Dr. Suelen Carls

Affiliated Research Fellow

Intellectual Property and Competition Law

suelen.carls(at)ip.mpg.de

Areas of Interest:

Agriculture and World Nutrition, Green Technology, Patents, Plant Variety, Geographical Indications, IP Law and Development

Academic Résumé

Since 2022
Senior Lecturer in Intellectual Property Law (Patents)
Bournemouth University, United Kingdom

Affiliated Research Fellow
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Germany

2018 – 2022
Senior Research Fellow
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Germany

Since 2018
Visiting Professor
University of Marília (Unimar), Brazil

2018
Postdoctoral Fellow and Assistant Professor
University of Marília (Unimar), Brazil

Since 2017
IP Expert
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Academy, Switzerland

2017 – 2018
Coordinator of Projects, Business and Intellectual Property
Órion Technological Park, Brazil

2017
14th WIPO-WTO Colloquium for Teachers of Intellectual Property
Switzerland

2015 – 2016
Visiting Doctoral Researcher
University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Since 2014
Scientific Coordinator
Cooperation Network for Sustainable Development: Geographical Indications and Cultural Heritage, Brazil

2013 – 2016
Doctor of Laws
Federal University of Santa Catarina State, Brazil

2013 – 2014
Content Assistant and Content Supervisor for the third and fourth editions of the Intellectual Property and Innovation in Agribusiness Course
Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, Brazil

2012 – 2013/2017
Lecturer
Regional University of Blumenau, Brazil

2012 – 2013
Director of Innovation
Association of Micro and Small Enterprises of Blumenau, Brazil

2011 – 2013
Master of Regional Development
Regional University of Blumenau, Brazil

2011 – 2013
Vice President of Business Management Core
Association of Micro and Small Enterprises of Blumenau, Brazil

2010 – 2018
Lawyer and legal adviser
Brazil

2009 – 2010
Tax Management Specialist
Regional University of Blumenau, Brazil

2005 – 2009
Bachelor of Laws
Regional University of Blumenau, Brazil

Academic Prizes, Honours, Scholarships

2020
ECTA Award 2020, 1st Prize, Professional Category

2018
Fellowship from Brazilian Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
The legality and possibilities of granting and using fiscal incentives for the promotion and enhancement of Brazilian geographical indications.
University of Marília (Unimar), Brazil

2017
Scholarship from World Intellectual Property Organization-World Trade Organization (WIPO-WTO)
14th WIPO-WTO Colloquium for Teachers of Intellectual Property, Switzerland

2015 – 2016
Scholarship from Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)
Protecting the name is not enough: the role of the code of practice and the management and control structures in the protection of geographical indications.
University of Oxford, United Kingdom

2013 – 2016
Scholarship from Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq)
Legal protection of geographical indications and development: the code of practice and the control and management structures.
Federal University of Santa Catarina State (UFSC), Brazil
 
2011 – 2013
Scholarship from Brazilian Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
The use of Geographical Indication in promoting regional development: the case of handcrafted crystal in the region of Blumenau, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Brazil

2010
Scholarship from World Bank Group
Applied Course on Competition Policy at Brazil's Council for Economic Defence (CADE), Brazil

Memberships

Since 2022
European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP)

Since 2020
European Communities Trade Mark Association (ECTA)

Member of the Editorial Board
Argos Publishers (Editora Argos)
Brazilian Bar Association Olinda Journal (Revista da OAB Olinda) 

Since 2017
Intellectual Property and Intangible Cultural Heritage Network (Enredados Network)

Since 2015
International Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property (ATRIP)

Referee

Since 2019
Studies: Unimar's Journal of Human and Applied Social Sciences

Since 2018
Journal of Fundamental Rights & Democracy
Argumentum Journal of Law

Since 2017
National Council of Research and Post-Graduation in Law

Publications

Edited Works

Indicações geográficas e produtos tradicionais. Anais do VIII workshop catarinense de indicação geográfica, Editora Univille, Joinville, SC 2019, 371 pp. (together with Miguel Luciano da Silva et al.).

    Indicações geográficas e produtos tradicionais. Anais do VI workshop catarinense de indicação geográfica, Univille, Joinville 2017, 143 pp. (together with M.L. da Silva, P.R.L. Arruda).

      IV workshop catarinese de indicação geográfica, Univille, Joinville 2016, 173 pp. (together with P.O. Areas, G.S.V.T. da Cunha).

      • English translation of the title: "4th Santa Catarina state on geographical indication"

      Indicações geográficas e produtos tradicionais. Anais do V Workshop Catarinense de Indicação Geográfica, Univille, Joinville 2016, 180 pp. (together with M.L. da Silva, G.S.V.T. da Cunha).

        Anais do II Encontro Internacional Interdisciplinar em Patrimônio Cultural – ENIPAC e do III workshop catarinense de indicação geográfica, Univille, Joinville 2015, 275 pp. (together with P.O. Areas).

          Contributions to Collected Editions, Commentaries, Handbooks and Encyclopaedias

          Traditional Knowledge, Databases and Prior Art: Options for an Effective Defensive Use of TK against undue Patent Granting, in: Irini Stamatoudi (ed.), Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Cultural Heritage, Edward Elgar Publishing, Northampton, MA, USA; Cheltenham, UK 2022, 132 - 153 (together with Reto M. Hilty, Pedro Henrique D. Batista).

            La Propiedad Intelectual en Latinoamérica y su Rol en el Desarrollo Económico y Social, in: Estudos de Propriedade Intelectual em Homenagem ao Prof. Dr. Denis Borges Barbosa, IODA - Instituto Observatório do Direito Autoral, Curitiba 2021, 25 - 64 (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

            • O texto trata do estabelecimento e evolução dos direitos da propriedade in-telectual na América Latina. Perpassa os contextos nos quais esses direitos foram incorporados ao arcabouço legal doméstico. Ainda que as economias latino-americanas sejam mais ou menos frágeis do ponto de vista da pro-priedade intelectual, as conclusões apontam que há diversos desafios a se-rem enfrentados, mas que os países da região têm potencial para superá-los e avançar na proteção e na utilização dos seus ativos intelectuais.
            • This article deals with the establishment and evolution of intellectual property rights in Latin America. It goes through the contexts in which these rights have been in-corporated into the domestic legal framework. Although Latin American economies are more or less fragile from the point of view of intellectual property, the conclusions indicate that there are several challenges to be faced, but that the countries of the region have the potential to overcome them and advance in the protection and use of their intellectual assets.
            • https://codaip.gedai.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/1_Estudos-de-Propriedade-Intelectual-em-homenagem-ao-Prof_Dr_Denis-Borges-Barbosa.pdf

            Thinking outside the box: the legal and nonlegal objectives of geographical indications, in: WIPO Academy, WTO Intellectual Property, Government Procurement and Competition Division (eds.), WIPO-WTO Colloquium Papers - Research Papers from the 2017 WIPO-WTO Colloqium for Teachers of Intellectual Property Law, World Trade Organization 2019, 1 - 11.

            • This paper discusses the legal and non-legal objectives of geographical indications (GIs) as an intellectual property right, and introduces the issue of GI management in Brazil
              in terms of laws and policies. The author presents some approaches adopted by Brazilian GI holders, and highlights their successes and failures. The author argues
              that GI holders must rethink their strategies to achieve success and further development. Finally, the author suggests specific policy changes focusing on the non-legal
              objectives of GIs, and the provision of access to a coordinated quality support and advice service.
            • https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/wipo_wto_colloquium_2017-2_e.pdf

            Região de Corupá. A indicação geográfica que floresceu a partir do associativismo, in: Suelen Carls, M.L. da Silva, P.R.L. Arruda (eds.), Indicações geográficas e produtos tradicionais. Anais do VI workshop catarinense de indicação geográfica, Univille, Joinville 2017, 9 - 12 (together with M.L. da Silva).

              Regulamento de uso e estruturas de controle nas indicações geográficas brasileiras, in: Liliana Locatelli (ed.), Indicações geográficas. Desafios e perspectivas nos 20 anos da Lei de Propriedade Industrial, Lumen Juris, Rio de Janero 2016, 139 - 156.

              • English translation of title: "The code of practice and the control structures of Brazilian geographical indications" In: "Geographical indications: challenges and prospects in the 20 years of the Brazilian industrial property law"

              Indicação geográfica para o setor calçadista de São João Batista: perspectivas para a valorização do produto e do território, in: Suelen Carls, M.L. da Silva, P.R.L. Arruda (eds.), Indicações geográficas e produtos tradicionais. Anais do V Workshop Catarinense de Indicação Geográfica, Univille, Joinville 2016, 82 - 86 (together with M.L. da Silva).

                A iniciativa catarinense em matéria de cooperação nas indicações geográficas, in: Suelen Carls, M.L. da Silva, P.R.L. Arruda (eds.), Indicações geográficas e produtos tradicionais. Anais do V Workshop Catarinense de Indicação Geográfica, Univille, Joinville 2016, 8 - 12 (together with M.L. da Silva).

                  Indicações geográficas. A faceta da organização produtiva coletiva e suas contribuições para o desenvolvimento, in: A.C.P. Vieira, K.L. Bruch (eds.), Indicação geográfica, signos coletivos e desenvolvimento, IBPI, Saõ Paulo 2015, 53 - 73.

                  • English translation of the title: "Geographical Indications. The facet of collective productive organisation and their contributions to the development" In: "Geographical indication, collective signs and development"

                  Novas mídias e tecnologias digitais na pesquisa em Direito, in: D.C. Meira, G.N. Bechara, L.R. Heinen (eds.), Conhecer Direito III. Anais do I Encontro Brasileiro de Pesquisa e Epistemologia Jurídica, Funjab, Florianópolis 2015, 564 - 582 (together with A.O. Leite).

                    Signos distintivos e potenciais benefícios ao desenvolvimento territorial, in: V.R. Dallabrida (ed.), Indicação geográfica e desenvolvimento territorial. Reflexões sobre o tema e potencialidade no Estado de Santa Catarina, LiberArs, São Paulo 2015, 117 - 134 (together with L. Locatelli, L.O. Pimentel).

                    • English translation of the title: "Distinctive signs and potential benefits to regional development" In: "Geographical indication and territorial development. Reflections on the theme and the potential in Santa Catarina state"

                    Geographical indications in the Brazilian intellectual property law, in: L.O. Pimentel, A.O. Leite, M.P. Ramaswamy (eds.), When East meets West. China-Brazil deliberations on contemporary legal issues, Prava Publications, Florianópolis 2015, 161 - 166.

                      Inovação aberta. Uma ponte entre universidades e empresas, in: J.M. de L. Assafim, S.O. Boff, L.O. Pimentel (eds.), Propriedade intelectual, transferência de tecnologia e inovação, FUNJAB, Florianópolis 2014, 235 - 252 (together with C. Fontanela).

                      • English translation of the title: "Open innovation. A bridge between universities and companies" In: "Intellectual property, technology transfer and innovation"

                      Indicações geográficas e sustentabilidade do patrimônio cultural imaterial: o caso da Cachaça de Paraty (RJ), in: C.A.H. Birnfeld, A.G. Antunes, L.E.B. de Araújo (eds.), Direito e sustentabilidade I, vol. 1, Florianópolis 2014, 484 - 505 (together with J.S. Albino).

                      • English translation of the title: "Geographical Indications and sustainability of intangible cultural heritage: the case of Cachaça Paraty (Rio de Janeiro state)" In: "Law and sustainability I"

                      Indicações geográficas como fator de desenvolvimento econômico. Um estudo do APL das tedes de Jaguaruana-CE, in: Mundo unifor (XIII encontro de pós-graduação e pesquisa), Fundação Edson Quieroz, Fortaleza 2013, 1 - 6 (together with G.S.V.T. da Cunha).

                        Indicações geográficas sob a perspectiva de preservação cultural. O caso dos cristais artesanais da região de Blumenau (SC), in: J.M. de L. Assafim, M.C.F. Moro (eds.), Mundo unifor (XIII encontro de pós-graduação e pesquisa, Fundação Edson Quieroz, Fortaleza 2013 (together with G.S.V.T. da Cunha).

                          A regulamentação internacional da propriedade intelectual como produto da globalização. Indicações geográficas, regulamentação e efetividade, in: J.M. de L. Assafim, M.C.F. Moro (eds.), Propriedade intelectual, FUNJAB, Florianópolis 2013, 139 - 155.

                          • English translation of the title: "The regulation of international intellectual property as a product of globalization. Geographical indications, regulatory and effectiveness" In: "Intellectual property"

                          Uma perspectiva institucional das indicações geográficas como vetor para o desenvolvimento regional. O caso dos cristais artesanais da região de Blumenau (SC), in: F. de S. Del Omo, J.M. de L. Assafim, C. Reis (eds.), Propriedade intelectual, FUNJAB, Florianópolis 2013, 311 - 331.

                          • English translation of the title: "An institutional perspective of Geographical Indications as a vector for regional development: the case of handcrafted crystals in the region of Blumenau (Santa Catarina state)" In: "Intellectual property"

                          A propriedade intelectual como vetor para o desenvolvimento. O caso da indicação geográfica dos cristais artesanais da região de Blumenau, in: L.O. Pimentel, F.W. Zibetti (eds.), Eficiência energética, inovação e propriedade intelectual, FUNJAB, Florianópolis 2013, 309 - 323.

                          • English translation of the title: "Intellectual property as a vector for development. The case of geographical indication of handcrafted crystal in the region of Blumenau" In: "Energy efficiency, innovation and intellectual property"

                          A indicação geográfica como vetor de desenvolvimento regional e a possibilidade de sua aplicação no setor de cristais artesanais do Vale do Itajaí, in: 2 Conferência do Desenvolvimento CODE/IPEA, 2012, Brasília. Anais do I Circuito de Debates Acadêmicos IPEA e Associações de Pós-Graduação em Ciencias Humanas, Brasília 2012 (together with P.L. Kegel, M.A. Amal).

                            Reflexos da patenteabilidade das sequências de DNA humano. Uma avaliação multisetorial, in: II Encontro Acadêmico de Propriedade Intelectual, Inovação e Desenvolvimento, 2009, Rio de Janeiro 2009.

                              Journal Articles

                              The Criteria to Qualify a Geographical Term as Generic: Are We Moving from a European to a US Perspective?, IIC - International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law 2021, 16.03.2021 (together with Alberto Ribeiro de Almeida). DOI

                              • This article discusses the transformation of a distinctive trade sign into a generic term. Any distinctive trade sign carries this risk, primarily if it benefits from a high level of reputation or prestige, and the product identified is unique in the market. This is probably the most critical danger for such signs, especially if they are industrial property rights. Several criteria have been developed to determine if a sign has been transformed into a generic term. These criteria have economic and political relevance, as genericness is not a trivial issue. The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has taken a position in this matter, as have the European Union Regulations on trademarks and geographical indications. However, the bilateral and multilateral agreements are the critical arena for conflicts concerning geographical terms’ qualification as common terms. The European Union (EU) and the United States (US) have been in the spotlight for a long time, while China is also reaching a prominent place in this dispute. The most recent bilateral agreements have been twisting the criteria applied when assessing a geographical term’s genericness.

                              Brazil is One Step Closer to Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol, Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 16, 1 (2021), 19 - 20. DOI

                                Brazilian GIs Landscape: From the TRIPS Commitments to the Real World, What Was Achieved, What Is Yet to be Faced?, GRUR Int 69, 9 (2020), 902 - 917. DOI

                                • After 25 years of the TRIPS Agreement, it is time to look at the Brazilian GI system and how it has developed since its establishment. GIs under TRIPS might not be the universal consensus, but they formed the starting point for the Brazilian GI system, and since 1996 GIs are expressly mentioned as such in domestic legislation. The article analyses the Brazilian GI journey from TRIPS to today’s framework, and points out the challenges that are yet to be faced at domestic, regional and international level.

                                Possibility of Supplier Restriction for a Protected Designation of Origin to Safeguard the Monitoring System, GRUR International 69, 6 (2020), 639 - 646. DOI

                                  Sui Generis Geographical Indications for the Protection of Non-Agricultural Products in the EU: Can the Quality Schemes Fulfil the Task?, IIC - International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law 51, 1 (2020), 31 - 69 (together with Andrea Zappalaglio, Flavia Guerrieri). DOI

                                  • This paper analyses the suitability of the extension of the EU quality schemes – Protected Designations of Origin (PDOs) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGIs) – to the protection of non-agricultural products. In particular, the work develops an original investigation on the nature of these goods and assesses whether it is compatible with the scope of protection of the EU sui generis GI system, which is determined by the different origin link that characterises the two abovementioned quality schemes. The research, by applying a mixed comparative/empirical methodology and building upon a previously unpublished dataset, develops an analysis divided into three parts, reaching the following conclusions. First, if sui generis GIs were chosen as the means to protect non-agricultural products, the French legislation on the sui generis protection of handcrafts should be considered as the best practice. Second, the empirical analysis shows that, since non-agricultural goods are characterised by a loose link to a specific place, predominantly based on the on the product’s history and on its distinctive traditional method of production, PGIs seem to be fit for the purpose. Indeed, the analysis of a sample of non-terroir agricultural products protected by PGIs will highlight this parallelism. Third, evidence shows that PDOs could be useful only in a small number of cases while the rationale of Traditional Specialities Guaranteed (TSGs), despite not being origin labels, can be useful to define products that cannot be linked to a specific area by physical or natural elements. Therefore, the EU legislator should take these elements into consideration if it decides to extend the EU GI regime to non-agricultural products.

                                  Indicações geográficas de serviços. Polêmicas do Porto Digital, Cadernos de Prospecção 8, 3 (2015), 587 - 594 (together with J. da S. Albino). DOI

                                  • English translation of the title: "Geographical Indications for services. Controversies of the Digital Port (Brazil)"

                                  O instituto jurídico da indicação geográfica na promoção do desenvolvimento regional. O caso dos cristais artesanais da Região de Blumenau, Redes 20, 3 (2015), 293 - 313. DOI

                                  • English translation of the title: "The legal institute of geographical indication in regional development promotion. The case of handcrafted crystals of Blumenau region"

                                  Indicações geográficas. O regulamento de uso e as indicações de procedência, Direito e Justiça 14 (2014), 243 - 256 (together with L. Locatelli).

                                  • English translation of the title: "Geographical indications. The code of practice and the indications of source"

                                  Research Papers

                                  Distinctive Signs for Collective Use in Latin America: Development Promotion by Valuing Origin and Quality (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, 22-15), 2022, 131 pp. (together with Roxana Carmen Blasetti, Pedro Henrique D. Batista). DOI

                                  • Origin-based production, including manufacturing, handicraft, and especially food production in Latin American countries, is essential to their economies. Quality differentiation systems such as geographical indications, designations of origin, collective and certification marks, and quality labels, among others, can play a dual role in the economic and social development of the region and in adding value to their products with the consequent impact on trade. However, those systems are quite particular to each country due to multiple realities. Therefore, it is challenging to promote integration, harmonisation, and /or cooperation within the region. Therefore, this paper aims to offer a comprehensive legal comparative understanding of how those systems work in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay to back up further research, law, and policy-making on this field. The outcome indicates potential ways forward, targeting especially (a) the potential of a regional system of mutual recognition of the protection granted at the national level and (b) the improvement of the system at the domestic level, according to each country's reality and producer's needs.
                                  • Spanish version published as Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Discussion Paper No. 21

                                  The Potential of Follow-On Innovation Financing Instruments to Support a Sustainable Transition (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 22-07), 2022, 22 pp. (together with Natacha Estèves, Alina Wernick). DOI

                                  • In the transition to sustainability, innovation will play a crucial role. As the latter follows intricate paths and processes, IPRs might impede further innovation and slow down the transition to sustainability by blocking innovative technologies – or making it harder to access them. Yet, when adequately used, IPRs may foster knowledge exchange and shared learning. Open innovation - particularly open licensing – can support follow-on innovation by allowing for the circulation and combination of inputs from different actors and help solving the wicked problem of sustainability.

                                    Aside from the mere practice of sharing one's IPRs to foster further innovations in an open innovation setting, the sustainable financing of follow-on innovation will be essential in the coming decades. Indeed, in a crisis-laden world and considering the - presumably - future economic downturns, the question of the financing of follow-on innovation will be critical. There is certainly a need to identify how and under which conditions intellectual property, follow-on innovation and financing models can work together towards a more sustainable world. As the R&D funding in the post-pandemic world might become scarce, uneven, and unpredictable, this article reviews whether some alternative means of funding innovation –particularly emerging blockchain-based solutions – could succeed at supporting follow-on innovation for the greater goal of sustainability.

                                  Signos Distintivos Colectivos en Latinoamérica: Fomento del Desarrollo Valorando Origen y Calidad (Distinctive Signs for Collective Use in Latin America: Development Promotion by Valuing Origin and Quality) (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Discussion Paper, No. 21), 2022, 144 pp. (together with Roxana Carmen Blasetti, Pedro Henrique D. Batista). DOI

                                  • La producción desarrollada localmente, incluyendo la manufactura, la artesanía y especialmente la producción de alimentos en los países latinoamericanos, es esencial para sus economías. Los sistemas de diferenciación de la calidad, como las indicaciones geográficas, las denominaciones de origen, las marcas colectivas y de certificación, y los sellos de calidad, entre otros, pueden desempeñar un doble papel, tanto para el desarrollo económico y social de la región como para añadir valor a sus productos con el consiguiente impacto en el comercio. Sin embargo, estos sistemas tienen particularidades en cada país debido a las múltiples realidades existentes. Es por ello que constituye un desafío promover a integración, la armonización y/o la cooperación al interior de la región. Es en este sentido que el presente documento ofrece un estudio comparado de las reglas jurídicas vigentes y de cómo funcionan estos sistemas en Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, México, Paraguay, Perú y Uruguay para respaldar la investigación y la elaboración de leyes y políticas públicas en la materia. El resultado indica las posibles vías de avance, centrándose especialmente (a) en el potencial de un sistema regional de reconocimiento mutuo de la protección dada a nivel nacional (b) en la mejora del sistema a nivel nacional, según la realidad de cada país y las necesidades de los productores.
                                  • Origin-based production, including manufacturing, handicraft, and especially food production in Latin American countries, is essential to their economies. Quality differentiation systems such as geographical indications, designations of origin, collective and certification marks, and quality labels, among others, can play a dual role in the economic and social development of the region and in adding value to their products with the consequent impact on trade. However, those systems are quite particular to each country due to multiple realities. Therefore, it is challenging to promote integration, harmonisation, and /or cooperation within the region. Therefore, this paper aims to offer a comprehensive legal comparative understanding of how those systems work in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay to back up further research, law, and policy-making on this field. The outcome indicates potential ways forward, targeting especially (a) the potential of a regional system of mutual recognition of the protection granted at the national level and (b) the improvement of the system at the domestic level, according to each country's reality and producer's needs.
                                  • Also published in: Smart IP Initiative
                                  • English version published as: Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper 22-15

                                  Study on the Functioning of the EU GI System, 2022, V + 127 pp. (together with Andrea Zappalaglio et al.).

                                  Traditional Knowledge, Databases and Prior Art – Options for an Effective Defensive Use of TK Against Undue Patent Granting (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 21-23), 2021, 34 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty, Pedro Henrique D. Batista).

                                  • The defensive protection of traditional knowledge (TK) is one of the IP law mechanisms envisaged to protect cultural heritage and guarantee the rights of indigenous and local communities. Through it, information on the prior existence of this knowledge is used to prevent the fulfillment of novelty and inventive step as patentability requirements and, therefore, to avoid the patenting of TK-related inventions by third parties. The creation of TK databases that are accessible to foreign patent offices may facilitate the achievement of this goal. However, to be successful, this measure requires TK to be included in the prior art. This chapter aims to establish under which conditions TK can be considered as part of the prior art and thus be effectively used against undue patenting of inventions based on it. Through the analysis of the public accessibility of the knowledge – including in databases – and of the option of extending the prior art to TK that is not publicly accessible, potential gaps in the defensive use of TK are identified and recommendations for the improvement of its effectiveness are made.
                                  • Available at SSRN

                                  Opinions

                                  Covid-19 and the Role of Intellectual Property - Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 7 May 2021, 2021, 11 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                  • In this Statement, the authors take a position on the waiver of intellectual property (IP) protection currently being considered by the members of the World Trade Organisation. The waiver was initiated by India and South Africa as a measure to enable rapid access to affordable medical products that are necessary to combat Covid-19. The initiative gained momentum after the US decided to support it. The authors do not consider this path to be expedient. The Statement presents factual and legal arguments why a comprehensive waiver of IP protection is unlikely to be a necessary and suitable measure towards the pursued objective. Overall, it argues that IP rights may so far have played an enabling and facilitating rather than hindering role in overcoming Covid-19. The global community might not be better off if IP rights are waived, neither during nor after the pandemic. There are more efficient and direct ways to supply developing countries with vaccines quickly – if the industrialised countries are willing to do their share.
                                  • 2021_05_25_Position_statement_Covid_IP_waiver.pdf
                                  • Also published as: Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 21-13

                                  Further Publications, Press Articles, Interviews

                                  Patent Rights in Pandemic Times, Highlights from the Yearbook of the Max Planck Society 2021 (2022), 26 - 27 (together with Reto M. Hilty, Daria Kim).

                                  Lectures

                                  11/18/2021
                                  Unfair competition and infringement in the digital society 
                                  Intellectual Property and Digital Technologies
                                  Location: Passo Fundo, Brazil


                                  09/16/2021
                                  Trademark and unfair trade practice​
                                  International Refresher Course on Emerging Jurisprudence of Intellectual Property Rights and Policies: Recent Trends & Challenges Around the Globe​
                                  Location: West Bengal, India


                                  09/06/2021
                                  Selected International Developments
                                  Worldwide Symposium on Geographical Indications​
                                  Location: Geneva, Switzerland


                                  08/18/2021
                                  Intellectual Property as a business strategy​
                                  Summit Pollen Park 
                                  Location: Chapecó, Brazil


                                  06/30/2021
                                  EU-Mercosul FTA: economic insights and IP legal reflections​
                                  Max Planck Law Forum Latin America
                                  Location: Munich, Germany - Buenos Aires, Argentina - Blumenau, Brazil


                                  02/10/2021
                                  International IP Law: Insights on “IP Law & IP Law in the International Framework”​
                                  MyLawman Online International Winter School 2021​IPR & New Technologies Law​
                                  Location: New Delhi, India


                                  06/10/2020
                                  Experimental and Statistical Methods ​
                                  Project "New Looks in Scientific Methodology"​
                                  Location: Marília, Brazil


                                  06/08/2020
                                  Geographical Indications ​
                                  Technoscience, Environment and Regulation (Special Lecture for the Master Course)
                                  Location: Chapecó, Brazil


                                  12/05/19
                                  Sustainable commitments in Latin American GIs: Insights from the real world
                                  Forum Origin, Diversity and Territories 2019. Agroecology: multiple transitions of territories
                                  Location: Lausanne, Switzerland


                                  11/01/19
                                  Geographical Indications in the EU-Mercosur FTA
                                  8th Santa Catarina State Workshop on Geographical Indications
                                  Location: Florianópolis, Brazil


                                  08/27/19
                                  What about adding new rights to the Lisbon System and make it in charge of the (TRIPS) special register for wines and spirits?
                                  38th ATRIP Annual Congress: Recreating Copyright Law - Redesigning Design Law - Rebranding Trademark Law - Reinventing Patent Law
                                  Location: Nashville, US


                                  04/03/19
                                  Visión general y desafíos de las Indicaciones Geográficas en América Latina
                                  Conference "Smart IP for Latin America"
                                  Location: Cartagena, Colombia


                                  02/23/19
                                  Assessment of EU Geographical Indications System for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs
                                  Oxford Intellectual Property Discussion Group (IPDG)
                                  Location: Oxford, UK


                                  08/07/18
                                  GIs, colonised countries and trade agreements: (un)fair use versus economic interests
                                  37th ATRIP Annual Congress: Fairness, Morality and Ordre Public in Intellectual Property
                                  Location: Helsinki, Finland


                                  04/23/18
                                  Geographical indications’ legal framework
                                  Technical meeting on geographical indication
                                  Location: Rio do Sul, Brazil


                                  11/29/17
                                  Geographical Indication with perspectives of regional development
                                  Seminar on Economic Development of the City: Maceió and its perspectives
                                  Location: Maceió, Brazil


                                  06/20/17
                                  Thinking outside the box: the legal and non-legal objectives of the geographical indications
                                  14th WIPO-WTO Colloquium for Teachers of Intellectual Property
                                  Location: Geneva, Switzerland


                                  08/10/16
                                  The human being in the context of traditional production: geographical indication, cultural heritage and local development
                                  Open University: Science and Culture in Debate
                                  Location: Blumenau, Brazil


                                  06/28/16
                                  Multiplicity of GIs registration systems in the EU: feasible situation?
                                  35th ATRIP Annual Congress: Intellectual Property as functional pluralism: the parameters, challenges and opportunities of variation
                                  Location: Krakow, Poland


                                  11/06/15
                                  Is the European PDO/PGI system implementation working?
                                  4th Göttingen International Research Forum on Law and ICT/IP
                                  Location: Göttingen, Germany


                                  08/07/15
                                  Actions of the Research Group on Intellectual Property, Technology Transfer and Innovation
                                  4th Santa Catarina State Workshop on Geographical Indications
                                  Location: Joinville, Brazil


                                  12/05/14
                                  The role of the law and the legal certainty in open innovation’s management strategy in the food and beverage industry
                                  2nd International Congress of Open Innovation of the Food and Beverage Industry
                                  Location: Chapecó, Brazil


                                  10/27/14
                                  Geographical Indications in the Brazilian intellectual property law
                                  Joint Workshop on Intellectual Property and International Commercial Law
                                  Location: University of Macau, China


                                  10/24/14
                                  Geographical Indications in the Brazilian intellectual property law
                                  Workshop Intellectual Property and International Commerce Law
                                  Location: Jinan University, Guangzhou, China


                                  10/21/14
                                  Geographical Indications in the Brazilian intellectual property law
                                  Workshop Intellectual Property and International Commerce Law
                                  Location: Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan, China


                                  10/20/14
                                  Geographical Indications in the Brazilian intellectual property law
                                  2nd International Workshop on Innovation & Legislative Framework
                                  Location: Beihang University, Beijing, China


                                  04/30/14
                                  Open innovation: a bridge between universities and companies
                                   XXIII National Meeting of the Council of Research and Post-Graduation in Law
                                  Location: Florianópolis, Brazil


                                  04/30/14
                                  Geographical Indications and sustainability of intangible cultural heritage: the case of Cachaça Paraty (Rio de Janeiro state)
                                  XXIII National Meeting of the Council of Research and Post-Graduation in Law
                                  Location: Florianópolis, Brazil


                                  11/14/13
                                  An institutional perspective of Geographical Indications as a vector for regional development: the case of handcrafted crystals in the region of Blumenau (Santa Catarina state)
                                  XXII National Meeting of the Council of Research and Post-Graduation in Law
                                  Location: São Paulo, Brazil


                                  10/24/13
                                  Geographical Indications from the perspective of cultural preservation: the case of handcrafted crystals in the region of Blumenau (Santa Catarina state)
                                  XIII Post-graduation and research meeting at Unifor World
                                  Location: Fortaleza, Brazil


                                  05/31/13
                                  The regulation of international intellectual property as a product of globalization: geographical indications, regulatory and effectiveness
                                  XXII National Congress of the Council of Research and Post-Graduation in Law
                                  Location: Curitiba, Brazil

                                  Courses

                                  2018 - 2020

                                  Master Supervision

                                  Fabiano da Silva Melo, Naiara Anna Sebben

                                  2018 - 2019

                                  Master Supervision

                                  Roberta Correa de Souza Carrilho

                                  Since 2018

                                  Trademarks, Geographical Indications and Industrial Design Course

                                  Distance Learning Program
                                  World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

                                  2018

                                  State, Law and Business Relations

                                  Master Course (with Prof. Dr. Jonathan Barros Vita)
                                  Location: University of Marília (Unimar), Brazil

                                  2018

                                  State, Regulation and Development

                                  Doctorate Course (with Prof. Dr. Marisa Rossinholhi)
                                  Location: University of Marília (Unimar), Brazil

                                  2017

                                  International Law, Legal Research Practice

                                  Undergraduate Course
                                  Location: Regional University of Blumenau, Brazil

                                  2012/2013

                                  Intellectual Property Law

                                  Undergraduate Course
                                  Location: Regional University of Blumenau, Brazil