Social and environmental innovation are important for economic and societal development and to reach the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. However, to date, we lack objective, validated, and non-survey based indicators to measure these two important forms of innovation. To what extent can patent and trademark data be used to construct such measures? Using data from several independent samples, we correlate different survey-based measures of social and environmental innovation with patent and trademark-based measures. Our results show that trademark-based measures can be used to identify social and environmental innovation. The results regarding patent data are mixed.
Ansprechpartner: David Heller
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