Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
Newsletter #3

Summer 2020

With this issue we wish you a relaxing summer break respectively productive research time!

Researchers of the Institute and the OECD have published a new study on how to identify and measure AI-related developments in science, algorithms and technologies. Using information from scientific publications, open source software (OSS) and patents, they find a marked increase in AI-related developments over recent years. The growing role of China in the AI space emerges throughout. More
Identifying and Measuring Artificial Intelligence – Making the Impossible Possible
More Flexibility for the TRIPS Agreement

Public health can constitute a legitimate reason to encumber trademark use: This was recently confirmed by the WTO Appellate Body. A current publication concludes that the decision provides more flexibility to WTO members for adapting Intellectual Property Rights to new realities.

On 25 June, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Gerhard Schricker celebrated his 85th birthday. For more than 30 years as a Director of the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Patent, Copyright and Competition Law, as it was called in the past, he enormously contributed to the development of intellectual property law.
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Gerhard Schricker
In Brief

DFG Funding granted +++ A new research project by Timm Opitz which seeks to disentangle the extent entrepreneurial success can be attributed to skill formation and selection by using experimental evidence on entrepreneurship education for university students in Uganda, has been granted financial support amounting to almost 300,000 € for all remaining operations by the German Research Foundation (DFG project #444754857, together with Vojtěch Bartoš, Kristina Czura, Michael Kaiser and Brendan Shanks).

Smart IP for Latin America +++ The website of the research initiative is online now:

ECTA Award +++ First prize for Andrea Zappalaglio, Suelen Carls and Flavia Guerrieri

People +++ Associate Professorship at the University of Zagreb for Silke von Lewinski
A Firm Scientific Community: Industry Participation and Knowledge Diffusion
When firms encounter research results at conferences in computer science, knowledge flows from science to industry and academia-industry collaboration become more frequent. However, it is not enough for firms to just show up at conferences. They need to systematically invest in knowledge acquisition to reap benefits. To obtain these findings, the authors construct and analyze a unique dataset covering almost all high-level conference series in computer science since 1996.

Stefano Baruffaldi and Felix Pöge
A Firm Scientific Community: Industry Participation and Knowledge Diffusion
Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 20-10
The notion of an ‘AI-generated’ invention has recently triggered an intense debate on the future of patent law. Contrary to the wide-spread assumption that AI generates inventions autonomously, the article demonstrates that AI techniques are used as methods of computational problem solving and against that background discusses implications for inventorship. The author argues that, as long as computers rely on instructions defined by a human as to how solve a problem, the separation between human and non-human ingenuity is, in itself, artificial. She calls for a broader technical inquiry that would elucidate the relevance of the currently debated normative concerns against the background of the technological state of the art.

Daria Kim
‘AI-Generated Inventions’: Time to Get the Record Straight?
GRUR International, 69 (5), 443 - 456
‘AI-Generated Inventions’: Time to Get the Record Straight?
RISE3 Workshop
Researchers who would like to present a paper at the “3rd Research on Innovation, Science and Entrepreneurship Workshop” for Ph.D. students and Junior Postdocs on 17/18 December 2020 are invited to submit it until 30 August 2020.

Event Report
On 9 and 10 July 2020, the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition hosted the annual workshop “The Organisation, Economics and Policy of Scientific Research” jointly organized with the Technical University of Munich and the BRICK/Collegio Carlo Alberto, Turin. The 12 presentations in six sessions over two days were very well received by up to 70 participants.

The topics at a glance in the event report.
14th Workshop on the Organisation, Economics and Policy of Scientific Research
Fostering Innovation in Europe Online Conference
Event Report
At the online conference “Fostering Innovation in Europe – Intellectual Property Policies and Law“ 14 Early Stage Researchers of the European Joint Doctorate project of the EIPIN Innovation Society had the opportunity to share their research results.

At the “MIPLC Lecture Series” João Pedro Quintais addressed the most controversial topic of the EU copyright reform. On the subject “Article 17 and the New EU Rules on Content-Sharing Platforms”, the alumnus of the MIPLC LL.M. program placed Article 17 into its broader EU policy context – especially when it comes to the discussion on the responsibilities of online platforms.

MIPLC website with presentation slides
Dr. João Pedro Quintais
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