Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
Newsletter #2

April 2019
Welcome to a new issue of our newsletter. We keep you updated on our research, events and publications of the Institute. The next issue will appear in July 2019.
Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation (EFI) presents Annual Report 2019 (Photo: German Federal Government/Eckel)

The commission chaired by Dietmar Harhoff annually reports on research, innovation and technological performance in Germany, analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of the German innovation system, evaluates Germany’s perspectives as a location for research and innovation, and presents proposals for the national research and innovation policy. Core topics 2019 are start-ups, energy transition, blockchain, and digitalization in German tertiary education institutions.
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Upload filters, a neighbouring right for press publishers and plenty of protests: the European Parliament has passed the controversial copyright reform in March. Now the EU-Council has the last say. Valentina Moscon, Reto M. Hilty and their project group followed the reform process from the very beginning. Their conclusion: the planned directive misses its central objective over long stretches. In an interview, they explain why.
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Reto M. Hilty und Valentina Moscon (Photo: D. Zirilli / MPI)

The one thing all smart devices need – whether in industry, agriculture, or the common household – is data. On behalf of the European Consumer Organization BEUC, Josef Drexl has authored a study on data access and control in the era of connected (smart) devices, in which he proposes guidelines for the the future EU legal framework for the digital economy.
See Study "Data Access and Control in the Era of Connected Devices" (PDF, 6.5 MB)
Commission for the establishment of the new German Agency for Disruptive Innovation (Photo: BMBF/Hans-Joachim Rickel)

The German Federal Government aims to foster pioneering research with a wide range of application possibilities. The new German Agency for Disruptive Innovation is to promote innovations with radically new technologies and a great potential to change the market with new products, services and value chains. Dietmar Harhoff has been appointed chair of the commission for the establishment of the new agency by the German Federal Minister of Education and Research Anja Karliczek and the German Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy Peter Altmaier. 
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Geographical indications protect regional products and traditional production methods from imitation and misuse. These quality labels have long since developed a competitive advantage for producers. A new research project of the Institute examines the legal system in the EU in an overall assessment.
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Asparago di Altedo: a protected geographical indication (Photo: Pixabay)
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Brown Bag-Seminar
Free Movement of Inventors: Open-Border Policy and Innovation in Switzerland
Gabriele Cristelli (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)
4/17/2019, 12:00 – 1:30 p.m. at the Institute

Brown Bag-Seminar
Ticket to Free Ride: Satisfaction Guaranteed and Mutual Distrust
Wolfgang Luhan (Portsmouth Business School)
4/24/2019, 12:00 – 1:30 p.m. at the Institute
Munich Summer Institute 2019
06/17/2019 – 06/19/2019, Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities
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Artificial Intelligence, Innovation and Competition: New Tools, New Rules
Conference of the Institute in cooperation with the Alumni Association of the Institute
7/5/2019, 2:00 – 6:00 p.m. at the Institute
Replication Studies in Economics, in: Research Policy (Bild: ScienceDirect/Elsevier)

Replication studies and the replicability of research results are considered as a hallmark of quality for good scientific practice. Nothing less than the credibility of science stands and falls on the quality of research results. But how many and which papers are chosen for replication at all, and why? In a new study, Frank Mueller-Langer, Benedikt Fecher, Dietmar Harhoff, and Gert G. Wagner have examined the economics literature. They find that only one in a thousand publications is a replication study. The introduction of mandatory data disclosure policies may help to increase the likelihood of replication.

Frank Mueller-Langer, Benedikt Fecher, Dietmar Harhoff, Gerd G. Wagner.
Replication Studies in Economics − How Many and Which Papers Are Chosen for Replication, and Why?
Research Policy, 48 (1), 62-83.

A purely English-language journal on intellectual property law from Germany? That was quite revolutionary 50 years ago. Today, the International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (IIC) is among the world’s leading academic journals in its field. What is the secret of its success?
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What type of economic policy does Africa need - and what competition law? Mor Bakhoum, former Senior Research Fellow (now Affiliated Research Scholar) of the Institute, and his co-author Eleanor M. Fox from New York University, provide profound analyses on the markets and the competition policies in Sub-Saharan Africa. The authors answer crucial questions: Who are the market dominant players and who controls them? What can competition authorities contribute to the establishment and maintenance of effective competition? What part does competition law play, what is the role of competition authorities and which legal and economic concepts African states need in order to integrate into the world economy and provide a better standard of living for their people while preserving their values of inclusive development.

Mor Bakhoun, Eleanor M. Fox
Making Markets Work for Afrika − Markets, Development, and Competition Law in Sub-Saharan Africa
Oxford University Press, 2019, ISBN 978-0190930998
Making Markets Work for Africa by Mor Bakhoum and Elenor Fox (Photo: OUP)
Lars Hornuf, Lars Klöhn
Do Judges Hate Speculators?
European Journal of Law and Economics,
47 (2), 147-169

Hanskje Nagel, Laura Rosendahl Huber, Mirjam Van Praag, Sjoerd Goslinga
The Effect of a Tax Training Program on Tax Compliance and Business Outcomes of Starting Entrepreneurs: Evidence from a Field Experiment
Journal of Business Venturing, 34 (2), 261-283

Jorge L. Contreras, Bronwyn H. Hall, Christian Helmers
Green Technology Diffusion: A Post-Mortem Analysis of the Eco-Patent Commons
Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 19-02
Pedro Henrique D. Batista, Dennis Byrski, Matthias Lamping, Roberto Romandini
IP-Based Incentives Against Antimicrobial Crisis: A European Perspective
IIC (2019) 50, 30-76

Michèle Finck
Smart Contracts as a Form of Solely Automated Processing Under the GDPR
Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 19-01

Vikas Kathuria, Jure Globocnik
Exclusionary Conduct in Data-Driven Markets: Limitations of Data Sharing Remedy
Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 19-04