 337 (gemeinsam mit Roland Knaak).

                                                                                            Die Alternativen zum Schutz durch das Urheberrecht in Deutschland, in: Reto M. Hilty, Christophe Geiger (Hg.), Impulse für eine europäische Harmonisierung des Urheberrechts/Perspectives d'harmonisation du droit d'auteur en Europe (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, 2), Springer, Berlin 2007, 193 - 211.

                                                                                              Les protections alternatives au droit d'auteur en droit allemand, in: Reto M. Hilty, Christophe Geiger (Hg.), Impulse für eine europäische Harmonisierung des Urheberrechts/Perspectives d'harmonisation du droit d'auteur en Europe (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, 2), Springer, Berlin 2007, 213 - 231.

                                                                                                Nachahmungsschutz und Freiheit des Warenverkehrs - der wettbewerbliche Leistungsschutz aus der Perspektive des Gemeinschaftsrechts, in: Festschrift für Eike Ullmann, juris GmbH, Saarbrücken 2006, 717 - 735.

                                                                                                  Community Trade Marks in National „Community“ Courts – a System That’s Fit for the Future?, in: 25th Anniversary of ECTA: „Past, Present and the Future“. The Development of Trade Marks, Designs and Related IP Rights in Europe, ECTA, Deurne-Antwerpen 2005, 129 - 141.

                                                                                                    Beyond a Self-Sufficient Concept of Intellectual Property Rights, in: Niklas Bruun (Hg.), Intellectual Property Beyond Rights, WSOY, Helsinki 2005, 41 - 47.

                                                                                                      Jurisdiction and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments – The General Structure of the MPI Proposal, in: Josef Drexl, Annette Kur (Hg.), Intellectual Property and Private International Law. Heading for the Future (IIC studies, 24), Hart, Oxford and Portland 2005, 21 - 34.

                                                                                                        Merchandising im Spielzeug-Markt – wie weit reicht die „Eigentums-Logik“?, in: Perspektiven des Geistigen Eigentums und Wettbewerbsrechts. Festschrift für Gerhard Schricker zum 70. Geburtstag, Beck, München 2005, 835 - 844.

                                                                                                          Trademark Conflicts on the Internet: Territoriality Redefined?, in: Jürgen Basedow et al. (Hg.), Intellectual Property in the Conflict of Laws (Materialien zum ausländischen und internationalen Privatrecht, 44), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2005, 175 - 193.

                                                                                                            What is „AS IS“? Das telle quelle-Prinzip nach "Havana Club", in: Harmonisierung des Markenrechts. Festschrift für Alexander von Mühlendahl zum 65. Geburtstag am 20. Oktober 2005, Heymanns, Köln 2005, 361 - 378.

                                                                                                              Prävention – Cui Bono? Zur Berechnung des Schadensersatzes im Immaterialgüterrecht, in: „…und sie bewegt sich doch – Patent Law on the Move. Festschrift für Gert Kolle und Dieter Stauder zum 65. Geburtstag, Heymanns, Köln 2005, 365 - 387.

                                                                                                                Trademark Protection for Personalities and Characters. Introduction, in: Frederik W. Grosheide, Jan J. Brinkhof (Hg.), Intellectual Property 2004. Articles on Crossing Borders Between Traditional and Actual (Molengrafica series, 15), Intersentia, Antwerpen 2005, 297 - 299.

                                                                                                                  Protection of Traditional Names and Designations, in: Silke von Lewinski (Hg.), Indigenous Heritage and Intellectual Property. Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore, Kluwer Law International, The Hague 2004, 221 - 258 (gemeinsam mit Roland Knaak).

                                                                                                                    Entwicklungen und Trends in den Schiedsgerichtsverfahren für Domainnamen-Konflikte, in: Carl Baudenbacher, J. Simon (Hg.), Neueste Entwicklungen im europäischen und internationalen Immaterialgüterrecht, Helbing und Lichtenhahn, Basel, Genf, München 2003, 225 - 250.

                                                                                                                    • Event: Sechstes St. Galler Internationales Immaterialgüterrechtsforum IIF 2002, St. Gallen, 2002-11-14

                                                                                                                    Optionen für ein internationales Gerichtsstands- und Vollstreckungsübereinkommen im Bereich des Immaterialgüterrechts, in: Festschrift für Winfried Tilmann, Heymanns, Köln 2003, 827 - 842.

                                                                                                                      Ist "Vogeler" überholt? - Zur Verwertung von Namensmarken in der Insolvenz, in: Festschrift für Günther Eisenführ, Heymanns, Köln 2003, 17 - 27.

                                                                                                                        The German Legislation on Authors´ Contracts - Fairness at Last?, in: Festskrift til Mogens Koktvedgaard, Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag, Kopenhagen 2003, 307 - 323.

                                                                                                                          Trade Mark Infringement by Trade Names - Some Reflections on the ECJ Decision in the Robelco Case, in: Luopvuus, oikeus ja muuttuvat markkinat. Juhlajulkaisu Keijo Heinonen 1923-26/11-2003 (Festschrift für Keijo Heinonen), Talentum, Helsinki 2003, 127 - 132.

                                                                                                                            Das Herkunftslandprinzip der E-Commerce-Richtlinie - Chancen und Risiken, in: Festschrift für Willi Erdmann zum 65. Geburtstag, Heymanns, Köln 2002, 629 - 645.

                                                                                                                              Exceptions to Protection Where Copyright and Trademark Overlap: Parodies, News Reporting and Other "Speech" Use of Copyright. General Report, in: Jane Ginsburg, June Besek (Hg.), Adjuncts and alternatives to copyright/Régimes complémentaires et concurrentiels au droit d'auteur. Proceedings of the ALAI Congress June 13-17 2001, ALAI-USA, New York 2002, 594 - 613.

                                                                                                                              • Event: Proceedings of the ALAI Congress June 13-17 2001, New York, 2001-06-13

                                                                                                                              Aufsätze

                                                                                                                              Ersatzteilfreiheit zwischen Marken- und Designrecht, GRUR 118, 1 (2016), 20 - 30.

                                                                                                                                Recommendation on Measures to Safeguard Freedom of Expression and Undistorted Competition in EU Trade Mark Law, EIPR 37, 6 (2015), 337 - 343 (gemeinsam mit Lionel A. F. Bently et al.).

                                                                                                                                • Whatever the protection afforded to trade marks, it must always be balanced against general interests, in particular the fundamental freedom of expression and the guarantee of undistorted competition, as reflected in the Lisbon Treaty, the Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights. The need for an appropriate balance is inherent in trade mark law. It is an issue of particular importance in the light of ongoing technological, economic and social developments, and of considerable complexity because of the diversity of legitimate interests of trade mark proprietors, consumers, competitors and the public at large. Against this background, the Recommendation provides guidance on how to offer sufficient room for freedom of expression and freedom of competition in the envisaged new EU trade mark legislation. It addresses measures to be taken by legislators, trade mark registration offices and the courts at various stages: from the grant of trade mark rights and the analysis of trade mark infringement to limitations of trade mark protection and the appropriate distribution of the burden of proof.
                                                                                                                                • Also published as SSRN-Paper
                                                                                                                                • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                Great Data, Nice Tale, But What's the Message? The OHIM/EPO Study on the Economic Relevance of IP-Intensive Industries in the EU, IIC 45, 6 (2014), 617 - 620 (gemeinsam mit Dietmar Harhoff). DOI

                                                                                                                                • In September 2013, EPO and OHIM jointly launched a Report on the economic performance of IP-intensive industries in the EU. Ever since its publication, the Report has been cited as bearing proof to the economic importance of IP, thereby bolstering claims for further enforcement-enhancing measures and policies. However, the eagerness with which the Report is instrumentalized for political purposes ignores the fact that, as the economists performing the study themselves have emphasized, their findings do not provide evidence regarding the causal relationship between IP and the economic data. Instead of serving a better understanding of the economics of IP, such politically tainted over-interpretations might actually discredit the analytical results and the advances in setting up a comprehensive database of IPR utilization at the firm level.
                                                                                                                                • Auch veröffentlicht als Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Discussion Paper ; No. 1
                                                                                                                                • intp
                                                                                                                                • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                Trademarks Function, Don't They? CJEU Jurisprudence and Unfair Competition Principles, IIC 45, 4 (2014), 434 - 454. DOI

                                                                                                                                • Few issues have raised as much controversy in trade mark law and policy as the case law of the Court of Justice (CJEU) on trade mark functions. Enthusiastically greeted by some, others consider it disastrous in regards of reasoning and effect. The EU Commission has stepped in, first by filing a brief with the CJEU, then by way of proposed legislation that is supposed to push the genie back in the bottle: Protection under the double identity clause shall be available only for use of a sign that affects or is likely to affect the origin function. Unsurprisingly, that proposal met with antagonistic reactions from the opposite camps; and according to the reactions so far available from the legislative bodies, it is most unlikely to succeed. This article tries to add nuance to the discussion by pinpointing the dilemma underlying the CJEU’s jurisprudence – the Court is no more to blame than the legislator who failed to articulate more clearly whether and how the protection granted in double identity cases should be limited. Furthermore it is argued that neither accepting the Commission’s proposal nor blindly continuing the current path will yield satisfactory results. More important than arguing about the contents of various trade mark functions and their place in determining the scope of protection is to observe the way in which trade mark law absorbs ways of reasoning typically found in unfair competition law. While that adds flexibility and may in the longer run lead to more substantive harmonization, the space for independent evaluation of unfair conduct under national law is narrowed accordingly. The effects of that process appear manageable where the scope of rights is concerned; however, the results are more hazardous on the level of enforcement, as was highlighted in the recent CJEU decision C-661/11 – Martin Y Paz.
                                                                                                                                • Auch veröffentlicht als Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 14-05
                                                                                                                                • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                Declaration on Patent Protection, IIC 45, 6 (2014), 679 - 698 (gemeinsam mit Carlos M. Correa et al.). DOI

                                                                                                                                • As a framework regulation for innovation markets, the patent system needs to be tailored to the innovation process, which it is supposed to serve, and to the competitive environment, within which it must operate. In order to ensure an efficient functionality of the patent system as an innovation policy tool, patent rights ought to be defined, justified and continually reconsidered by reference to their socio-economic benefits and costs. Sovereign states should retain the discretion to adopt a patent system that best suits their technological capabilities as well as their social, cultural and economic needs and priorities, with the proviso that the exercise of such discretion must remain within the boundaries of international law. Taking into account the customary principles of interpretation of international law, this Declaration seeks to shed light on these boundaries. The purpose is to clarify the policy space that the ‘Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’ (TRIPS Agreement) leaves to national legislators and judicial authorities with regard to the implementation and administration of their patent systems. When the world’s major patent systems first developed into their present form, nation states were able to engage in the regulatory design process under conditions of high sovereign autonomy. Over the past decades, this autonomy has been progressively eroded. Today, states face a legal and institutional regime consisting of multilateral, regional and bilateral agreements, which are becoming increasingly complex and set more and more limits to their regulatory freedom. As a result, the ability of states to maintain a proper balance between the need for protection of knowledge goods in global markets, the freedom to regulate national or regional innovation markets, and the policy space for pursuing diverse public interest goals risks becoming unduly constrained. This Declaration seeks to clarify some of the regulatory options states still retain under international law, in particular the TRIPS Agreement.
                                                                                                                                • Auch veröffentlicht als Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 14-19
                                                                                                                                • Auch veröffentlicht in: Intellectual Property Law and Policy Journal, 2014, Vol. 45, 1 - 32 (in Japanese)
                                                                                                                                • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                Durchsetzung gemeinschaftsweiter Schutzrechte: Internationale Zuständigkeit und anwendbares Recht - Zugleich Anmerkung zu den Entscheidungen EuGH, Rs. EUGH Aktenzeichen C-360/12 – Coty und EuGH, Rs. EUGH Aktenzeichen C-479/12 – Gautzsch, GRUR Int 63, 8/9 (2014), 749 - 760.

                                                                                                                                • Inhaber von gemeinschaftsweit geschützten Marken- und Geschmacksmusterrechten haben gegenüber den Inhabern nationaler Rechte den Vorteil, dass sie sich im Fall grenzüberschreitender Verletzungen auf materiell weitgehend vereinheitlichtes Recht berufen und ihre Ansprüche vor Gemeinschaftsmarken- und -geschmacksmustergerichten gemeinschaftsweit geltend machen können. Dennoch verbleiben eine Reihe offener Fragen, die auch durch jüngere Entscheidungen des EuGH nicht oder jedenfalls nicht befriedigend gelöst wurden. Vor allem zeigt sich in diesen Entscheidungen wie auch bereits in vorhergehenden Entscheidungen zu Art. 7 Nr. 2 EuGVO n.F., dass der EuGH den durch das Territorialitätsprinzip bedingten Besonderheiten des Immaterialgüterrechts nicht die notwendige Bedeutung beimisst. Als problematisch erweist sich ferner, dass der EuGH die Begriffe „Handlungsort“ und „Ort des ursächlichen Geschehens“ regelmäßig synonym setzt, während deren sinnvolle Verwendung im Immaterialgüterrecht von einer klaren konzeptionellen Unterscheidung abhängt.
                                                                                                                                • In case of cross-border infringement of trade marks or designs the owners of Community rights protected throughout the EU are privileged vis-à-vis proprietors of national rights insofar as they can rely, in matters of substance, on uniform law; furthermore, infringers can be sued before Community trademark and Community design courts with union-wide competence. Nevertheless, a number of issues remain unresolved, without clear answers being given, or satisfactory solutions being reached, in recent CJEU jurisprudence. Similar to earlier decisions addressing article 7(2) of the Brussels Ibis regulation, those recent decisions demonstrate that the CJEU does not pay full attention to the territoriality principle and its specific consequences for intellectual property law. The problems are exacerbated by the fact that the CJEU tends to blur the notions of the place where the (act of) infringement is committed and the place where the causal event occurs, whereas in the context of intellectual property those notions must be clearly distinguished from each other.
                                                                                                                                • Auch erschienen als: Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Discussion Paper No. 3
                                                                                                                                • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                Secondary Liability for Trademark Infringement on the Internet: The Situation in Germany and the EU, Columbia Journal of Law and the Arts 37, 4 (2014), 525 - 540.

                                                                                                                                  Geschäftliche Handlungen im Internet - Herausforderungen für das Marken- und Lauterkeitsrecht, GRUR Beil. 2014, 29 - 52 (gemeinsam mit Jochen Glöckner).

                                                                                                                                    Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements, IIC 44, 8 (2013), 878 - 883 (gemeinsam mit Josef Drexl et al.). DOI

                                                                                                                                    • For several years, research at the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law (MPI) - in collaboration with experts from all over the world - has examined the trend of bilateral and regional agreements that include provisions on the protection and enforcement of intellectual property (IP) rights. By building on this research, the following principles – express core concerns regarding the use of IP provisions as a bargaining chip in international trade negotiations, the increasing comprehensiveness of international IP rules and the lack of transparency and inclusiveness in the negotiating process; and – recommend international rules and procedures that can achieve a better, mutually advantageous and balanced regulation of international IP. These principles emanate from several consultations within the MPI and especially from a workshop that was held with external experts in October 2012 in Munich, Germany. They represent the views of those first signatories and are open to signature by scholars who share the objectives of the Principles.

                                                                                                                                    Harmonization of intellectual property law in Europe: The ECJ trade mark case law 2008–2012, Common Market Law Review 50, 3 (2013), 773 - 804.

                                                                                                                                      ATRIP and Publications, WIPO Journal 4, 2 (2013), 269 - 277 (gemeinsam mit Jan Rósen).

                                                                                                                                        What Kind of Use is This? - Open Question Aften ONEL/OMEL, IPRInfo 3 (2013), 8 - 11.

                                                                                                                                        • Few cases referred to the CJEU were accompanied by such vigorous and passionate political debates as ONEL/OMEL. Stakeholders as well as the Commission were in an acute state of alarm after the Benelux IP Office (BOIP) decided that genuine use made in the Netherlands was not sufficient for the earlier CTM “ONEL” to be considered as a valid ground for opposition against the Benelux trademark application for “OMEL”. Now, more than six months after the CJEU has handed down its decision, commentators remain remarkably silent. Rather than indicating a common understanding that the answers given are satisfactory, this seems to signal the opposite: so much has been left open for anyone’s guessing that it’s impossible to say what the decision actually means.
                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht als: Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property & Research Paper No. 13-15
                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                        Not Prior in Time, But Superior in Right: How Trademark Registrations Can be Affected by Third Party Interests in a Sign, IIC 44, 7 (2013), 790 - 814. DOI

                                                                                                                                        • Trademark law relies on the principle of priority: The person first filing for registration (or, depending on the legal system, the person first using a sign) becomes the owner of the right within the territory where the filing (or use) took place. However, in certain exceptional cases priority is discarded vis-à-vis superior interests of third parties. International law explicitly recognizes two such constellations, namely protection of well-known marks (Article 6 Paris Convention) and unauthorized registration by an agent or representative (6septies Paris Convention). Furthermore, it is widely acknowledged that the priority principle may not apply if a mark is filed in bad faith. The article presents all three constellations from an international and European legal background, including a discussion of the Commission proposals for reform of European trade mark law. It is argued that while the current law as well as the proposals go beyond what is necessary to comply with international obligations in regards of Article 6 and application in bad faith, they do not live up to the required level when it comes to well-known marks. Nevertheless, in spite of certain deficiencies, it is also shown that European trademark law in its current state as well as in view of the envisaged reform proposals presents a fairly comprehensive panoply of options for protection of superior interests in a sign in spite of lacking registration.
                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht als: Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law Research Paper ; No. 13-10
                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                        Wer ist Pirat? - Probleme des Immaterialgüterrechts, Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 62, 48 (2012), 21 - 28.

                                                                                                                                          Die Ergebnisse des CLIP-Projekts – zugleich eine Einführung in die deutsche Fassung der Principles on Conflict of Laws in Intellectual Property, GRUR Int 61, 10 (2012), 857 - 868.

                                                                                                                                            Convergence after All - A Comparative View on the U.S. and EU Trademark Systems in the Light of the Trade Mark Study, Journal of Intellectual Property Law 19, 2 (2012), 305 - 324.

                                                                                                                                              Die Studie des Max-Planck-Instituts für Immaterialgüter- und Wettbewerbsrecht zum Funktionieren des europäischen Markensystems, GRUR Int 61, 3 (2012), 197 - 208 (gemeinsam mit Roland Knaak, Alexander von Mühlendahl).

                                                                                                                                                The CLIP Principles - Summary of the Project, The quarterly review of corporation law and society 12 (2011), 202 - 215.

                                                                                                                                                  Haftung für Rechtsverletzungen Dritter: Reformbedarf im europäischen IPR?, WRP 57, 8 (2011), 971 - 982.

                                                                                                                                                    International Norm-Making in the Field of Intellectual Property: A Shift Towards Maximum Rules?, The WIPO journal 1 (inaugral issue) (2009), 27 - 34.

                                                                                                                                                      "A case about bubbles" - nur heisse Luft?, sic! 2 (2009), 106 - 111.

                                                                                                                                                        The Law Applicable to Secondary Liability in Intellectual Property Cases, New York University journal of international law and politics 42, 1 (2009), 201 - 235 (gemeinsam mit Graeme Dinwoodie, Rochelle Dreyfuss).

                                                                                                                                                          Un an de jurisprudence allemande en droit des marques, La propriété industrielle 12 (2009), 17 - 21.

                                                                                                                                                            Un an de jurisprudence allemande en droit des marques, La propriété industrielle 12 (2008), 19 - 24.

                                                                                                                                                              Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law Concerning the Commission’s Plans to Prolong the Protection Period for Performing Artists and Sound Recordings, IIC 39, 5 (2008), 586 - 596 (gemeinsam mit Josef Drexl et al.).

                                                                                                                                                                Confusion over use? - Die Benutzung „als Marke“ im Licht der EuGH-Rechtsprechung, GRUR Int 57, 1 (2008), 1 - 12.

                                                                                                                                                                  Nothing but a GI Thing: Geographical Indications under EU Law, Fordham intellectual property, media & entertainment law journal 17, 4 (2007), 999 - 1016 (gemeinsam mit Sam Cocks).

                                                                                                                                                                    Exclusive jurisdiction and cross border IP (patent) infringement - suggestions for amendment of the Brussels I regulation, Intellectuelle eigendom & reclamerecht 23, 1 (2007), 1 - 8 (gemeinsam mit Axel Metzger et al.).

                                                                                                                                                                      Intellectual Property and the Reform of Private International Law - Sparks from a Difficult Relationship, Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 27, 4 (2007), 284 - 289.

                                                                                                                                                                        Quibbling Siblings - Comments to Dev Gangjee's Presentation, Chicago-Kent Law Review 82, 3 (2007), 1316 - 1327.

                                                                                                                                                                          Právna ochrana dizajnu náhradných dielcov a návrh Európskej komisie na dolozku o opravách, Dusevne vlastnictvo 10, 2 (2006), 17 - 22 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty, Josef Drexl).

                                                                                                                                                                            First Evaluation of Directive 96/9/EC on the Legal Protection of Databases - Comment by the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, Munich, IIC 37, 5 (2006), 551 - 558 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                                                                                                                                                              A Farewell to Cross-Border Injunctions? The ECJ Decisions GAT v. LuK and Roche Nederland v. Primus and Goldenberg, IIC 37, 7 (2006), 844 - 855.

                                                                                                                                                                                Designschutz für Ersatzteile - Der Kommissionsvorschlag zur Einführung einer Reparaturklausel, GRUR Int 54, 6 (2005), 449 - 457 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty, Josef Drexl).

                                                                                                                                                                                  Design Protection for Spare Parts and the Commission's Proposal for a Repairs Clause, IIC 36, 4 (2005), 448 - 457 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty, Josef Drexl).

                                                                                                                                                                                    Applicable Law: An Alternative Proposal for International Regulation - the Max-Planck Project on international jurisdiction and choice of law, Brooklyn journal of international law 30, 3 (2005), 953 - 981.

                                                                                                                                                                                      The TRIPS Agreement Ten Years Later - A Conference Commemorating the 10th Anniversary of the TRIPS Agreement, IIC 36, 5 (2005), 558 - 562.

                                                                                                                                                                                        The MPI Proposal, The quarterly review of corporation law and society 25 (2005), 339 - 342.

                                                                                                                                                                                          Alles oder Nichts im Formmarkenschutz?, GRUR Int 53, 9 (2004), 755 - 761.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Trade names – a Class of Signs “more equal“ than others?, IPRinfo 4 (2004), 10 - 11.

                                                                                                                                                                                              A New Framework for Intellectual Property Rights - Horizontal Issues, IIC 35, 1 (2004), 1 - 21.

                                                                                                                                                                                                No Logo!?, IIC 35, 2 (2004), 184 - 186.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Enforcement Directive - Rough Start, Happy Landing?, IIC 35, 7 (2004), 821 - 830.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    "Eintragungsland" ohne nationale Eintragung - zum Urteil des OLG München v. 15.05.2003, 29 U 1977/03, Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts 24 (2004), 331 - 333.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Protection of Graphical User Interfaces Under European Design Legislation, IIC 34, 1 (2003), 50 - 62.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Principles Governing Jurisdiction, Choice of Law and Judgements in Transnational Disputes: A European Perspective, Computer law review international 4, 3 (2003), 65 - 72.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Procedures and Remedies for Enforcing IPRs: the European Commission´s Proposed Directive, EIPR 25, 10 (2003), 447 - 449 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Vorschlag für eine Richtlinie über die Maßnahmen und Verfahren zum Schutz der Rechte am geistigen Eigentum - eine erste Würdigung, GRUR Int 52, 7 (2003), 605 - 608 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty, Josef Drexl).

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Proposal for a Directive on Measures and Procedures to Ensure the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights - A First Statement, IIC 34, 5 (2003), 530 - 535 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty, Josef Drexl).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Határokon túli védjegybirtoklás az interneten, Iparjogvédelmi és szerzöi jogi szemle 107.5 (2002).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                International Hague Convention on Jurisdiction and Foreign Judgements - A Way Forward for IP?, EIPR 24, 4 (2002), 175 - 183.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Die Auswirkungen des neuen Geschmacksmusterrechts auf die Praxis, GRUR 104, 8 (2002), 661 - 670.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Use of Trademarks on the Internet - The WIPO Recommendations, IIC 33, 1 (2002), 41 - 47.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Marke und Verbraucher - Funktionen der Marke in der Marktwirtschaft, Markenartikel 1990, 357 - 360 (gemeinsam mit Frauke Henning-Bodewig).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Marke und Verbraucher - Bericht über ein Projekt und seine Ergebnisse, WRP 7/8 (1990), 453 - 459 (gemeinsam mit Frauke Henning-Bodewig).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Markenrecht und Verbraucherschutz - Erste Ergebnisse eines Forschungsprojekts, GRUR 87, 7 (1985), 493 - 503 (gemeinsam mit Frauke Henning-Bodewig).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Entscheidungsanmerkungen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Anmerkung zu Case C-235/09, DHL Express v. Chronopost, Judgment of the Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) of 12 April 2011, Common Market Law Review 49, 2 (2012), 753 - 766.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Anmerkung zu US CA 9th Cir. vom 15.12.2004 und zu CAFC vom 24.3.2005, IIC 36, 6 (2005), 728 - 731.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Rezensionen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Rezension von: Designschutz in Europa/Design Protection in Europe – Entscheidungen europäischer und nationaler Gerichte/Decisions of European and National Courts, Bd. 4/Vol. 4 Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln 2012, XXV, 571 S., ISBN 978-3-452-27365-9, GRUR Int 62, 1 (2013), 90 - 92.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Rezension von: Ubertazzi, Benedetta: Exclusive Jurisidiction in Intellectual Property. Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2012, XVIII, 337 S., ISBN 978-3-16-151954-3, (Studien zum ausländischen und internationalen Privatrecht, Band 273)., GRUR Int 61, 12 (2012), 1164 - 1165.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rezension von: Derclaye, Estelle; Leistner, Matthias: Intellectual Property Overlaps – A European Perspective. Hart Publishing, Oxford and Portland 2011, LIX, 345 S., ISBN 978-1-841-13950-0, GRUR Int 61, 1 (2012), 102 - 103.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rezension von: Stefan Luginbühl: European Patent Law – Towards a Uniform Interpretation. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham (UK), Northampton (USA) 2011. XXIIII, 331 S. ISBN 978-1-8498-0105-8, IIC 42, 8 (2011), 996 - 997.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rezension von: Ströbele, Paul/ Hacker, Franz (Hrsg.): Markengesetz, Kommentar. 9. Aufl., Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln 2009, XXXVII, 2633 S., ISBN 978-3-452-27052-8, GRUR Int 60, 1 (2011), 88 - 89.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Rezension von: Kindler, Peter: Einführung in das neue IPR des Wirtschaftsverkehrs, Praxishandbuch. Verlag Wirtschaft und Recht, Frankfurt a.M. 2009, XVII, 355 S., ISBN 978-3-8005-1510-3, (Schriftenreihe des Betriebs-Beraters Band 144), GRUR Int 59, 10 (2010), 902 - 903.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Rezension von: Bulling, Alexander / Langöhrig, Angelika / Hellwig, Tillmann: Geschmacksmuster - Designschutz in Deutschland und Europa. 2., überarbeitete und wesentlich erweiterte Aufl., Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln 2006, 255 S., ISBN 3-452-25685-5; Schramm, Peter: Der europaweite Schutz des Produktdesigns - Das Gemeinschaftsgeschmacksmuster und sein Verhältnis zur Gemeinschaftsmarke. Saarbrücker Studien zum internationalen Recht Bd. 28, Nomos Verlag, Baden-Baden 2005, 264 S., ISBN 3-8329-1387-4, GRUR Int 56, 5 (2007), 455 - 456.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Rezension von: Blasek, Katrin: Markenrecht in der Volksrepublik China. Max-Planck-Institut für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steuerrecht: Schriftenreihe zum gewerblichen Rechtsschutz Bd. 147, Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln 2007, XXIII + 458 S., ISBN 978-3-452-26587-6, GRUR Int 56, 7 (2007), 636 - 637.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Rezension von: Strömholm, Stig: Upphovsrätt och internationell privaträtt (Urheberrecht und internationales Privatrecht). Norstedts Juridik, Stockholm 2001, 394 S., GRUR Int 53, 7/8 (2004), 684 - 686.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Rezension von: Stutz, Robert M.: Individualität, Originalität oder Eigenart? Schutzvoraussetzungen des Design – Design als Werk der angewandten Kunst. (Diss. Univ. Bern), Stämpfli Verlag AG, Bern 2002, LXV, 344 S., GRUR Int 53, 2 (2004), 180 - 181.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rezension von: Paul Ströbele & Franz Hacker: Markengesetz (Trademark Law). 7th ed. Heymanns Taschenkommentare zum gewerblichen Rechtsschutz, Heymanns, Cologne 2003. XXX, 1805 S., IIC 35, 2 (2004), 232 - 234.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rezension von: Andrew Mountstephens: Das Markenrecht in Großbritannien und Nordirland. Carl Heymanns Verlag KG, Köln etc. 2003, XXXIX, 427 S., IIC 35, 6 (2004), 756 - 758.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tagungs- und Diskussionsberichte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The TRIPS Agreement Ten Years Later. Konferenz anlässlich des zehnjährigen Bestehens des TRIPS-Abkommens, GRUR Int 53, 10 (2004), 837 - 839.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Event: Konferenz anlässlich des zehnjährigen Bestehens des TRIPS-Abkommens, Brüssel, 2004-06-23

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Jurisdiction and Choice of Law in Intellectual Property Matters - Perspectives for the Future. Tagungsbericht, GRUR Int 53, 4 (2004), 306 - 315.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Event: Internationale Zuständigkeit und anwendbares Recht im Bereich des geistigen Eigentums, Insel Frauenwörth im Chiemsee, 2003-07-20

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        A New Framework for Intellectual Property Rights - Conference of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property at Elmau Castle, 22-23 November, 2002, IIC 34, 6 (2003), 632 - 646 (gemeinsam mit Christophe Geiger, Martin Senftleben).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Event: A New Framework for Intellectual Property Rights, Elmau Castle, 2003-11-22

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Intellectual Property, in: Martijn van Empel (Hg.), "From Paris to Nice" - Fifty Years of Legal Integration in Europe. International Pallas Conference, Nijmegen, May 24, 2002, Kluwer, The Hague 2003, 73 - 99.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Event: Pallas Conference, Nijmegen, 2002-05-24

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tagungsbericht, in: Friedrich-Karl Beier, Eva-Marina Bastian, Eva-Marina Bastian (Hg.), Wettbewerbsrecht und Verbraucherschutz in Mittel- und Osteuropa (Schriftenreihe zum gewerblichen Rechtsschutz, 87), Carl Heymanns Verlag, Köln, Berlin, Bonn, München 1992, 47 - 88 (gemeinsam mit Eva-Marina Bastian).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Event: 5. Ringberg-Symposium des Max-Planck-Instituts für ausländisches und internationales Patent-, Urheber- und Wettbewerbsrecht, Schloß Ringberg Tegernsee, 1991-03-11

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Forschungspapiere

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Brand Symbols, the Consumer, and the Internet (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 16-01), 2016, 24 S.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The article gives an overview on the way in which trade marks – or rather: brand symbols – operate in the internet environment. Referring to interdisciplinary research in psychology and neuroscience it is shown how the soft coercive power of brands and the spell they tend to cast over the mind and actions of consumers is reinforced in the digital age where the exposure of consumers to commercial messages is massively enhanced due to the pervasiveness of the internet. Before that background, the article summarizes the legal issues that so far have been in the foreground of practice and scholarly discussions regarding trademarks and the internet. It is posited that those issues as well should be resolved in the light of the larger picture involving the psychological, sociological and cultural dimensions of the use of brands in the digital age.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Too Common, Too Splendid, or 'Just Right'? Trade Mark Protection for Product Shapes in the Light of CJEU Case Law (Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition Research Paper, No. 14-17), 2014, 31 S.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Due to their capacity to confer ‘eternal’ protection on product shapes, three-dimensional trade marks seem to defy the basic tenets of intellectual property. Registration of such marks is therefore regularly subject to certain restrictions set forth in the law or developed by the courts. European trade mark law is no exception in that regard. While the CJEU insists that shape marks are to be assessed under the same principles as other forms of marks, obtaining protection in practice is quite difficult, which is only partially explained by the different perception of consumers. Furthermore, shapes are the only form of signs that is subject to an absolute and permanent exclusion from protection in order to safeguard competition interests. While the latter provision has been dormant in practice for most of the time, recent jurisprudence has given it more teeth; however, it has also rendered the contents of the provision and its relation to the other obstacles for protection more obscure, making it extremely difficult in practice to distinguish between the different categories. The article gives an overview on the legal situation and recommends a more transparent, balanced approach.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Study on the Functioning of the European Trade Mark System (Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property & Competition Law Research Paper, No. 12-13), 2012, 32 S. (gemeinsam mit Roland Knaak, Alexander von Mühlendahl).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • As an element in the comprehensive evaluation of European trade mark law currently undertaken by the European Commission, the Max Planck Institute was given the task to carry out a Study on the Overall Functioning of the European Trade Mark System. This article presents a summary report on the contents and findings of the Study. Following a brief introduction (Part A), Part B refers to the programmatic objectives and principles of the European trade mark system. Parts C and D resume the analyses and proposals regarding topical issues of the substantive and procedural law, including the politically contentious issue of what constitutes “genuine use” of a Community Trade Mark. Parts E and F concern the functions currently performed by the Office for Harmonization in the Internal market (OHIM) and their possible improvement as well as the enhancement of coherence and collaboration between OHIM and the national offices; finally, in Part G, proposals for further harmonization are submitted. As a follow-up contribution to the Study the Max Planck Institute has produced synopses of the Trade Mark Directive (TMD) and the Community Trade Mark Regulation (CTMR), showing in which way the current texts would have to be amended if the proposals were accepted. Those amendments (hereinafter p-TMD and p-CTMR) are referenced throughout the text of this article. The Study and the synopses are available on the website of the Max Planck Institute.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Too Pretty to Protect? - Trade Mark Law and the Enigma of Aesthetic Functionality (Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property & Competition Law Research Paper, No. 11-16), 2011, 22 S.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Under European trade mark law, ‘functional’ signs, i.e. signs exclusively consisting of shapes which result from the nature of the product, are necessary to achieve a technical result, or give substantial value to the goods, are barred from trade mark protection with absolute and permanent effect, without the possibility to establish acquired distinctiveness. While the rule may appear sound as such, its application in practice is problematic, in particular as regards the third ground for exclusion, which is often referred to as ‘aesthetic functionality’: the dangerous implications of that rule for particularly attractive design have become obvious in the recent decision by the General Court, T-508/08 – Bang & Olufsen. The article traces the origins of that rule in US case law and screens its application in Europe. It is argued that the original aim of the functionality doctrine in its various forms, namely to foster and maintain efficient competition, has been lost out of sight. Instead of embarking on an analysis of competitive concerns, courts tend to focus their attention on elements of largely accidental character, like the attractiveness of shapes in the early stage of marketing. Against that, the position is endorsed that it should not be precluded forever that a shape, initially attracting customers by its pleasant appearance, will become a valid sign at a later stage. Instead of focusing on how the public, at a given point in time, perceives and evaluates a certain shape, the crucial test should consist of an analysis of the competitive potential of the shape at stake, considering to what extent its assignment to one particular right holder would be liable to impede, or even exclude, efficient and meaningful competition.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Study on the Overall Functioning of the European Trade Mark System - Report for the European Commission - presented by Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law Munich, 2011, 278 S. (gemeinsam mit Roland Knaak).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sweet Smells and a Sour Taste - The ECJ's L'Oréal decision (Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper, No. 09-12), 2009, 6 S. (gemeinsam mit Lionel F. Bently, Ansgar Ohly).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • In this brief comment on the ECJ’s decision L’Oréal v. Bellure (decision of 18 June 2009 case C-487/07 ) the authors argue that by protecting the reputation of a precious mark at the expense of consumer information about the availability of products legitimately offered on the market, the Court has failed to give an adequate response to the underlying conflict between the interests of the trade mark holder and freedom of commercial speech.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Of Oceans, Islands, and Inland Water - How Much Room for Exceptions and Limitations Under the Three-Step Test? (Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper Series, No. 08-04 ), 2009, 48 S.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The following chapter explores the notion of limitations and exceptions in the structure of intellectual property rights, in particular with a view of the three-step test. Following a brief typology of limitations and exceptions operating in different legal systems and on the international level, the three-step test in its application by the WTO-panels is evaluated critically, leading to the development of criteria for a more balanced interpretation. Most importantly, it is argued that the criteria on all three levels are rather of a relative character than an absolute one. This means that the frequently held belief that the individual steps must be passed separately and cumulatively cannot be endorsed: Instead of constituting three separate units, the three steps are nothing but individual elements informing one overall assessment. Furthermore, for the calibration of that assessment, it has to be taken into account that TRIPS is embedded in the larger WTO framework, which implies inter alia that the proportionality principle anchored in Art. XX GATT must be observed. The approach endorsed in this chapter basically complies with the Declaration on the Three Step Test in Copyright, which was published in summer 2008 as the result of a joint project between the MPI and Queen Mary College. However, beyond that, it may serve as a basis for more comprehensive proposals to re-formulate the present three-step test.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Enough is Enough - The Notion of Binding Ceilings in International Intellectual Property Protection (Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper Series, No. 09-01 ), 2008, 69 S. (gemeinsam mit Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Stellungnahmen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Positionspapier des Max-Planck-Instituts für Innovation und Wettbewerb vom 1. Mai 2015 zur Umsetzung des WIPO-Vertrags von Marrakesch über eine zwingende urheberrechtliche Schranke zugunsten von Blinden, Sehbehinderten und Menschen mit Leseschwäche, 2015, 15 S. (gemeinsam mit Kaya Köklü et al.). DOI

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Stellungnahme des Max-Planck-Instituts für Innovation und Wettbewerb vom 12. Mai 2014 zum Vorschlag der Europäischen Kommission für eine Richtlinie über den Schutz vertraulichen Know-hows und vertraulicher Geschäftsinformationen (Geschäftsgeheimnisse) vor rechtswidrigem Erwerb sowie rechtswidriger Nutzung und Offenlegung vom 28.11.2013, COM (2013) 813 final, 2014, 18 S. (gemeinsam mit Roland Knaak, Reto M. Hilty). DOI

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition is a research institute within the Max Planck Society. Its main purpose is to undertake basic research on legal and economic issues on intellectual property and competition law. One main focus of its activity is the study of European intellectual property and unfair competition law. The Institute regularly advises governmental bodies and parliaments, at both the national and the international level. The Institute hereby provides its comments on the European Commission’s Proposal for a Directive on the protection of undisclosed know-how and business information (trade secrets) against their unlawful acquisition, use and disclosure of 28.11.2013, (COM) 813 final. All references in these Comments to the compromise proposal of the Council Presidency refer to the proposal of 19 May 2014 (Doc 9870/14).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht als Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 14-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht in GRUR Int 63,6 (2014), S. 554 - 560
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Englische Fassung unter dem Titel: Comments of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 3 June 2014 on the Proposal of the European Commission for a Directive on the Protection of Undisclosed Know-How and Business Information (Trade Secrets) Against Their Unlawful Acquisition, Use and Disclosure of 28 November 2013, COM(2013) 813 Final in IIC 45,8 (2014), 953 - 967
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Stellungnahme-Geschaeftsgeheimnisse_2014-05-12_fin1.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        European Commission - Green Paper: Copyright in the Knowledge Economy - Comments by the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, 2009, 20 S. (gemeinsam mit Sebastian Krujatz et al.).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • This paper focuses on an important subset of the knowledge economy: the area of scientific research. Wide dissemination and accessibility of scientific information in the online environment are at the core of today's knowledge economy. To a large degree, scientific information is embedded within scholarly works, such as journal articles, which are subject to copyright protection. Limitations most relevant to scientific research provided for in Directive 2001/29/EC on the harmonization of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (InfoSoc Directive) are important tools to ease access to relevant information for purposes of scientific research on the end-user level. They need to be preserved and, where possible, adequately extended. However, even if widely introduced in all Member States and made immune against technological protection measures, these limitations alone may not guarantee wide dissemination and accessibility. The more publications become available in electronic form only, the greater the risk that libraries and scientific end users will face a single-source situation, forcing them to pay unreasonable prices or accept unreasonable conditions for accessing (for the most part publicly financed) scholarly contents, or to desist from using the relevant contents at all. Contractual arrangements between rightholders and users - as addressed in the Green Paper - are likely to benefit rightholders more than users. Limitations allowed for in the InfoSoc Directive cannot cope with these problems since they only take effect at the user level, i.e. when the content has already been procured. Wide dissemination and accessibility may need to be addressed also on the level of the intermediaries, e.g. by securing the existence of multiple sources and fair competition among publishers and other intermediaries with respect to the individual piece of scholarly work, such as an individual journal article. In this paper, we suggest certain elements that should be considered in the course of a legislative reform on the EU level, following a two-tier approach: (1) At the end-user level, limitations most relevant to scientific research should be mandatory, immune towards contractual agreements and technological protection measures, and should be construed as providing a bottom line, which national legislation should not fall below. In return, original rightholders should receive adequate compensation. (2) At the level of intermediaries, it is strongly recommended to follow up closely the developments in the scientific publication market, in particular concerning the situation of (publicly funded) research institutions vis a vis publishing companies and database producers. If certain negative effects cannot be mitigated otherwise, additional legal measures may have to be considered, which may be based on copyright or competition law, or even combine elements of the two, as will be addressed in part 2 of this paper.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht als: Max-Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper Series No. 08-05
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht in: IIC, 40,3 (2009), 309 - 327
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Comments-GreenPaperCopyrigthKnowledgeEconomy4.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Stellungnahme des Max-Planck-Instituts zum Vorschlag der Kommission für eine Richtlinie zur Änderung der Richtlinie 2006/116 EG des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates über die Schutzdauer des Urheberrechts und bestimmter verwandter Schutzrechte, 2008, 23 S. (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The ostensible aim of the Commission's proposal to improve the economic situation of performing artists makes sense. Similarly, the descriptions of certain deficiencies in the music trade are true. However, the measures proposed by the Commission to remedy these problems - mainly a prolongation of the term of performance rights from 50 to 95 years - will, if at all, only bring marginal benefits to performing artists. In fact, the Commission also rightly recognizes that the problem of performing artists lies primarily in their lack of bargaining power as against the sound recording producers. However, it does not draw the obvious consequence that performers should be put in a better position by means of binding contractual provisions. Nor can any objection be raised to the Commission's description of the challenges faced by the sound recording industry by new - illegal - ways of using performances on the Internet. However, no mention is made of a number of conceivable specific options. Instead, the Commission also limited its considerations on the producers' situation to the said prolongation of the period of protection, although there is no objective relationship whatsoever between the duration of the performance rights and the user behaviour objected to. In truth, both groups of beneficiaries of performance rights would best be served if more effective use was made of the existing protection during the current 50 year term. On the part of the sound recording industry, an almost "perpetual" protection must not be allowed to distract from the necessity of using competition-based business models to recover the necessary investments and achieve a reasonable profit within realistic periods of time, taking into account the fact that the market presence of most productions will end much sooner than after five decades. Within that period of time, the performing artists can also be allowed to participate fairly in the profits by means of appropriate contractual provisions. The proposed prolongation of the term of protection instead leaves all the shortcomings of the present system untouched. The proposed term of 95 years is based blindly on the US copyright system, albeit wrongly interpreted and incapable of easy comparison with European law. This also ignores the fact that the overwhelming part of the proposed term of protection can in any event no longer serve to improve the economic situation of living performing artists. If at all, only the phonogram producers will profit - or any heirs of performing artists, and it is not their protection that seems to be what the Commission intends, or at least no mention is made of them anywhere. Even the Commission apparently does not believe that this initiative will achieve anything positive - even if only to the benefit of the sound recording industry; otherwise, it would be difficult to explain why its estimations are vague in such a manner that the figure of the estimated maximum is 20 times higher than the minimal estimation. Independent investigations suggest, however, that the prolongation of the protection period would have no perceptible benefits at all for those entitled to performance rights. At the same time, it cannot be disregarded that the prolongation of protection by a further 45 years would render access to musical productions difficult for a much longer period than at present if the copyright protection of the works used has already expired, which would often be the case particularly for classical music. However, it is not only with respect to the commercial effects that the Commission's proposals are half-baked. Even superficially well meant approaches such as specifically the creation of a fund for needy performing artists, are on closer examination nothing but window-dressing, particularly since they are only intended as transitional solutions. The same applies to the use-it-or-lose-it clause, the applicability of which will depend on overcoming unrealistically high obstacles. Certainly, the general aim of increasing the protection of the performing artist is to be welcomed. However, what is necessary, and also possible, are measures other than those proposed by the Commission.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht in: GRUR Int 57,11 (2008), 907 - 916
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Englische Fassung: Comment by the Max Planck Institute on the Commission's Proposal for a Directive to Amend Directive 2006/116 Concerning the Term of Protection for Copyright and Related Rights, EIPR 31,2 (2009), 59 - 72
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht als: Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper Series No. 08-01
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Stellungnahme-RichtlinieSchutzdauerUrheberrecht1.pdf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Available at SSRN

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Comments on the European Commission’s Proposal for a Regulation on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations („Rome I“) of December 15, 2005 and the European Parliament Committee on Legal Affairs’ Draft Report on the Proposal of August 22, 2006, 2007, 7 S. (gemeinsam mit Andrea Birkmann et al.).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exclusive Jurisdiction and Cross Border IP (Patent) Infringement - Suggestions for Amendment of the Brussels I Regulation, 2006, 15 S. (gemeinsam mit Andrea Birkmann et al.).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Stellungnahme des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steuerrecht zum Vorschlag für eine Richtlinie des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates über strafrechtliche Maßnahmen zur Durchsetzung des Rechts des geistigen Eigentums, KOM(2006) 168 endgültig, 2006, 7 S. (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty, Alexander Peukert).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht in: GRUR Int 55, 8/9 (2006), 722 - 725
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Auch veröffentlicht in: IIC 37,8 (2006), 970 - 977 unter dem Titel: Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on Criminal Measures Aimed at Ensuring the Enforcement of the Intellectual Property Rights
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Stellungnahme-StrafrechtDurchsetzungGeistigesEigentum.pdf

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Stellungnahme des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steuerrecht zur Umsetzung der Richtlinie 2004/48/EG zur Durchsetzung der Rechte des geistigen Eigentums in deutsches Recht, 2006, 12 S. (gemeinsam mit Alexander Peukert).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vorträge

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        08.12.14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Overlaps of trademarks and design – What’s the problem?

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        INTA, When Trademarks Overlap with Other Rights

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: München


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        27.11.14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Future of Trade Marks in the EU – The Trade Mark Reform Package

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IPR-Center, Markenseminar

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Helsinki


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        15.08.14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The ‘Theory of Everything‘ in IP Law – Impossible Vision or Realistic Prospect?

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CBL Center at NUS, Framing IP in the 21st Century

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Singapur


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        19.06.14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Impact of GC and CJEU Case Law on National Jurisprudence

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ECTA, Annual ECTA-Meeting

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Alicante


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        05.06.14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IP Litigation in Europe – Strategic Choices: Crossborder Enforcement of Unitary Rights

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UNION, Jahrestagung 2014

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Berlin


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        24.04.14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Internet Infringement – which courts are competent to decide in the EU?

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Annual Fordham IP Conference

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Fordham University


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21.03.14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Future of EU Copyright – Selected Views from the Crystal Ball

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Annual Copyright Seminar, Norwegian Copyright Society

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Sandefjord


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        18.02.14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Die Europäische Reform des Markenrechts – Veränderungen im materiellen Recht, Kluwer Law, 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Symposium zum Marken- und Wettbewerbsrecht

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Köln


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        16.11.12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Jurisdiction and Law Applicable to Online Trademark Infringement
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ERA Annual Conference on Trademarks and Designs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Alicante


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        02.11.12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Protection of Graphical User Interfaces by European Design Legislation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Future of Design Protection, Universtity of Indiana, Maurer Law Center/University of Oxford
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Oxford


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        18.10.12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Liability of Intermediaries – Which Law Applies?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ALAI Konferenz 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Kyoto


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        28.07.12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Internet-Related Cross Border Infringement – Trademarks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IP Across Topc Scholarship Conference, CASRIP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Seattle


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        06.06.12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Harmonisation and Unification of Trademark Law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Harmonisation of European IP Law and Frank Gotzen
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort:  Brüssel


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        02.04.12 - 04.04.12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Internationales Verfahrensrecht und Einheitspatent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Il sistema unico di brevetto nell’Unione Europea nella prospettiva italo-tedesca / Das einheitliche Patentsystem der Europäischen Union in der deutsch-italienischen Pespektive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Centro italo-tedesco per l’eccellenza europea / Deutsch-italienisches Centrum für europäische Exzellenz Villa Vigoni
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Menaggio


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        A Comparative Look at the Treatment of Imitations Across IP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EIPIN Konferenz
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: München


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        02.02.12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unitary Rights in the European Union: Past, Present, and Possible Developments
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        70th annual conference of the University of Latvia in the Legal Science: Legal Environment of Innovations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Riga


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        04.11.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ubiquitous infringement in the CLIP Principles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        70th annual conference of the University of Latvia in the Legal Science: Legal Environment of Innovations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: CLIP, Berlin


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        27.10.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The MPI Trade Mark Study
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tavaramerkkipäivä 2011 (Markenrechtsseminar)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Talentum / IPR University Center, Helsinki


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        29.09.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The MPI Trade Mark Study – Overview and Proposals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ITMA autumn seminar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: ITMA (Institute of Trade Mark Attorneys), Birmingham


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20.09.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Does TRIPS call for a rebalancing act? Proposals for reform
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WTO Public Forum, MPI / ICTSD joint workshop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Genf


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        15.09.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Die „Trade Mark Study“ - Überblick und Vorschläge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        GRUR Jahrestagung
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Berlin


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        25.08.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Proposals for Reform of TRIPS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Global Conference on Intellectual Property and Public Policy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Washington College of Law, American University, Washington D.C.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        09.06.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Haftung für Rechtsverletzungen Dritter – Reformbedarf im (europäischen) IPR?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Symposium zum 70. Geburtstag von Rolf Sack
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Universität Mannheim (Prof. McGuire)


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        07.06.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Konsolidierung der Rechtspraxis oder Ausdehnung des Markenschutzes? Die Beurteilung von Adwords in der Rechtsprechung
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vortragsabend Förderverein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Universität Köln (Prof. Steinbeck)


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        31.05.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The MPI Trade Mark Study – summary of results & recommendations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        User meeting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Dänisches Patentamt, Kopenhagen


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        05.05.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Adwords and European Trade Mark Law Reform
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SCCL Seminar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: SCCL (Stockholm Centre of Commercial Law), Universität Stockholm


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        28.04.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The EU Trade Mark Study
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SCCL Seminar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Fordham University, New York


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        21.04.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Trade Mark Study – Overview and Proposals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        AIPPI Baltic Conference
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: AIPPI Landesgruppe Lettland


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11.04.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Trade Mark Study – Overview and Proposals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Briefing on the Study for the European Commission on the trade mark system in Europe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: ERA, Brüssel


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        23.03.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Trade Marks: The Future of the Advertising Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IBIL Brand Seminar
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: University College of London


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        16.03.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Neue Formen von Markenverletzungen – Marken im Internet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Fachtagung asas / IGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Institut für geistiges Eigentum der Schweiz, Zürich


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        13.03.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Contributory liability and PIL- proposed CLIP solution
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CIPIL Spring Conferen PIL and IP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: CIPIL (Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law), Cambridge University


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        24.02.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Trade Mark Reform in Europe – The Trade Mark Study
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EIPIN Tagung
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: CEIPI, Strasbourg


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        01.02.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The “EU Trade Mark Study“ – Harmonisation of Substantive Law, in particular: Scope of Rights & Limitations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NIR Mellankonferens (Frühjahrstagung von NIR)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: NIR (Nordische Vereinigung für gewerblichen Rechtsschutz), Arlanda


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        29.01.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The CLIP Principles – a Summary
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Symposium on International Intellectual Property and Private International Law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Waseda University, Tokyo


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        07.01.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        One size does not fit all
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Global Forum on Intellectual Property
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: IP Academy Singapore


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Enforcing Intellectual Property Rights in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vortrag bei Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights–With a Special Focus on Trademarks and Patents
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Stockholm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: Enforcing Intellectual Property Rights in


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Protection of Well-Known Marks under EU Law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vortrag im Rahmen des "Learned Professors' Symposium", arrangiert von INTA im Zusammenhang mit dem Jahrestreffen der AALS (Association of American Law Schools)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: San Diego


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The European system – a sound approach tailored to the specifics of industrial designs, or overblown and useless?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Distinguished IP Lecture 2009, Pitt Law School, University of Pittsburgh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Pittsburgh


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International Norm-Making in the Field of Intellectual Property: A Shift Towards Maximum Rules
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vortrag (keynote) im Rahmen der International Conference on Innovation and Communication Law, Louisville University
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Louisville
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: International Norm-Making in the Field of Intellectual Property: A Shift Towards Maximum Rules


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Verwechslungsgefahr und Irreführungsgefahr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vortrag im Rahmen der Markenrechtstagung des MPI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Berlin


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Two Tier Protection - Designs and Databases as Models?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vortrag im Rahmen der Tagung "Common Principles of European Intellectual Property Law", Graduiertenkolleg der Unversität Bayreuth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Bayreuth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: Two Tier Protection – Designs and Databases as Models?


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10.05.07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Old Topic, New Concerns? – The Control of Secondary Markets by Asserting IP Rights
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Veranstaltung: Intellectual Property and High Technology Law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Universität Danzig
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: Old Topic, New Concerns? – The Control of Secondary Markets by Asserting IP Rights


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20.04.07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Strategic branding: Does Trade Mark Law Provide for Suffiient Self Help and Self Healing Forces?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Veranstaltung: Intellectual Property and High Technology Law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: College of Europe, Brügge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: Strategic branding: Does Trade Mark Law Provide for Suffiient Self Help and Self Healing Forces?


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        15.03.07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IP in Transition – Proposals for Amendment of TRIPS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Veranstaltung "The IP/competition law intersection: a multi-faced prism"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: LUISS University, Rom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: IP in Transition – Proposals for Amendment of TRIPS


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        08.12.06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Countervailing Considerations. Due Cause, Free Speech and Effective Competition (Anti-Dilution: The Theory and Reality of Extended Trademark Protection in the US and the EU)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Veranstaltung: Intellectual Property and High Technology Law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Engelberg Center / NYU, New York


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        16.11.06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Protection of Geographical Indications in the EU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Trademark Panel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Fordham University, New York


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Amendments to TRIPS – the IPT Project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Yale University, New Haven


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Trademarks and Geographical Indications: The Quibbling Siblings (Comments)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Chicago-Kent College of Law, Chicago


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Future Challenges in the EU - Trade Marks, Trade Names
IP at the Crossroads
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Helsinki


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Towards More Balanced, User-Friendly Paradigms in IP Law. A Project for Reform of TRIPS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ATRIP-Kongress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Parma


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Enforcement of foreign Patents in European Courts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CASRIP-Konferenz
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Seattle


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Community Marks in National Community Courts – a System That’s Fit for the Future?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ECTA-Kongress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Warschau


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Grenzbereiche und Schnittstellen des Marken- und Wettbewerbsrechts bei nationalen und Gemeinschaftsmarken
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Richterakademie Trier


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        19.01.08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IP in transition - proposals for amendment of TRIPS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Hongkong
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: IP in Transition – Proposals for Amendment of TRIPS


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Are there any common European principles of private international law with regard to intellectual property?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort:  Universität Bayreuth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: Are there any common European principles of private international law with regard to intellectual property?


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        International norm-making in the field of intellectual property: A shift towards maximum rules?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Universidad Complutense, Madrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: International norm-making in the field of intellectual property: A shift towards maximum rules?


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Cumulation of rights with regard to 3D shapes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis, Brüssel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: Cumulation of rights with regard to 3D shapes 


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A differentiated approach based on unitary ground - a feasible approach?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: IPR University Center, Helsinki
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: A differentiated approach based on unitary ground – a feasible approach?


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Wettbewerbsrechtlicher Schutz gegen Produktnachahmung und freier Warenverkehr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MPI-Tagung zum Markenrecht
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Berlin


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        European and international intellectual property law - a tour horizon on the state of development of uniform law in the field of intellectual property
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EUI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Fiesole


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Die Rom II-Verordnung und ihre Auswirkungen auf das Markenrecht / The Rome II-Regulation and its impact on trade mark law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        HABM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: Alicante
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: IP in Transition – Proposals for Amendment of TRIPS


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        25.09.07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rechtsprechung und Entscheidungspraxis des EuGH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Richterseminar HABM / BPatG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: München


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        16.06.07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Cumulation of IP Rights Pertaining to Three-Dimensional Items – An "Illegitimate Offspring" of IPR?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Veranstaltung: ATRIP-Konferenz 2007, Buenos Aires
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: ARTRIP, Buenos Aires
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen: Lehrveranstaltungen/courses

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Lehrveranstaltungen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SS 2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Kennzeichenrecht

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: LMU München


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WS 11/12

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Kennzeichenrecht

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: LMU München


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WS 10/11

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        02.11.10- 31.01.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Kennzeichenrecht
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ort: LMU München
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Unterlagen

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Beteiligung an Projekten

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Geistiges Eigentum und Internationales Privatrecht
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Intellectual Property Rights in Transition (mit Universität Stockholm)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Interessenausgleich im Urheberrecht
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Perspektiven des Gemeinschaftsmarkenrechts