Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
Newsletter #2
Spring 2022

With this newsletter, we would like to give a warm welcome to our guest researchers from Ukraine!
Algorithms and Artificial Intelligence (AI) have become an integral part of decision-making. The application of algorithmic aids spans from prediction decisions, for example, whom to hire, and what salary to offer, to moral decisions with no objectively correct solution, such as how to distribute a bonus within a team fairly. Would affected people prefer to have moral decisions made by a human or an algorithm? What role does the objectivity of an algorithm or potential bias of a human decision-maker play? In a new study, these and other questions were investigated in a laboratory experiment. More
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition with overlay of Ukrainian flag
Both the legal and economic departments of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition offer to support Ukrainian researchers fleeing from war in their home country. We also invite Ukrainian researchers to turn to us whose stipend or employment abroad ended recently and who are now looking for a way to continue their research outside Ukraine. The Institute provides office space, access to the library, a stipend for at least six months (extendable), and support for searching accommodation.
The legal scholar Dr. Daria Kim and the economist Dr. Felix Pöge, researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, who both completed their doctorates in 2021, have been awarded the Otto Hahn Medal by the Max Planck Society in recognition of their outstanding scientific achievements. The Max Planck Society awards the prize, named after the “father of nuclear chemistry” Otto Emil Hahn and endowed with 7,500 Euros, to motivate young talented scientists to pursue a research career. 
Otto Hahn Medal for Dr. Daria Kim and Dr. Felix Pöge
In Brief
EPO Grant + + + Under the European Patent Office’s Academic Research Programme, a research team of the department Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research has received a major grant for a project using Deep Learning to investigate knowledge flows between science and technology. More

AI for Climate Protection + + + Within the context of his activities as a member of the Bavarian AI Council, Dietmar Harhoff is now heading the new project group “AI for Climate Protection”. A first project in cooperation with the Center for Digital Management and Technology (CDTM) of the TU and LMU has already started. A trend report on the topic of “AI-Driven Climate-Friendly Future” is currently being developed.
Dr. Heiko Richter, LL.M. (Columbia)

The various European Union bodies came to a preliminary agreement on the new Digital Markets Act (DMA) on the 24 March 2022. The EU is planning to limit the market power of tech giants such as Google, Apple, Facebook/Meta, Amazon, and Microsoft in order to safeguard competition in the European market. In the following interview, Heiko Richter, Senior Research Fellow at the Institute, explains the purpose of the new legislation and some of its potential weaknesses.  More
Digital platforms enable organizations to efficiently share resources such as knowledge. Also, members can support each other. This can be a significant competitive advantage. Yet, employee engagement frequently remains low. In two experiments, the authors test the possible reasons for this on the side of the knowledge seekers. They find that implied socio-psychological costs (such as shame towards others) or economic con­sid­er­a­tions (such as career disadvantages due to loss of reputation) play a role if the anonymity of the users is not ensured. The effect is even more pronounced for women. The study offers important insights for the design of such platforms and highlights the role of user anonymity.
Maren Mickeler, Pooyan Khashabi,  Marco Kleine, Tobias Kretschmer
The Perks of Being Unknown: Implied Costs of Knowledge Seeking on Organizational Platforms
Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 19-17 (1 April 2022)
The EU has built up an almost complete system for the protection of intellectual property. However, it has completely neglected the law of employee inventions, although between 80% and 90% of all patentable inventions originate from this group of persons. Hanns Ullrich therefore proposes a harmonization the national law of the Member States. In the implementation of this proposal, the original idea behind patent protection — to create incentives for investment in inventions and innovations — should also be applied as a guiding principle for the legal definition and determination of remuneration for inventions made by employees in the course of their employment.
Hanns Ullrich
Harmonization of Employee Invention Laws: The Black Hole of the EU’s Innovation Policy
Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 22-03
Munich Summer Institute – The Program
The 6th Munich Summer Institute, organized jointly with ETH Zurich, TUM and LMU, will take place from 8 to 10 June 2022. This year, the MSI will be preceded by a doctoral workshop on 7 June 2022.  Keynote speakers are Hanna Hallaburda (NYU), Nicola Lacetera (University of Toronto), and Melissa Wasserman (University of Texas at Austin). The program is now available. More
MSI Logo
Event Report
3rd SIPLA Conference, 16.03.2022, Buenos Aires, Argentina
How can innovation impact the solution of fundamental challenges facing humanity — climate change, food and the health of the world’s population? Do new technologies make a strategic contribution to sustainable development - and where do the potentials of Latin America come in? These were the questions addressed by participants at the third annual meeting of the Institute’s Smart IP in Latin America (SIPLA) research initiative, held on 16 March in Buenos Aires.
Event Report
On 16 and 17 March 2022, the inaugural event for the formation of the Max Planck Partner Group at the Université Virtuelle du Sénégal, or UVS, took place in Dakar, Senegal. To launch its scientific activities, the research group held a kick-off workshop on “Access, Data Sharing and Sustainable Development Goals: An Overview from the Senegal’s Point of View.”  
Josef Drexl during his opening lecture at the launch of the Max Planck Partner Group Senegal. (Photo: Université Virtuelle du Senegal)
Call for Papers
Call for Papers - Florence Seminar on Standard Essential Patents
The Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition and the European University Institute invite submissions to their scientific seminar on “Standard-Essential Patents” to be held in Florence at the EUI premises on 6-7 October 2022. The Seminar takes place within the Florence Competition Programme and the ongoing project Innovation and Intellectual Property in the Digital Age. Paper submission is open to submit an extended abstract or full papers until 31 May 2022.
For the LL.M. program, the MIPLC has compiled detailed information on its website. Here, interested parties can find all details on prerequisites, time frame, costs and support options such as scholarships or reduced tuition fees. In addition, there are checklists to guide students through the application process. We wish you good luck with your application!
International MIPLC LL.M. Students