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Dr. Beatriz Conde Gallego

Senior Research Fellow

Intellectual Property and Competition Law

+49 89 24246-441
beatriz.conde(at)ip.mpg.de

Areas of Interest:

European and international competition law; relationship between intellectual property rights and competition law

Academic Résumé

2002 
PhD on "Handelsbezogen Aspekte des Lizenzkartellrechts", University of Würzburg (Germany)

Since 2001 
Senior Research Fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for Innovation and Competition, Munich (Germany)

1997 - 1998 
LL.M. at the Faculty of Law, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (Germany)

Studies of Law at the University of Salamanca and at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium)

Born in 1973, Salamanca (Spain)

Memberships

Academic Society for Competition Law (ASCOLA) e.V.

Publications

Edited Works

Abuse of Dominant Position: New Interpretation - New Enforcement Mechanisms? (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, 5), Springer, Berlin 2008, VII + 204 pp. (together with Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt, Stefan Enchelmaier).

  • reviewed by: Schuhmacher, ZeuP 2009, 668-670
  • reviewed in: Journal of Economic Literature 47 (2009),1, 159
  • reviewed by: Furse, 2009 E.C.L.R. 473

Books and Monographs

Handelsbezogene Aspekte des Lizenzkartellrechts (Münchner Schriften zum Europäischen und Internationalen Kartellrecht, 2), Stämpfli, Bern 2003, 231 pp.

    Handelsbezogene Aspekte des Lizenzkartellsrechts, Julius-Maximilians-Universität, Würzburg 2002, Dissertation.

      Contributions to Collected Editions, Commentaries, Handbooks and Encyclopaedias

      Relation of Intellectual Property Rights to Trade, Investment and Anti-Trust Rules, in: Thomas Cottier, Krista Nadakavukaren (eds.), Elgar Encyclopedia of International Economic Law, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2017, 527 - 529 (together with Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan).

        TRIPS and Competition Rules: From Transfer of Technology to Innovation Policy, in: Hanns Ullrich et al. (ed.), TRIPS plus 20 - From Trade Rules to Market Principles (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 25), Springer, Heidelberg; Berlin 2016, 529 - 559 (together with Mor Bakhoum). DOI

        • The competition-related provisions in the TRIPS Agreement were very much influenced by the context in which the Agreement was concluded. The inclusion of competition provisions served a specific purpose. Competition law was basically seen as a tool to facilitate the transfer of technology. Twenty years after the entry into force of TRIPS, the legal landscape within which IPRs are exercised has experienced tremendous changes on the IP front, as well as on the competition law front. IP protection tends to be raised beyond the minimum standards of TRIPS, questionable protection has been granted specially in the field of patents, enforcement mechanisms and remedies have been strengthened and IP portfolios are strategically used in the markets. From an international perspective, higher IP standards have been exported through bilateral and regional trade agreements. Competition law is developing at a very fast speed, especially in emerging and developing economies. Moreover, competition law and IP laws are increasingly understood as being complementary to each other. A strict and “conflict oriented” reading of TRIPS’ competition provisions does not help to cope with the new strategies of innovation and the new forms of use of IPRs. We argue in this paper that a flexible reading of the competition-related provisions in TRIPS provides enough room for applying competition law as an innovation instrument. Hence, the application of competition law to combat IP-related restraints of competition that inhibit innovation would be covered by the rationale of the TRIPS Agreement just as much as an application of competition law aimed at enhancing access to and dissemination of IP-protected products.

        La dimensión internacional del Derecho de libre competencia, in: José Antonio García Cruces (ed.), Tratado de Derecho de la competencia y de la publicidad, Vol. 1, Tirant lo Blanch, Valencia 2014, 963 - 1001.

          Intellectual Property and Restraints of Competition, in: Jürgen Basedow et al. (ed.), The Max Planck Encyclopedia of European Private Law, Vol. I, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012, 942 - 946.

            Intellectual property rights and competition policy, in: Carlos M. Correa (ed.), Research Handbook on the Protection of Intellectual Property under WTO Rules (Intellectual Property in the WTO, 1), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2010, 226 - 265.

              Unilateral refusal to license indispensable intellectual property rights – US and EU approaches, in: Josef Drexl (ed.), Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA 2008, 215 - 238.

                Abuse of Dominant Position: New Interpretation - New Enforcement Mechanisms?, in: Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt, Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt, Stefan Enchelmaier (eds.), Abuse of Dominant Position - New Interpretation - New Enforcement Mechanisms (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, 5), Springer, Berlin 2008, V - VIII (together with Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt, Stefan Enchelmaier).

                  Propiedad intelectual, libre competencia e integración económica: la experiencia europea, in: Raúl A. Etcheverry, Héctor O. Chomer (eds.), Código de comercio y normas complementarias: Tomo 6, Propiedad Industrial, Hammurabi, Buenos Aires 2006, 81 - 118.

                    Journal Articles

                    Uber in Spain, Journal of European Consumer and Market Law 4, 1-2 (2015), 62 - 63.

                      Rahmenbedingungen für den Wettbewerb um Arzneimittel - neuere Entwicklungen des Kartellrechts im Pharma-Sektor, sic! 15, 2 (2011), 126 - 138 (together with Rupprecht Podszun).

                        Die Anwendung des kartellrechtlichen Missbrauchsverbots auf "unerlässliche" Immaterialgüterrechte im Lichte der IMS Health- und Standard-Spundfass-Urteile, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 55, 1 (2006), 16 - 28.

                          La negativa unilateral de una empresa en posición de dominio a conceder una licencia para la utilización de un derecho de propiedad intelectual, Actas de derecho Industrial y derecho de Autor 24 (2004), 465 - 483.

                            La negativa unilateral de una empresa en posición de dominio a conceder una licencia para la utilización de un derecho de propiedad intelectual, Actas de Derecho Industrial y Derecho de autor, Actas de derecho Industrial y derecho de Autor 24 (2004), 465 - 483.

                              Comments on the Draft Technology Transfer Block Exemption Regulation, IIC 35, 2 (2004), 187 - 196 (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                The Principle of Exhaustion of Rights and Its Implications for Competition Law, IIC 34, 5 (2003), 473 - 502.

                                  The Future of Transnational Antitrust - From Comparative to Common Competition Law: Bericht über die Tagung des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steuerrecht, Frauenchiemsee (3.-5. Juni 2002), Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 52, 5 (2003), 431 - 444.

                                    El agotamiento de los derechos de propiedad industrial e intelectual: un análisis desde la perspectiva del comercio internacional y del derecho de la libre competencia, Actas de derecho Industrial y derecho de Autor 23 (2002), 43 - 72.

                                      Case notes

                                      Anmerkung zu EuGH vom 29.04.2004, IIC 35, 5 (2004), 571 - 573 (together with Dimitrios Riziotis).

                                        Anmerkungen zum Urteil des spanischen Tribunal Supremo vom 28.9.2001 - "Bacardi", Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 51, 8/9 (2002), 766 - 769.

                                          Reviews

                                          Review of: Alikhan, Shahid; Mashelkar, Raghunath: Intellectual Property and Competitive Strategies in the 21st Century. 2. Aufl., Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, Austin et al. 2009, XIII + 221 S., ISBN 978-90-411-2644-3, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 59, 3 (2010), 265.

                                            Review of: Oberender, Peter (Hrsg.): Wettbewerb und Geistiges Eigentum. Schriften des Vereins für Sozialpolitik Bd. 316, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, 100 S., ISBN 978-3-12500-5, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 57, 7 (2008), 625 - 627.

                                              Review of: Von Verschuer, Nikolaus / Gres, Joachim (Hrsg.): Liber Amicorum für Alexander Riesenkampff zum 70. Geburtstag. C.H. Beck, München 2006, 283 S., ISBN 3-406-54896-2, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 57, 11 (2008), 969.

                                                Review of: Ghidini, Gustavo: Intellectual Property and Competition Law - The Innovation Nexus. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, Northampton 2006, XII + 164 S., ISBN 978-1-84542-135-9, IIC 39, 7 (2008), 879 - 882.

                                                  Review of: Von Verschuer, Nikolaus, Gres, Joachim (Hrsg.): Liber Amicorum für Alexander Riesenkampff zum 70. Geburtstag, C.H. Beck, München 2006, 283 S., ISBN 3-406-54896-2, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 57, 11 (2008), 969.

                                                    Review of: Lévêque, Francois / Shelanski, Howard (eds.): Antitrust, Patents and Copyright - EU and US Perspectives, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham/Northampton 2005, pp. XXI + 223, ISBN 1-84542-603-7, IIC 38, 4 (2007), 514 - 516.

                                                      Review of: Stirnimann, Franz Xaver: Urheberkartellrecht. Kartellrechtliche Verhaltenskontrolle von urheberrechtlichen Märkten in der Schweiz. Schweizer Schriften zum Handels- und Wirtschaftsrecht, Band 228, Schulthess, 2004, LXIV, 364 S., ISBN 3-7255-4735-1, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 55, 2 (2006), 174 - 176.

                                                        Review of: Stirnimann, Franz Xaver: Urheberkartellrecht. Kartellrechtliche Verhaltenskontrolle von urheberrechtlichen Märkten in der Schweiz. Schweizer Schriften zum Handels- und Wirtschaftsrecht, Band 228, Zürich, Schulthess, 2004, LXIV, 364 S., ISBN 3-7255-4735-1, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 55, 2 (2006), 174 - 176.

                                                          Review of: Kübel, Constanze: Zwangslizenzen im Immaterialgüter- und Wettbewerbsrecht. Eine Untersuchung zu Patenten und Urheberrechten bei technischen Normen (Compulsory licences in intellectual property and competition law. An analysis of patents and copyrights in connection with technical norms). Cologne etc., Carl Heymanns Verlag, 2004. XIV + 405 S., ISBN 3-452-25724-X, IIC 37, 5 (2006), 632 - 634.

                                                            Review of: Festschrift für Alberto Bercovitz Rodriguez Cano. Spanische Landesgruppe der AIPPI (Hrsg.): Estudios sobre propiedad industrial e intelectual y Derecho de la competencia - Homenaje a A. Bercovitz. Spanische Landesgruppe der AIPPI, Barcelona 2005, 992 S., ISBN 84-932692-2-0, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 54, 11 (2005), 958 - 959.

                                                              Review of: De León, Ignacio: Latin American Competition Law and Policy - A Policy in Search of Identity. (International Competition Law Series, Bd. 1), Kluwer Law International, Den Haag 2001, 476 S., ISBN 90-411-1542, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 53, 2 (2004), 178 - 180.

                                                                Review of: De León, Ignacio: Latin American Competition Law and Policy - A Policy in Search of Identity. (International Competition Law Series, Bd. 1), Kluwer Law International, Den Haag 2001, 476 S., ISBN 90-411-1542, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 53, 2 (2004), 174 - 176.

                                                                  Review of: De Miguel Asensio, Pedro A.: Contratos Internacionales sobre Propiedad Industrial. Estudios de Derecho Mercantil, 2. Aufl., Bd. 26, Civitas Ediciones S.L., Madrid 2000, 424 S., ISBN 84-470-1365-0, Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht Internationaler Teil 52, 11 (2003), 971 - 972.

                                                                    Conference Reports

                                                                    3. Konferenz der Academic Society for Competition Law in Zürich, WuW 58, 10 (2008), 1079 - 1082 (together with Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt, Rupprecht Podszun).

                                                                      Opinions

                                                                      Comments of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law on the White Paper by the Directorate-General for Competition of April 2008 on Damages Actions for Breach of the EC Antitrust Rules, 2008, 18 pp. (together with Beatriz Conde-Gallego et al.).

                                                                      Comments of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law (Munich) on the DG Competition Green Paper of December 2005 on Damages actions for breach of the EC antitrust rules, 2006, 29 pp. (together with Josef Drexl et al.).

                                                                      Comments of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law (Munich) on the DG Competition discussion paper of December 2005 on the application of Article 82 of the EC Treaty to exclusionary abuses, 2006, 24 pp. (together with Beatriz Conde-Gallego et al.).

                                                                      Conference Presentations

                                                                      IP Rights and Competition Law

                                                                      Vortrag vor einer Delegation des Handelsministeriums der Volksrepublik China (MOFCOM)
                                                                      Location: Belgien


                                                                      Competition Policy and the TRIPs Agreement: From Access and Dissemination to Innovation Policy

                                                                      Tagung: TRIP's 94+20: Beyond Trade Rules
                                                                      Location: MPI für Innovation und Wettbewerb, München


                                                                      Article 82 EC and intellectual property rights: From Magill to Microsoft

                                                                      MPI Doctor Seminar
                                                                      Location: University of Oslo


                                                                      10/13/06

                                                                      The role of efficiencies in applying Article 82 EC

                                                                      Max Planck Forum for Competition Law
                                                                      Location: Max-Planck-Institut für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steuerrecht, München 


                                                                      09/13/06

                                                                      Unilateral refusal to licence indispensable intellectual property rights

                                                                      Location: Max-Planck-Institut für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steuerrecht, München 


                                                                      12/08/04 - 12/09/04

                                                                      Parallel Imports: European Perspective

                                                                      Chuo University Law School und Washington University in St. Louis
                                                                      2004 APEC Competition Policy Conference
                                                                      Location: Tokio 


                                                                      12/03/04

                                                                      International trade and competition problems arising from contractual restrictions of parallel trade: do national competition laws offer adequate solutions?

                                                                      Department of Private Law of the Oslo University
                                                                      Workshop on the Interface Between Competition Law and Intellectual Property Rights
                                                                      Location: Oslo 


                                                                      11/04/04 - 11/06/04

                                                                      Thesenpapier: Externe Schranken des Urheberrechts

                                                                      Max-Planck-Institut für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steuerrecht
                                                                      Interessenausgleich im Urhberrecht: Teil 2 – die Thesen
                                                                      Location: Berlin


                                                                      10/09/04 - 10/11/04

                                                                      Technology Licenses and Antitrust Law

                                                                      School of Intellectual Property (Beijing University) and Sino-German Institute for Legal Studies (Nanjing University)
                                                                      Science, Technology and Intellectual Property in the 21st Century – Sino-German Seminar
                                                                      Location: Beijing


                                                                      09/10/04 - 09/12/04

                                                                      Essential Facilities Doctrine and Intellectual Property Rights: How to Deal with IMS Cases?

                                                                      Competition Law and Intellectual Property Max-Planck Conference des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geistiges Eigentum, Wettbewerbs- und Steuerrecht
                                                                      Location: Kloster Seeon


                                                                      07/27/04

                                                                      IP and antitrust issues in Europe

                                                                      George Washington University School of Law
                                                                      Munich Summer Intellectual Property Program
                                                                      Location: München


                                                                      11/24/03 - 11/25/03

                                                                      Propiedad Intelectual y Competencia. Tensiones entre la protección y el acceso a los resultados de la innovación: La situación en Europa

                                                                      Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios de Derecho Industrial y Económico (CEIDIE) und Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Buenos Aires
                                                                      Seminario: Desarrollos recientes en propiedad industrial – Prin

                                                                      Courses

                                                                      07/08/14

                                                                      Operating IP Rights in Europe – Limitations to Agreements

                                                                      Summer School

                                                                      Location: Centre d'Études Internationales de la Propieté Intellectuelle (CEIPI).


                                                                      SS 2014

                                                                      Antitrust Law

                                                                      Munich University Summer Training in German and European Law (MUST)

                                                                      Location: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München


                                                                      07/05/13

                                                                      Operating IP Rights in Europe – Limitations to Agreements

                                                                      Summer School

                                                                      Location: Centre d'Études Internationales de la Propieté Intellectuelle (CEIPI)


                                                                      SS 2013

                                                                      Antitrust Law

                                                                      Munich University Summer Training in German and European Law (MUST)

                                                                      Location: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München