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Further research project
Intellectual Property and Competition Law

Data-driven Economy: The Need for Regulation Due to Digitalisation?

Last Update: 03.01.18

The goal of the project is to make an academic contribution to the on-going debate regarding the emerging legal and regulatory issues related to the data-driven economy. From a de lege lata perspective, the legal status quo and the existing regulatory framework are analysed in view of the distinction between personal and non-personal data. From a de lege ferenda perspective, the question arises whether there is a need for a new regulation that could promote data-driven innovation and markets, as well as maximise the growth potential of the digital economy.

From the policymaking perspective, the question is whether data – especially non-personal data – should be allocated to the particular right holders. As such allocation does not exist under the current legal regime, access to data is usually gained through contracts. In view of the overall objective to enable the ‘free flow of data’, the questions arise: On what grounds could a regulatory intervention be justified, and how should such intervention be designed without restricting unnecessarily innovation and competition?

Position Statements

Data Ownership and Access to Data (08/16/2016) – English / German

Public consultation on Building the European Data Economy (04/26/2017) – English / Chinese

Arguments Against Data Ownership: Ten questions and answer – English / German


Josef Drexl, Designing Competitive Markets for Industrial Data - Between Propertisation and Access Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 16-13 (2016)

Josef Drexl Neue Regeln für die Europäische Datenwirtschaft? Ein Plädoyer für einen wettbewerbspolitischen Ansatz - Teil 1 NZKart - Neue Zeitschrift für Kartellrecht 5, 7 (2017), 339 - 344.

Josef Drexl, Neue Regeln für die Europäische Datenwirtschaft? Ein Plädoyer für einen wettbewerbspolitischen Ansatz - Teil 2 NZKart - Neue Zeitschrift für Kartellrecht 5, 8 (2017), 415 - 421.

Michèle Finck, Platform Regulation German Law Journal 2018, forthcoming

Reto M. Hilty, Daten zu verkaufen Gastbeitrag, Süddeutsche Zeitung (11.09. 2017)

Daria Kim, No One’s Ownership as the Status Quo and a Possible Way Forward: A note on the public consultation on building a European data economy, Journal of Intellectual Law and Practice (forthcoming) (first publish in GRUR Int, 8/9 (2017))

Gintare Surblytė, Data as a Digital Resource Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 16-12 (2016)

Dissertation Projects

Luc Desaunettes: Der rechtliche Schutz von Wirtschaftsgeheimnissen – Internationales, europäisches und nationales Recht im Vergleich

Jure Globocnik: Die Rolle der Datenportabilität in der datengetriebenen Wirtschaft zwischen Rechtsschutz und Zugang

Franziska Greiner: Informationen und Daten als Erzeugnisse im Sinne des § 9 S. 2 Nr. 3 PatG?

Daria Kim:‎ Designing a Sui-generis Regime of Access to Clinical Trial Data in the Context of Competition in Innovation in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Heiko Richter: Wettbewerb und Innovation auf Märkten für Public Sector Information (PSI)

Klaus Wiedemann: Zur datenschutzrechtlichen Zulässigkeit von Preisdiskriminierung mit den Mitteln des Profiling




Luc Desaunettes,
Michèle Finck,
Jure Globocnik,

Franziska Greiner,
Jörg Hoffmann,
Leonard Hollander,
Daria Kim‎,
Heiko Richter, 
Peter Slowinski,
Gintarė Surblytė,
Axel Walz‎,
Klaus Wiedemann