Stefan Scheuerer

Doctoral Student and Junior Research Fellow

Intellectual Property and Competition Law

+49 89 24246-432

Areas of Interest:

Intellectual Property Law; Unfair Competition Law; Legal Theory; Legal Implications of the Digital Economy

Academic Résumé

Since 2018
Doctoral Student and Junior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Prof. Dr. Reto M. Hilty
Second Legal State Examination (Munich)
2016 – 2018
Legal Clerkship “Rechtsreferendariat” in the Jurisdiction of the Higher Regional Court of Munich with stations inter alia in the legal department of a large media company, in a law firm specialized in copyright and media law and at the European Commission, Directorate General for Competition (Task Force Digital Single Market), Brussels; until December 2016 in parallel Research Assistant at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
First Legal Examination (Munich)
2013 – 2016
Student Research Assistant at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Prof. Dr. Reto M. Hilty
2013 – 2014
Student Assistant in a Notary’s Office in Munich
2011- 2016
Undergraduate studies in Law at Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich with specialization in “Competition Law, Intellectual Property Law and Media Law”

Personal Links


Case notes

The impact of fundamental rights on European copyright law - opinion on the CJEU decisions C-516/17 "Spiegel Online" and C-469/17 "Funke Medien", GRUR Int 68, 12 (2019), 1153 - 1160 (together with Ansgar Kaiser).

    Research Papers

    Datenzugang, Verbraucherinteressen und Gemeinwohl – Bericht über die Verbraucherrechtstage 2019 des Bundesministeriums der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz in Berlin, 12. Und 13. Dezember 2019 (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Discussion Paper, No. 17), 2020, 22 pp. (together with Jure Globocnik). DOI

    • Der vorliegende Bericht bietet eine Zusammenfassung der Verbraucherrechtstage 2019, die am 12. und 13. Dezember 2019 vom Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz in Berlin organisiert wurden. Die Konferenz befasste sich mit dem Datenzugang unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Verbraucherinteressen und Gemeinwohl. Führende Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler sowie Beamte und Politiker widmeten sich der Analyse des regulatorischen Rahmens für die Ausgestaltung aktueller und künftiger Datenzugangsregime in der digitalen Wirtschaft. Die Konferenz war in vier wissenschaftliche Panels unterteilt, die den übergeordneten rechtlichen und ökonomischen Rahmen, die bereits existierenden Datenzugangsregime und potenziellen Reformbedarf zum Gegenstand hatten. Diese wurden ergänzt durch Keynote-Vorträge zu aktuellen politischen Entwicklungen sowie eine abschließende, rechtspolitische Podiumsdiskussion. Ein englischsprachiger Tagungsband wird voraussichtlich im Laufe des Jahres 2020 erscheinen.
    • This report summarizes the conference Verbraucherrechtstage 2019 (Consumer Law Days 2019), organised by the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection on 12 and 13 December 2019 in Berlin. This year’s topic was data access with a special emphasis on consumer interests and public welfare. Leading legal and economic scholars as well as public servants and politicians came together to engage in fruitful discussions on designing the regulatory framework for data access in the digital economy. The conference was divided into four academic panels covering the wider economic and legal framework for data access, existing data access regimes and potential need for amendments. It additionally featured keynote speeches on current political developments and a concluding, policy-oriented panel discussion. An English language conference volume is expected to be published in the course of 2020.
    • Available at SSRN

    Intellectual Property Justification for Artificial Intelligence (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 20-02), 2020, 29 pp. (together with Jörg Hoffmann, Reto M. Hilty).

    • Against the backdrop of the current discussion of how AI reshapes certain IP paradigms, this chapter reassesses the need for IP protection in AI markets per se. We assess the question of justification of IP rights for both AI as a tool and AI-generated output in light of the very theoretical foundations of IP protection (from both legal embedded deontological and utilitarian economic standpoints). Traditionally, IP is granted due to deontological reasoning according to which a human creator’s efforts and personality have to be awarded and protected, and economic reasoning, according to which exclusive rights in intangible goods have to be established in order to remedy market failure in public goods markets. IP ought to serve as a regulatory system of stimulation of creation and innovation using market forces to achieve this goal. Based on the current state of knowledge however, it seems that specific market implications of the widespread use of most AI applications may have altered the justification for AI-related IP protection in certain cases. Whereas this seems particularly true regarding AI tools, the case for AI outputs may be different.
    • Available at SSRN

    Technical Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: An Understanding from an Intellectual Property Law Perspective (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 19-13), 2019, 15 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

    • The present Q&A paper aims at providing an overview of artificial intelligence with a special focus on machine learning as a currently predominant subfield thereof. Machine learning-based applications have been discussed intensely in legal scholarship, including in the field of intellectual property law, while many technical aspects remain ambiguous and often cause confusion. This text was drafted by the Research Group on the Regulation of the Digital Economy of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in the pursuit of understanding the fundamental characteristics of artificial intelligence, and machine learning in particular, that could potentially have an impact on intellectual property law. As a background paper, it provides the technological basis for the Group’s ongoing research relating thereto. The current version summarises insights gained from background literature research, interviews with practitioners and a workshop conducted in June 2019 in which experts in the field of artificial intelligence participated.
    • Available at SSRN


    Comments of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 11 February 2020 on the Draft Issues Paper of the World Intellectual Property Organization on Intellectual Property Policy and Artificial Intelligence, 2020, 9 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

    Further Publications, Press Articles, Interviews

    Intellectual Property Justification for Artificial Intelligence, Oxford Business Law Blog 2020 (together with Jörg Hoffmann, Reto M. Hilty).



    "Fairness" als Rechtsprinzip

    Location: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Munich


    An Appraisal of Intellectual Property Justification in the Realm of Artificial Intelligence - How AI Reshapes IP Economics and Paradigms

    (together with Reto M. Hilty and Jörg Hoffmann)

    Location: Singapore Management University, School of Law, Singapore


    Sprache. Recht. Macht.

    Location: University of Prague, Czech Republic


    Die kartellrechtliche Kontrolle privater Rechtsetzung

    Location: Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany


    Regimekollision oder Regimekonvergenz? Marktverhaltensregeln für Künstliche Intelligenz

    Location: University of Bologna, Italy


    Wettbewerbs- und informationsrechtliche Implikationen Künstlicher Intelligenz

    Location: University of Valencia, Spain