Prof. Christoph Antons

Affiliated Research Fellow

Immaterialgüter- und Wettbewerbsrecht
Faculty of Business and Law, Newcastle Law School, University of Newcastle

christoph.antons(at)newcastle.edu.au

Arbeitsbereiche:

IP in Asia

Wissenschaftlicher Werdegang

Born 6 May 1957 in Mönchengladbach. 1983 First German State Examination in Law (Rhineland Palatinate). 1986 Second German State Examination in Law (Bavaria). 1988 Magister-Zwischenprüfung (Southeast Asian Studies & Art History, University of Passau). 1995 Dr. jur. (University of Amsterdam). 1987-1992 Research Fellow (Stiftung Volkswagenwerk and Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law). 1992-1996 Lecturer (Griffith University, Brisbane and La Trobe University, Melbourne). 1997-2001 Senior Lecturer (La Trobe University, Melbourne and Northern Territory University, Darwin). 2002-2003 Associate Professor (Northern Territory University, Darwin). 2003-2011 Professor of Comparative Law (University of Wollongong). Since 2011 Chair in Law (Deakin University, Melbourne).

Ehrungen und wissenschaftliche Preise

Seit 2016: International co-investigator and project board member, ‘Intangible cultural heritage, intellectual property and the 2003 UNESCO Convention: mapping the terrain’, Coventry University, UK

Seit 2016: Sole investigator of Australian Research Council Discovery Project ‘Building an Intellectual Property System: The Indonesian Experience’

2016: Project leader of Deakin University International Research Development grant ‘FAO and UNESCO approaches to agricultural heritage and biodiversity conservation in developing Asia and Africa’

Seit 2013: Senior Associate, Centre for Indonesian Law, Islam and Society (CILIS), University of Melbourne, Australia

2013: Chief Investigator, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation; Project Leader, Australian Research Council Discovery project 'Intangible Cultural Heritage Across Borders: Laws, Structures and Strategies in China and its ASEAN Neighbours'; Senior Associate, Centre for Indonesian Law, Islam and Society, Faculty of Law, University of Melbourne; Senior Fellow, Center for Development Research, University of Bonn; International Research Fellowship 2013-2014, Faculty of Business and Law, Deakin University, Melbourne

Seit 2012: Senior Fellow, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany

Seit 2011: Program Committee Member, Annual International Conference on Law, Regulations and Public Policy, Global Science and Technology Forum (GSTF), Singapore

Seit 2011: Associate Member, International Academy of Comparative Law

Seit 2011: Editorial Board Member, Global Science and Technology Forum: Journal of Law and Social Sciences

Seit 2009: Scientific Partner, Research Project on International Trade in Indigenous Cultural Heritage: Legal and Policy Issues, Prof. C.B. Graber, University of Lucerne, funded by the Swiss National Science Council

2009: Visiting Scholar, Stanford Law School, Palo Alto, USA

2008: Honorary Senior Fellow, Faculty of Law, University of Melbourne, Australia

2008: External partner of "e-Diversity: The Legal Protection of Cultural Diversity in a Digital Networked Environment", project of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR), University of Lucerne, Switzerland

2007: Honorary Senior Fellow, Faculty of Law, University of Melbourne, Australia

Seit 2006: Associated Researcher, Intellectual Property: Knowledge, Culture and Economy, Faculty of Law, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

2005-2016: Chief Investigator, ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation; Partner Investigator, ARC Asia Pacific Futures Network and ARC Governance Research Network

2005: Senior Fellow (Postgraduate Program), University of Melbourne, Australia

2004: Visiting Professor, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

2002-2008: Queen Elizabeth Fellow, Australian Research Council (ARC)

2001: Visiting Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Private Law, Hamburg, Germany

2000-2001: Visiting Research Fellow, Graduate School of International Development, Nagoya, Japan

Seit 1999: Editorial Board, The Australian Journal of Asian Law

1998: Schlössmann Award of the Max Planck Society

1997-2004: Visiting Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, Munich, Germany

1997-1998: Visiting Exchange Fellow, International Institute for Asian Studies, Leiden, Netherlands

1996 und 1999: Visiting Lecturer, University of Surabaya, Indonesia

Member of the Law Association of Asia and the Pacific (LAWASIA), the Australian Network on Japanese Law (ANJeL) and the Advisory Committee of The Australian Journal of Asian Law

Publikationen

Herausgeberschaften

Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage (Key Issues in Cultural Heritage), Routledge, London and New York 2018, XIII + 263 S. (gemeinsam mit William Logan).

    Routledge Handbook of Asian Law, Routledge, London; New York 2017, XIV + 431 S.

    Intellectual property and free trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 24), Springer, Berlin 2015, VIII + 438 S. (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty).

      Law and Society in East Asia (The Library of Essays on Law in East Asia), Ashgate, Farnham/Surrey-Burlington/VT 2013, 660 S. (gemeinsam mit Roman Tomasic).

      The enforcement of intellectual property rights: comparative perspectives from the Asia-Pacific region (Max Planck series on Asian intellectual property law, 15), Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn 2011, 382 S.

        Traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expressions and intellectual property law in the Asia-Pacific region (Max Planck Series on Asian Intellectual Property Law, 14), Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn [u.a.] 2009, XX + 394 S.

          Globalisation and Resistance: Law Reform in Asia since the Crisis (Oñati International Series in Law and Society), Hart, Oxford 2007, X + 316 S. (gemeinsam mit Volkmar Gessner).

            Intellectual Property Harmonisation within ASEAN and APEC (Max Planck series on Asian intellectual property law, 10), Kluwer Law International, The Hague 2004, XXIII + 247 S. (gemeinsam mit Christopher Heath, Michael Blakeney).

              Law and development in East and Southeast Asia (RoutledgeCurzon-IIAS Asian studies series), RoutledgeCurzon, London; New York 2003, 387 S.

              • Re-published in electronic format by Taylor & Francis in March 2007

              Monographien und andere selbständige Publikationen

              Intellectual Property Laws in Indonesia (Max Planck series on Asian intellectual property law, 2), Kluwer Law International, London 2000, XXIV + 414 S.

                Beiträge in Sammelwerken, Kommentierungen, Handbüchern und Lexika

                Farmers as Researchers: Government Regulation of Farmers' Local Knowledge in Indonesia, in: Michael Blakeney, Kadambot H. M. Siddique (Hg.), Local Knowledge, Intellectual Property and Agricultural Innovation, Springer, Singapore 2020, 117 - 151 (gemeinsam mit Yunita T. Winarto et al.). DOI

                • This chapter examines the international and national legal frameworks that have fostered the current situation with regards to seeds and local agricultural knowledge in Indonesia. Case studies show how such frameworks are impacting on the practices of farmers and how farmers are dealing with this impact and are developing self-help-mechanisms. It will be argued that standardised regulatory approaches ignore the considerable contribution and innovative nature of local farming practices, which still contribute about 70% of the food produced in the world. The penultimate section of the chapter discusses the changes that can be expected from the new Draft Law on the Sustainable Agricultural Cultivation System. The chapter concludes by pointing to the important influence of two key aspects of the political reformation process in Indonesian society after the end of the military backed Suharto government: decentralization policies which have been beneficial for local councils and NGOs working on rural issues and the creation of a Constitutional Court, which has issued progressive decisions in cases concerning indigenous peoples and farmers. However, while proposed law reform follows the lead of the judiciary, it also reclaims some of the discretionary powers for the bureaucracy and creates new burdens for farmers.

                Intellectual property in plant material and Free Trade Agreements in Asia, in: Kung-Chung Liu, Julien Chaisse (Hg.), The Future of Asian Trade Deals and IP, Hart Publishing, Oxford 2019, 229 - 256.

                  Cultural and intellectual property in cross-border disputes over intangible cultural heritage, in: Christoph Antons, William Logan (Hg.), Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage, Routledge, London and New York 2018, 67 - 88 (gemeinsam mit Lisa Rogers).

                    Intellectual and Cultural Property and the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, in: Christoph Antons, William Logan (Hg.), Intellectual Property, Cultural Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage, Routledge, London and New York 2018, 1 - 17 (gemeinsam mit William Logan).

                      Biodiversity, Intangible Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property, in: Charles R. McCanis, Burton Ong (Hg.), The Routledge Handbook on Biodiversity and the Law, Routledge, London and New York 2018, 313 - 325.

                        Copyright Law in Indonesia: From a Hybrid to an Endogenous System?, in: John Gilchrist, Brian Fitzgerald (Hg.), Copyright, Property and the Social Contract - The Reconceptualisation of Copyright, Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London 2018, 73 - 88. DOI

                        • Indonesia’s copyright system has its roots in the Dutch colonial period, but has been thoroughly changed since the introduction of the country’s first own copyright law in 1982. While initial reforms still showed the influence of the Dutch copyright tradition, increasingly principles derived from Anglo-American copyright literature came to be included. Further parts of the legislation relate to specific domestic concerns, thus leading to a hybrid model of different copyright traditions with specific Indonesian features. However, Indonesia stands not only between different copyright traditions, but is also seeking to balance an assertive position as a strong player in copyright and the creative industries with a traditional feeling of relative insecurity with regards to foreign derived laws protecting intellectual property.

                        Intellectual Property in Asia: ASEAN, East Asia, and India, in: Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss, Justine Pila (Hg.), The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Property Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2018, 348 - 377. DOI

                        • This chapter covers parts of Asia where there have been very significant recent developments in intellectual property (IP) law. IP reform in the region was initially driven by the concerns of industrialized countries about the lack of IP protection in Asian “miracle” economies. More recently, it has become an important topic in free trade and economic partnership agreement negotiations. The developments in the individual countries are discussed in the context of an “Asian development model,” which has often combined short and generalized laws with numerous implementing decrees and administrative discretion. This has allowed for the selective adaptation of IP models from elsewhere, with some countries now strongly promoting higher IP standards to their regional neighbors. However, different historical pathways to development and local circumstances suggest that it is difficult to develop regional role models for others or to explain differences about IP exclusively with the divide between “developed” and “developing” countries.

                        The Construction of Ethnicity in Colonial Law and its Legacy: The Example of the Peranakan Chinese in Indonesia, in: Christoph Antons (Hg.), The Routledge Handbook of Asian Law, Routledge, London; New York 2017, 398 - 419 (gemeinsam mit Rosy Antons-Sutanto).

                          The Regulation of Innovation in Agriculture and Sustainable Development in India and Southeast Asia, in: Christoph Antons (Hg.), The Routledge Handbook of Asian Law, Routledge, London; New York 2017, 287 - 309 (gemeinsam mit Rajeswari Kanniah).

                            Legal and Cultural Landscapes: Cultural and Intellectual Property Concepts and the 'Safeguarding' of Intangible Cultural Heritage, in: Christoph Antons (Hg.), The Routledge Handbook of Asian Law, Routledge, London; New York 2017, 250 - 268.

                              What is 'Asian Law'? Asia in Law, the Humanities and Social Sciences, in: Christoph Antons (Hg.), The Routledge Handbook of Asian Law, Routledge, London; New York 2017, 3 - 27.

                                Geographical Indications, Heritage, and Decentralization Policies: The Case of Indonesia, in: Irene Calboli, Ng-Loy Wee Loon (Hg.), Geographical Indications at the Crossroads of Trade, Development and Culture: Focus on Asia-Pacific, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2017, 485 - 507.

                                  Article 27(3)(b) TRIPS and Plant Variety Protection in Developing Countries, in: Hanns Ullrich et al. (Hg.), TRIPS plus 20 - From Trade Rules to Market Principles (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 25), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2016, 389 - 414. DOI

                                  • In comparison with industrialised countries, agriculture in developing countries accounts for a substantial share of GDP and involves a substantial sector of small-holders and traditional agriculturalists. In view of these differences, the biotechnology clause of Article 27.3.b TRIPS with its requirement of plant variety protection either by patents or an effective sui generis system or a combination of the two has been controversial. However, developing countries have made surprisingly little use of the freedom to design their own systems in this field. Instead, there has been a surge in UPOV membership among developing countries and some have gone as far as introducing patent protection for plant varieties. Such countries now have to consider the same exclusions and exceptions to patenting that are normally discussed in countries with much more advanced biotechnology industries. The chapter examines the scope for the use of orde public considerations under Article 27.2 TRIPS, of exceptions for research and experimental purposes under Article 30 TRIPS, compulsory licensing under Article 31 TRIPS as well as the advantages of a specific breeding exemption and it briefly comments on the various sui generis options. While liberal interpretations of the TRIPS exceptions remain possible, the chapter concludes that the majority of developing countries will be better off in more creatively using the freedom to develop sui generis systems suitable for their local conditions rather than struggling to introduce TRIPS conform limited exceptions’ to patent protection for plant varieties.

                                  Introduction: IP and the Asia-Pacific 'Spaghetti Bowl' of Free Trade Agreements, in: Christoph Antons, Reto M. Hilty (Hg.), Intellectual Property and Free Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region ( MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 24), Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London 2015, 1 - 23 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty). DOI

                                  • The contributions to this book show the strategies and policies of countries in the Asia-Pacific region that have to grapple with international standard setting in what has been called the ‘spaghetti bowl’ of criss-crossing free trade agreements. The chapters show how intellectual property is just one among many political and economic factors that are used in trade off discussions. It leads to an often considerable further raising of IP standards in those countries that agree to higher protection levels, often for reasons that have little to do with the provision of incentives for technological progress. A more nuanced picture of IP protection in Asia shows the different interests of high protection countries, ‘first’ and ‘second tier’ newly industrialized and industrializing countries and the rather peculiar position of Australia and New Zealand. The chapter introduces the contributions to this volume according to these various groups of countries and of international law and the political economy of the region.

                                  An Overview of Free Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region with a Particular Focus on Intellectual Property, in: Christoph Antons, Reto M. Hilty (Hg.), Intellectual Property and Free Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 24), Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London 2015, 27 - 53 (gemeinsam mit Dilan Thampapillai). DOI

                                  • This chapter provides an overview of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region. It examines the multiple interpretations of the ‘Asia-Pacific’ and asks about the usefulness of this concept as a focus of comparison. It explains the political and economic background of concluded agreements, the negotiations in progress and the formation of regional clusters of FTAs, and also shows the enormous differences in IP content in the various agreements. With the exception of Japan, Asia-Pacific countries appear as relatively reluctant converts to higher IP standards. Even the industrialized economies of the region that had to increase their IP standards after agreements with the US, EU or Japan do not necessarily impose the same standards on regional neighbours. Instead, ‘soft diplomacy’ in IP matters is important to countries in the region, as is new subject matter for intellectual property protection such as traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions.

                                  Epistemic communities and the "people without history": the contribution of intellectual property law to the ‘safeguarding’ of intangible cultural heritage, in: Irene Calboli, Srividhya Ragavan (Hg.), Diversity in Intellectual Property: Identities, Interests and Intersections, Cambridge University Press, New York 2015, 453 - 471.

                                    Introduction: Law Reform and Legal Change, in: Christoph Antons, Roman Tomasic (Hg.), Law and Society in East Asia (The Library of Essays on Law in East Asia), Ashgate, Farnham/Surrey-Burlington/VT 2013, XI - XXXIII.

                                      Harmonisation and selective adaption as intellectual property policies in Asia, in: Intellectual Property Rights - Prospects for Development, Adolat, Tashkent 2012, 73 - 104.

                                      • Event: Systematik des gewerblichen Rechtsschutzes in der EU - Problemstellungen und Entwicklungsperspektiven im Bereich des gewerblichen Rechtsschutzes, Tashkent, 2012-04-25

                                      Intellectual Property Rights in Indigenous Cultural Heritage: Basic Concepts and Continuing Controversies, in: Christoph Beat Graber, Karolina Kuprecht, Jessica Christine Lai (Hg.), International Trade in Indigenous Cultural Heritage - Legal and Policy Issues, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2012, 144 - 174.

                                        Patent enforcement in Indonesia, in: Reto M. Hilty, Chung-Kung Liu (Hg.), The Enforcement of Patents - comparing the Asian, European and American Experiences (Max Planck Series of Asian Intellectual Property Law, 16), Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn 2012, 215 - 231.

                                          From Magic Charms to Symbols of Wealth: Well-known Trade Marks in Indonesia, in: Andrew T. Kenyon, Megan Richardson, Ng-Loy Wee Loon (Hg.), The Law of Reputation and Brands in the Asia Pacific (Cambridge Intellectual Property and Information Law, 16), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2012, 142 - 155.

                                            The Intellectual Property Jurisdiction of the Indonesian Commercial Court, in: Christoph Antons (Hg.), The Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights - Comparative Perspectives from the Asia-Pacific Region, Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn 2011, 361 - 380.

                                              Introduction, in: Christoph Antons (Hg.), The Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights - Comparative Perspectives from the Asia-Pacific Region, Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn 2011, 1 - 20.

                                                Initiatives on IP Enforcement beyond TRIPS: The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement and the International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Task Force, in: Christoph Antons (Hg.), The Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights - Comparative Perspectives from the Asia-Pacific Region, Kluwer Law International, Alphen aan den Rijn 2011, 125 - 159 (gemeinsam mit Gabriel Garcia).

                                                  Copyright Law Reform and the Information Society in Indonesia, in: Brian Fitzgerald et al. (Hg.), Copyright Law, Digital Content and the Internet in the Asia-Pacific, University Press, Sydney 2008, 235 - 255.

                                                    Traditional Cultural Expressions and Their Significance for Development in a Digital Environment: Examples from Australia and Southeast Asia, in: Christoph Beat Graber, Mira Burri-Nenova (Hg.), Intellectual Property and Traditional Cultural Expressions in a Digital Environment, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2008, 287 - 301.

                                                      Law Reform in the “Developmental States” of Asia – From the Asian Crisis to September 11, 2001, and Beyond, in: Christoph Antons, Volkmar Gessner (Hg.), Globalisation and Resistance. Law Reform in Asia Since the Crisis (Onati International Séries in Law and Society), Hart Publishing, Oxford 2007, 81 - 104.

                                                        Faire des affaires en Indonésie: exécution des contrats par les tribunaux ordinaires et création d'un tribunal de commerce spécialisé dans la propriété intellectuelle et les faillites, in: Judith Gibson, Bertrand du Marais (Hg.), Réformes du droit économique et développement en Asie - Enseignements da la Chine, de l'Indonésie et de la la Thaïlande, La Documentation Française, Paris 2007, 73 - 90.

                                                          Introduction, in: Christoph Antons, Volker Gessner (Hg.), Globalisation and Resistance. Law Reform in Asia Since the Crisis, Hart Publishing, Oxford 2007, 1 - 24 (gemeinsam mit Volker Gessner).

                                                            Traditional knowledge and intellectual property rights in Australia and Southeast Asia, in: Christopher Heath, Anselm Kamperman Sanders (Hg.), New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law. IP and Cultural Heritage, Geographical Indications, Enforcement, Overprotection (IIC studies, 25), Hart, Oxford 2005, 37 - 51.

                                                              Specialised Intellectual Property Courts in Southeast Asia, in: „… und sie bewegt sich doch!“ – Patent Law on the Move –Festschrift für Gert Kolle und Dieter Stauder zum 65. Geburtstag, Heymanns, Köln 2005, 287 - 299.

                                                                Folklore Protection in Australia - Who is expert in Aboriginal tradition?, in: Elke Kurz-Milcke, Gerd Gigerenzer (Hg.), Experts in Science and Society, Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York 2004, 85 - 103.

                                                                  Aufsätze

                                                                  Farmer-Plant-Breeders and the Law on Java, Indonesia, Critical Asian Studies 52, 4 (2020), 589 - 609 (gemeinsam mit Yunita T. Winarto, Adlinanur F. Prihandiani). DOI

                                                                  • In the last two decades, some Javanese rice farmers have learned to be plant breeders with the help of Farmer Field Schools for Participatory Plant Breeding. However, they have experienced problems with seed and intellectual property laws primarily focused on the strengthening of the seed industry and compliance with development plans. A number of farmers have been prosecuted for experimenting with seeds, prompting a partly successful challenge to relevant provisions in Indonesia’s Constitutional Court. Subsequent legislative changes have restored some farmers’ rights, but also brought new reporting requirements and limitations. Using James Scott’s concept of “transformative state simplifications,” this article shows that legal challenges to regulations are just one strategy of self-help. The political reform process and possibility for constitutional challenges have opened up space for debates about how farmers can benefit from laws that seek to regulate their cultivars. The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and other developments are likely to intensify discussions about what precisely various laws mean by their encouragement of “small farmer varieties,” “food sovereignty,” and a “sustainable agricultural cultivation system.”

                                                                  Well-known trade marks, foreign investment and local industry: A comparison of China and Indonesia, Deakin Law Review 20, 2 (2015), 185 - 219 (gemeinsam mit Kui Hua Wang).

                                                                  • Strengthened protection for well-known trade marks in accordance with the TRIPS Agreement is an important issue for developing countries, which has led to trade pressures from industrialised nations in the past. 'Trade mark squatting', referring to the registration in bad faith of foreign well-known marks in order to sell them back to their original owners, is a much discussed phenomenon in this context. This article outlines the history and development of well-known trade marks and the applicable law in China and Indonesia. It looks not just at foreign and international brands subjected to 'trade mark squatting', but also at how local enterprises are using the system. Rather remarkably in view of the countries' turbulent histories, local well-known marks have a long history and are well respected for their range of products. They are not normally affected by the 'trade mark squatting' phenomenon and are rarely the subject of disputes. Enhanced protection under the TRIPS Agreement is especially relevant for international brands and the article shows the approaches in the two countries. In China, government incentives assist the proliferation of nationally well-known and locally 'famous' marks. In Indonesia, lack of implementing legislation has left the matter of recognition to the discretion of the courts.

                                                                  Asian Borderlands and the Legal Protection of Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions, Modern Asian Studies 47, 4 (2013), 1 - 31. DOI

                                                                    At the crossroads: The legal protection of traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expressions and cultural heritage in Southeast Asia, Law in Context 29, 1 (2013), 74 - 94.

                                                                      The Germania 3 decision translated: The quotation exception before the German Constitutional Court, EIPR 35, 11 (2013), 646 - 657 (gemeinsam mit Elizabeth Adeney).

                                                                        A Critical Juncture for Intellectual Property, Australasian Science 33, 8 (2012), 4.

                                                                          Geographies of Knowledge: Cultural Diffusion and the Regulation of Heritage and Traditional Knowledge - Cultural Expressions in Southeast Asia, The WIPO Journal 4 (2012), 76 - 84.

                                                                            Plant variety protection and traditional agricultural knowledge in Southeast Asia, The Australian Journal of Asian Law 13, 1 (2012), 1 - 23 (gemeinsam mit Rajeswari Kanniah).

                                                                              Sui Generis Protection for Plant Varieties and Traditional Knowledge in Biodiversity and Agriculture - the International Framework and National Approaches in the Philippines and India, Indian Journal of Law and Technology 6 (2010), 89 - 139.

                                                                                Appreciating Different Knowledge Systems - Collaboration Needed to Promote Traditional Knowledge, Sangsaeng 27 (2010), 44 - 46.

                                                                                  The role of traditional knowledge and access to genetic resources in biodiversity conservation in Southeast Asia, Biodiversity and Conservation 19, 4 (2010), 1189 - 1204.

                                                                                    The recognition and protection of well-known trade marks in Indonesia, Journal of intellectual property law & practice 3, 3 (2008), 185 - 193.

                                                                                      National Bans for You Tube: The Debate in Thailand in comparison with India, Turkey and Germany, Computer law review international 9, 1 (2008), 1 - 6.

                                                                                        Traditional knowledge, biological resources and intellectual property rights in Asia: The example of the Philippines, Forum of International Development Studies 34 (2007), 1 - 18.

                                                                                          Sui Generis Protection for Plant Varieties and Traditional Agricultural Knowledge: The example of India, EIPR 29, 12 (2007), 480 - 485.

                                                                                            Courting Kazaa - Judicial Approaches Towards P2P Networks in the US and Australia, Computer law review international 7, 3 (2006), 70 - 76.

                                                                                              Stellungnahmen

                                                                                              Doing Business in Indonesia: Enforcement of contracts in the general courts and the creation of a specialized Commercial Court for intellectual property and bankruptcy cases., 2007, 27 S.

                                                                                                Vorträge

                                                                                                09.12.19

                                                                                                Agricultural transformation and governement regulation of farmers' local knowledge in Indonesia - Mitarbeiterseminar

                                                                                                Ort: Newcastle Law School, Faculty of Business and Law, University of New Castle, UK


                                                                                                15.11.19

                                                                                                Intellectual property in Biodiversity, Agriculture and Free Trade Agreements - Business Innovation & Technology Commercialization Center (BITCOM)

                                                                                                Ort: Technische Universität MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia


                                                                                                13.11.19

                                                                                                Intangible cultural heritage, intellectual property and the politics of development

                                                                                                Ort: Juristische Fakultät, Technische Universität MARA, Shah Alam


                                                                                                12.11.19

                                                                                                Intellectual Property and Indigenous Peoples

                                                                                                Ort: Juristische Fakultät, Technische Universität MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia


                                                                                                27.09.19

                                                                                                Agricultural transformation and government regulation of farmers' local knowledge in Indonesia - 4th Annual Conference of the Law and Development Research Network (LDRN)

                                                                                                Ort: Humboldt Universität, Berlin, Deutschland


                                                                                                23.09.19

                                                                                                Intangible cultural heritage, intellectual property and the politics of development - öffentliches Seminar

                                                                                                Ort: Coventry University, London Campus, UK


                                                                                                15.07.19

                                                                                                Dampak dari Free Trade Agreements dan reformasi hukum nasional terhadap inovasi dan pengetahuan lokal petani di Indonesia: masalah regulasi

                                                                                                Workshop in "The Impact of Free Trade Agreements and national law reforms on farmers' innovation and local knowledge in Indonesia"
                                                                                                Ort: University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesien


                                                                                                21.05.19

                                                                                                Intellectual property, cultural property and intangible cultural heritage

                                                                                                Präsentation an der Rechtswissenschafliche Fakultät
                                                                                                Ort: Singapore Management University, Singapur


                                                                                                16.05.19

                                                                                                Intellectual property and agriculture

                                                                                                Präsentation an der Juristischen Fakultät
                                                                                                Ort: Technische Universität MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia


                                                                                                09.18

                                                                                                Intellectual property, agriculture and Free Trade Agreements

                                                                                                Public lecture presented at the Faculty of Law
                                                                                                Ort: Gadjah Mada University, Jakarta Campus, Indonesia


                                                                                                09.18

                                                                                                Intellectual property and the business of intangible cultural heritage in Asia

                                                                                                Cross-border disputes and community concerns, paper presented at the 4th Biennial Conference of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies
                                                                                                Ort: Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China


                                                                                                08.18

                                                                                                Intellectual property related to plant material and Free Trade Agreements in Asia

                                                                                                Keynote presentation, 2nd International Conference on Law, Governance and Globalization
                                                                                                Ort: Faculty of Law, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia


                                                                                                07.18

                                                                                                Legal Pluralism and Minority Rights: The Example of the Peranakan Chinese in Indonesia

                                                                                                With Rosy Antons-Sutanto; paper presented at the Asian Studies Association of Australia 2018 Conference
                                                                                                Ort: University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia


                                                                                                04.18

                                                                                                Intellectual property related to plant material and Free Trade Agreements in Asia

                                                                                                Invited seminar presentation at the Workshop on Institutions and Socio-Economic Development, Faculty of Business and Law
                                                                                                Ort: University of Newcastle, Australia


                                                                                                03.18

                                                                                                Researching commercial law in the context of development policies: Methodological considerations

                                                                                                Invited seminar presentation, Higher Degree by Research (HDR) seminar
                                                                                                Ort: Newcastle Law School, University of Newcastle, Australia


                                                                                                11.12.17

                                                                                                Copyright Law Reform and Asian Development

                                                                                                Invited seminar presentation, Applied Research Centre for Intellectual Assets and the Law in Asia, School of Law, Singapore Management University
                                                                                                Ort: Singapore


                                                                                                08.12.17

                                                                                                Intellectual Property Related to Plant Material and Free Trade Agreements in Asia

                                                                                                Invited presentation at the conference ‘The Future of Asian Trade Deals and IP’, Applied Research Centre for Intellectual Assets and the Law in Asia, School of Law, Singapore Management University, Singapore
                                                                                                Ort: Singapore


                                                                                                07.11.17

                                                                                                Intellectual Property Law Reform and Asian Development

                                                                                                Keynote presentation at the 3rd Higher Degree by Research (HDR) Colloquium, Faculty of Business and Law
                                                                                                Ort: University of Newcastle, Australia


                                                                                                30.10.17

                                                                                                Copyright Law Reform and Asian Development

                                                                                                Keynote presentation at the 3rd Annual Asia Pacific Copyright Association Conference

                                                                                                Ort: University of Technology Sydney, Australia


                                                                                                01.08.17

                                                                                                Hak atas kekayaan intelektual dan warisan tak benda (Intellectual property rights and intangible cultural heritage)

                                                                                                Public lecture at the Faculty of Law, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

                                                                                                Ort: Surabaya, Indonesia


                                                                                                22.05.17

                                                                                                Developing evidence-based approaches to law reform in postcolonial societies: lessons from international and comparative law research

                                                                                                with Amy Maguire; presentation at the Symposium on Evidence-Based Law and Practice, Newcastle Law School, University of Newcastle, Australia

                                                                                                Ort: Newcastle, Australia


                                                                                                15.09.16

                                                                                                Cross-border implications of intellectual and cultural property in intangible cultural heritage

                                                                                                Invited seminar at the International Islamic University Malaysia, Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws

                                                                                                Ort: Kuala Lumpur


                                                                                                19.10.15

                                                                                                Intangible Cultural Heritage Across Borders

                                                                                                Law School Research Forum

                                                                                                Ort: Deakin University, Melbourne


                                                                                                26.09.15

                                                                                                Intellectual property rights in indigenous and local knowledge in emerging resource management regimes

                                                                                                The role of traditional culture/knowledge in food and agriculture systems

                                                                                                Ort: Monash University, Melbourne


                                                                                                16.04.15

                                                                                                Intellectual and cultural property in Indonesia’s intangible cultural heritage claims and their cross-border implications

                                                                                                Intangible Cultural Heritage Across Borders: Laws, Structures and Strategies in China and its ASEAN Neighbours

                                                                                                Ort: Deakin University, Melbourne


                                                                                                03.06.15

                                                                                                Geographical indications in the context of Indonesian decentralisation policies

                                                                                                Geographical Indications at the Crossroads of Trade, Development and Culture in Asia-Pacific

                                                                                                Ort: Centre for Asian Legal Studies, Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore, Singapur


                                                                                                19.11.14

                                                                                                Hubungan warisan tak benda dengan hukum milik intelektual (The relationship of intangible cultural heritage with intellectual property law)

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at a seminar of the Faculty of Law

                                                                                                Ort: University of Indonesia, Jakarta


                                                                                                17.11.14

                                                                                                Intellectual property, cultural property and intangible cultural heritage

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at a seminar of the Faculty of Law

                                                                                                Ort: Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


                                                                                                23.10.14

                                                                                                Intellectual and cultural property in discourses about intangible cultural heritage

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at a seminar of the Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law

                                                                                                Ort: University of Cambridge


                                                                                                17.09.14

                                                                                                Well-known trade marks in developing countries: Basic principles and examples from Indonesia

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the IP Meeting

                                                                                                Ort: School of Law, Australian Catholic University, Sydney


                                                                                                10.06.14

                                                                                                Globalisation and Resistance: Law Reform Processes in Asia

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at a seminar of the School of Law

                                                                                                Ort: Charles Darwin University, Darwin


                                                                                                15.04.14

                                                                                                Plant Variety Protection and Farmers’ IP Rights

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the Workshop 'TRIPS '94 +20: Beyond Trade Rules

                                                                                                Ort: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Munich


                                                                                                06.01.14

                                                                                                Linking Cultural Expressions and the Environment in Cross-Border Disputes About Intangible Cultural Heritage in Southeast Asia

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the conference on 'Cultural Heritage: Environment, Ecology and Inter-Asian Interactions'

                                                                                                Ort: Nalanda University, Rajgir, India


                                                                                                02.08.13

                                                                                                Globalisation and Resistance: Law reform in Asia

                                                                                                Invited paper presented in the Research Seminar Series

                                                                                                Ort: School of Law, Deakin University, Melbourne


                                                                                                17.04.13

                                                                                                Heritage and traditional knowledge: The approaches of WIPO and UNESCO and their impact on national laws

                                                                                                Invited paper

                                                                                                Ort: Jindal Global Law School, Sonipat, Haryana, India


                                                                                                18.03.13

                                                                                                Intellectual Property in Myanmar

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the Australia Myanmar Institute Inaugural Conference "Progress, Opportunities and Concerns in Myanmar's Transition"

                                                                                                Ort: Melbourne


                                                                                                27.01.13

                                                                                                Innovations in IP Teaching in Australia

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the Workshop on Innovations in Indian IP Teaching and Research National Law University Delhi / National Academy of Law Teachers / School of Law, University of Washington / WB National University of Juridical Sciences

                                                                                                Ort: Kolkata / Delhi, India


                                                                                                09.01.13

                                                                                                Between state, community and market: The emerging plant variety protection systems of ASEAN countries

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at a seminar of the Center for Development Research

                                                                                                Ort: University of Bonn


                                                                                                15.12.12 
                                                                                                Between state, community and market: Balancing intellectual property rights and traditional agricultural knowledge in emerging plant variety protection systems in Southeast Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the conference on "Searching for the Boundaries of Intellectual Property Law"
                                                                                                Law and Technology Centre, Faculty of Law, University of Hong Kong / Intellectual Property Law Center, Drake University Law School / Institute for Internet Law
                                                                                                Ort:  Peking University, Hong Kong 


                                                                                                11.12.12 
                                                                                                Internet related laws and freedom of expression in selected Asian jurisdictions
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the international workshop on "Internet Freedom and the Law in Asia"
                                                                                                ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation / Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law / Faculty of Law, Australian Catholic University / Alfred Deakin Research Institute / School of Law
                                                                                                Ort: Deakin University, Melbourne


                                                                                                01.11.12
                                                                                                Geographies of Knowledge: Cultural Diffusion and the Regulation of Traditional Knowledge in Southeast Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the international workshop on "Intellectual Property and Cultural Property: Rights Discourses in the Asia-Pacific Region"
                                                                                                ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation / Cultural Heritage Centre for Asia and the Pacific / Alfred Deakin Research Institute / School of Law
                                                                                                Ort: Deakin University, Melbourne


                                                                                                25.10.12
                                                                                                Electronic rights in academic publishing: A researcher’s perspective
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the Symposium on "Open Scholarship: Research and Publication"
                                                                                                Ort: Deakin University, Melbourne


                                                                                                01.08.12
                                                                                                Legal Publishing in Australia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the 31st Annual Congress of the International Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property (ATRIP)
                                                                                                Ort: IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, Chicago


                                                                                                12.07.12
                                                                                                Semua bisa diatur? – Legal informality, intellectual property and the creative industries in Indonesia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the 19th Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Association of Australia
                                                                                                Ort: University of Western Sydney, Paramatt


                                                                                                11.03.12
                                                                                                The protection of well-known trade marks in an Asian developing country: The example of Indonesia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented in the Research Seminar Series
                                                                                                Ort: School of Law, Deakin University, Melbourne


                                                                                                30.05.11
                                                                                                At the crossroads: The protection of traditional knowledge and cultural heritage in Southeast Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the 3rd Annual Conference on Innovation and Communications Law, hosted by La Trobe University
                                                                                                Ort: School of Law, Melbourne Business School


                                                                                                17.01.11
                                                                                                International trade in indigenous cultural heritage: The intellectual property perspective
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the international workshop on "International Trade in Indigenous Cultural Heritage: Legal and Policy Perspectives"
                                                                                                Ort: University of Lucerne


                                                                                                12.01.11
                                                                                                Ethnicity, national symbolism and the regulation of traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions in Asia
                                                                                                Invited presentation at the Center for Development Research
                                                                                                Ort: University of Bonn


                                                                                                14.12.10
                                                                                                The regulation of traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions in Southeast Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the workshop on "Recent Developments in Intellectual Property Law in Southeast Asia"
                                                                                                Centre for Comparative Law and Development Studies in Asia and the Pacific, University of Wollongong, in cooperation with the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation (CCI) and the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law
                                                                                                Ort: Munich


                                                                                                09.12.10
                                                                                                International Treaties and National Responses in Copyright Legislation in Asia and Australia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the Media Regulation and the Risk Society Workshop
                                                                                                Ort: Institute for Social Transformation Research, University of Wollongong


                                                                                                12.11.10
                                                                                                IP in Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the CCI Symposium
                                                                                                ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation
                                                                                                Ort: Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne


                                                                                                06.11.10
                                                                                                Asian borderlands and the legal protection of traditional knowledge
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the 2nd International Conference of the Asian Borderlands Research Network
                                                                                                Ort: Chiang Mai


                                                                                                08.09.10
                                                                                                Ethnicity, national symbolism and the regulation of traditional cultural expressions in Asia
                                                                                                Invited seminar presentation
                                                                                                Ort: Institute for Social Transformation Research, University of Wollongong


                                                                                                31.08.10
                                                                                                Ethnicity, national symbolism and the regulation of traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions in Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at a seminar of the Regulatory Institutions Network (RegNet)
                                                                                                Ort: College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra


                                                                                                26.07.10
                                                                                                Intellectual property rights to indigenous and local knowledge in emerging resource management regimes
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the Australia-Netherlands Research Collaboration Workshop on "Indigenous peoples and natural resource management: Towards new forms of governance"
                                                                                                Ort: Seminyak, Bali


                                                                                                25.06.10
                                                                                                From Magic Charm to Symbols of Wealth: Well-known Trade Marks in Indonesia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the IPRIA-NUS-IPA Research Symposium on The New Law of Brands & Reputation in the Asia-Pacific Rim
                                                                                                Ort: Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore


                                                                                                28.05.10
                                                                                                Intellectual Property, Creativity and Innovation: IP Models and the Political Economy of Developing Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Law and Society Association
                                                                                                Ort: Chicago


                                                                                                05.02.10
                                                                                                Patent Enforcement and the Court System in Indonesia

                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the 4th Conference on European and Asian Intellectual Property Rights: The Enforcement of Patents, Comparing the Asian, European and American Experiences
                                                                                                Ort: Academia Sinica, Taipei


                                                                                                13.08.09 
                                                                                                Globalisation and Resistance: Law Reform in Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the conference on "Impacts of Globalisation"
                                                                                                Australian Global Studies Research Centre
                                                                                                Ort: University of Western Australia, Perth


                                                                                                31.07.09
                                                                                                The Intellectual Property Jurisdiction of the Indonesian Commercial Court
                                                                                                Invited presentation at the NUS Regional Capacity Building Programme on "IP Counterfeiting and Piracy Enforcement and its Challenges"
                                                                                                Ort: Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore


                                                                                                30.07.09
                                                                                                New Enforcement Initiatives: The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) and the IMPACT Initiative of the WHO
                                                                                                Invited presentation at the NUS Regional Capacity Building Programme on "IP Counterfeiting and Piracy: Enforcement and its Challenges"
                                                                                                Ort: Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore


                                                                                                26.06.09
                                                                                                IP in Asia – the last 25 years
                                                                                                Invited presentation at the IP Academics Conference "Forty Years of Intellectual Property as an Academic Discipline – Taking Stock and Looking Forward"
                                                                                                Ort: University of Melbourne


                                                                                                02.06.09
                                                                                                Traditional Agricultural Knowledge and Plant Variety Protection in Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the Second Summer Institute in Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences
                                                                                                Ort:  Law School, Drake University, Des Moines


                                                                                                18.02.09
                                                                                                Pengetahuan tradisional dan hak atas kekayaan intelektual di Australia dan Asia
                                                                                                "Traditional knowledge and intellectual property law in Australia and Asia"
                                                                                                Ort: Faculty of Law, Brawijaya University, Malang


                                                                                                14.12.08
                                                                                                "Traditional Cultural Expression": International definitions and their implementation in developing Asia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the symposium on "Traditional Cultural Expression and International Law"
                                                                                                Ort: Monash University, Melbourne


                                                                                                26.11.08
                                                                                                IP aspects of FTAs in Indonesia
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the workshop on "IP aspects of Free Trade Agreements in the Asia Pacific region"
                                                                                                Centre for Comparative Law and Development Studies in Asia and the Pacific (CLDSAP)
                                                                                                Monash University, Melbourne
                                                                                                Ort: University of Wollongong


                                                                                                25.11.08 
                                                                                                An overview of Free Trade Agreements in the Asia Pacific Region with particular focus on intellectual property
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the workshop on "IP aspects of Free Trade Agreements in the Asia Pacific region"
                                                                                                Centre for Comparative Law and Development Studies in Asia and the Pacific (CLDSAP)
                                                                                                Ort: University of Wollongong


                                                                                                27.08.08
                                                                                                Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights in Asia: Global Agendas, Local Subjects
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at a seminar of the Centre for Comparative Law and Development Studies in Asia and the Pacific (CLDSAP) and the Faculty of Law
                                                                                                Ort:  University of Wollongong


                                                                                                25.06.08
                                                                                                The internet and freedom of expression in Asia: The YouTube cases
                                                                                                Paper presented  at the CCi International Conference "Creating value: between commerce and commons"
                                                                                                Ort: Brisbane


                                                                                                19.04.08
                                                                                                Selected issues of intellectual property enforcement in ASEAN countries
                                                                                                Invited paper presented at the 9th European Intellectual Property Institute Network (EIPIN) Symposium on "Criminal Enforcement"
                                                                                                Ort: Cumberland Lodge, Windsor


                                                                                                28.08.06
                                                                                                Hak atas Kekayaan Intelektual dari Masa ke Masa
                                                                                                Ort: Faculty of Law, Brawijaya University, Malang


                                                                                                07.08.06
                                                                                                Use of Existing IP Tools for Protection of TK / Traditional Knowledge Linked with Biodiversity
                                                                                                International Seminar on Traditional Knowledge in Asia: Development of Databases for Patent Search in Asia
                                                                                                Ort: State Intellectual Property Office, China IP Training Center, Beijing


                                                                                                18.05.06
                                                                                                IP Law in Asia
                                                                                                CCi Research Symposium
                                                                                                Ort: Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane


                                                                                                19.04.06
                                                                                                Traditional knowledge and Biological Resources in Asia: Looking within and beyond the law of intellectual property
                                                                                                Third Annual Asian IP Law & Policy Day: Recent Development in Intellectual Property Law & Policy in Asia
                                                                                                Ort: Fordham University School of Law, New York


                                                                                                22.02.06
                                                                                                Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights: The discussion in Australia and in selected Asian jurisdictions
                                                                                                Ort: IP Academy, Singapore


                                                                                                03.02.06
                                                                                                Intellectual Property Law in Southeast Asia: Recent legislative and institutional developments
                                                                                                Second International Symposium on Information Law "Alternative Frameworks for the Validation and Implementation of Intellectual Property in Developing Nations"
                                                                                                Ort: University of Wolverhampton

                                                                                                Lehrveranstaltungen

                                                                                                2016

                                                                                                Disciplinary reading unit for PhD students

                                                                                                Deakin Law School, Deakin University

                                                                                                Teilnahme an Konferenzen, Kongressen und Tagungen

                                                                                                07. - 09.09.16

                                                                                                Invited Expert

                                                                                                UNESCO Expert Meeting on Developing an Overall Results Framework for the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

                                                                                                Ort: Beijing, China

                                                                                                Beteiligung an Projekten

                                                                                                IP in Asia's Emerging Markets, MIPLC project in cooperation with Stanford University, Renmin University (Beijing)