Heiko Richter, wissenschaftlicher Referent am Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, wurde on als Infrastrukfür seine Dissertation „Informatitur – zu einem wettbewerbs- und innovationsbezogenen Ordnungsrahmen für Informationen des öffentlichen Sektors“ mit dem Humboldt-Preis 2020 ausgezeichnet
Award  |  11/05/2020

Heiko Richter Receives Humboldt Prize for His Dissertation

Heiko Richter, Senior Research Fellow at the Institute, was awarded the Humboldt Prize 2020 for his dissertation “Information as Infrastructure – Towards a Competition- and Innovation-Oriented Framework for Public Sector Information”.

Heiko Richter, Senior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, was awarded the Humboldt Prize 2020 for his dissertation “Information as Infrastructure – Towards a Competition- and Innovation-Oriented Framework for Public Sector Information”.
Heiko Richter received the Humboldt Prize 2020 for his dissertation

For many people in the digital age it has become a matter of course to be able to use applications such as weather apps, digital city maps or interactive maps of infection spread at any time. These offers are based on data provided by the public sector. Public sector information is thus omnipresent in everyday life – often unnoticed by the users themselves. For the stability and the prosperity of an open information society, it is crucial that this information is in principle accessible to everyone. This raises the question of how rules should be designed to achieve the best possible use of public sector information.


Heiko Richter pursues this question in his dissertation entitled “Information as Infrastructure – Towards a Competition- and Innovation-Oriented Framework for Public Sector Information”. In this context, he brings together the public law regulations on the access to and dissemination of information, EU competition law and intellectual property law in a comprehensive infrastructure approach. Based on this approach, specific regulatory frameworks for public sector information can be further developed in a competition- and innovation-oriented manner. The study thus creates a new level of knowledge and reflection on the role of information for the economy, society and state.


Finally, the dissertation provides concrete recommendations for action on how the EU and its member states can adapt existing law in order to create and secure the functional conditions of a liberal society in the midst of the digital transformation. The study thus bridges the gap between legal-interdisciplinary fundamental research and the setting of rules. Accordingly, its results are just as relevant for academics in the applicable fields of law, as they are for decision-makers in legal policy.


With the Humboldt Prize, the Humboldt University of Berlin annually honors outstanding scientific work at university level at the opening of the academic year. So far, jurisprudential studies have been awarded the Prize relatively rarely. The dissertation will be published in 2021 by Mohr Siebeck Verlag.


All winners of the Humboldt Prize 2020 can be found here.

Josef Drexl, Geschäftsführender Direktor am Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, ist Mitglieder der Data Governance Working Group der Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)
People  |  11/04/2020

Josef Drexl Appointed as Expert in the “Global Partnership on AI”

This summer, the Federal Republic of Germany appointed Josef Drexl as an expert in the newly founded Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI). There, the Institute's Managing Director is a member of the Data Governance Working Group.

 Josef Drexl, Managing Director at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, is member of the Data Governance Working Group of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)a
Josef Drexl was appointed as expert in the Data Governance Working Group of the Global Partnership on AI.

On 17 June 2020, 14 founding members (Australia, Canada, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) launched the "Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)”. GPAI was jointly initiated and conceived by Canada and France during their G7 presidencies (2018, 2019).


GPAI seeks to enhance the responsible implementation of AI in the spirit of human rights, democratic values, inclusion and diversity, while promoting innovation and economic growth as well as the UN Sustainable Development Goals.


GPAI establishes a global multi-stakeholder forum that brings together experts from research, politics, the economy and civil society to promote research and make recommendations for political decision-makers. GPAI conducts its activities in the framework of working groups established for the following topics:
 

  • Responsible AI
  • Data Governance
  • The Future of Work
  • Innovation and Commercialization

Moreover, it was decided to establish another ad hoc working group dealing with the use of AI to overcome the current COVID-19 pandemic.


First results of the Data Governance group


Josef Drexl, Managing Director of the Institute, was appointed by the Federal Republic of Germany as an expert for the Data Governance Working Group. This group has the mandate to contribute with its research and recommendations to the goal that the collection, use, sharing, archiving and deletion of data is in accordance with GPAI's stated objectives.


Having started its activities immediately after the launch of GPAI, the Data Governance Working Group has already drafted a “GPAI Data Governance Framework” as a basis for its future work and mandated an independent research institution to prepare a report on the “Role of Data in AI”. As a next step, three sub-groups will address the technical, institutional and legal dimensions of data governance.


To provide administrative support to GPAI, a Secretariat has been established at OECD in Paris. The activities of the working groups are coordinated by two newly created Centres of Expertise in Paris and Montreal. The Centre for Expertise for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence in Montreal coordinates the activities of the Data Governance Working Group.

Niccolò Galli, Doktorand am Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb,hat den EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award gewonnen
Award  |  09/24/2020

EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award for Niccolò Galli

On 10 September 2020, Niccolò Galli was awarded the EPIP Young Scholar Award in the category Law. He received the prize for his submitted paper on Patent Aggregation in Europe.

Niccolò Galli, doctoral student at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, won the EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award gewonnen
Niccolò Galli won the EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award, photo: EPIP
EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award Law Finalists Niccolò Galli, Tamar Khuchua, Maurizio Crupi
The Finalists in the category Law: Niccolò Galli (top right) with Tamar Khuchua (top center) and Maurizio Crupi (bottom left), photo: EPIP

The doctoral student, who is receiving support from the Institute as part of the EIPIN – Innovation Society European Joint Doctorate project, won the Award for his paper “Patent Aggregation in Europe: The Spotlight on Patent Licensing by Patent Aggregators”. It was judged the best legal paper submitted by a PhD researcher to the EPIP (European Policy for Intellectual Property) 2020 annual conference.


In his paper, he investigates patent licensing as a prominent patent aggregation activity from both legal and empirical stances. At the core, he analyses the licensing business of patent aggregators using a multiple case study based on triangulated direct and secondary data sources. His findings bring transparency to the otherwise nebulous licensing activities of patent aggregators and provide an informational basis for academic and political debates on patent aggregation.


EPIP is an international, independent, interdisciplinary, non-profit association of researchers that grew out of a network financed by the European Commission from 2003 to 2005. Every year, the EPIP conference gathers from all over the world scholars and practitioners interested in the economic, legal, political and managerial aspects of intellectual property rights.


During the gathering, which this year took place as an online conference, the EPIP Association awards two Young Scholar Awards for the best papers submitted by PhD students in law and economics/management. The EPIP Board evaluates submissions that have qualified in the general conference peer-review process.

Miscellaneous  |  09/23/2020

Inaugural Meeting of the Supervisory Board of the Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovation

Dietmar Harhoff, Member of the Supervisory Board, points out that the Agency will foster pioneering research with a wide range of application possibilities and promote radical innovations with outstanding potential to change the market with new products, services and value chains.

Dietmar Harhoff (right) with members of the Supervisory Bord of the SPRIND and Founding Director Raffael Laguna de la Vera (middle). Photo: SPRIND.

In July 2019, the founding commission chaired by Dietmar Harhoff had issued recommendations for the new Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovation (SPRIND). Based on these recommendations, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy have appointed the software entrepreneur and open source pioneer Rafael Laguna de la Vera founding director of the new Agency. The SprinD GmbH was founded on 16 December 2019, with headquarters in Leipzig. Sole shareholder is the Federal Republic of Germany, represented by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy.


The Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovation is closing a gap in the German innovation landscape. SPRIND identifies new, groundbreaking technologies for the major challenges of our time and ensures at the same time that the added value of emerging companies and industries remains in Germany and Europe.


On 22 September, the Supervisory Board of the Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovation was inaugurated. The board consists of up to ten members who both represent the Federal Government as 100% shareholder and bring expertise from science and industry to the board.


The Members of the Supervisory Board are:


  • Yasmin Fahimi, German Bundestag
  • Prof. Dietmar Harhoff, Ph.D., Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
  • Dr.-Ing. E. h. Peter Leibinger, TRUMPF GmbH + Co. KG (Chair of the Supervisory Board)
  • Dr. Kristina Klas, Federal Ministry of Finance
  • Susanne Klatten, SKion GmbH
  • Ronja Kemmer (designated), German Bundestag
  • Prof. Dr. Wolf-Dieter Lukas, Federal Ministry of Education and Research
  • Dr. Ulrich Nußbaum, Federal Ministry for Economic Affaits and Energy
  • Maximilian Viessmann, Viessmann Werke GmbH & Co. KG
  • Prof. Dr. Birgitta Wolff, Goethe University Frankfurt (Vice Chair of the Supervisory Board)

Chair of the Supervisory Board is Dr. Ing. E. h. Peter Leibinger, Chief Technology Officer (CTO) and Vice Chairman of the TRUMPF Group Management Board. He emphasizes, “In Germany, the cooperation between fundamental research, applied science and innovative companies should be expanded. We will be able to tap the full potential of our country if our research leads to marketable products, new jobs, and an international competitive edge in new industries. The Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovation can make an effective contribution to this.”


Vice Chair of the Supervisory Board is the President of the Goethe University Frankfurt, Prof. Dr. Birgitta Wolff. She explains, “We spend more than three percent of our gross national product on research and development, which puts us at the top in Europe. With SPRIND, we want to build a solid bridge from science to industry – a meeting place for outstanding minds in our country who not only want to think up the future, but also want to help shape it as researchers and entrepreneurs.”


At the inaugural meeting in Leipzig, the Supervisory Board has already made the decision to found a first project company, which is to drive a radical innovation in the generation of wind energy. The ground-mounted generator of the “Bendix wind turbine” can take full advantage of stronger winds without overloading the generator, which currently limits the performance of conventional wind turbines. “This is not only highly innovative from a technical point of view, but also economically gratifying”, says Raffael Laguna de la Vera.


Further innovation projects are currently in the validation phase. So far, almost 300 project proposals have been submitted and are being reviewed by a committee of experts.


More information:


Federal Agency for Disruptive Innovation (SPRIND)

Silke von Lewinski, Senior Research Fellow am max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb und außerordentliche Professorin an der Universität Zagreb
People  |  07/27/2020

Associate Professorship at the University of Zagreb for Silke von Lewinski

The expert for European, international and comparative copyright law, Silke von Lewinski, has become Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law at the University of Zagreb.

Silke von Lewinski, Senior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition and Associate Professor at the University of Zagreb
Silke von Lewinski has become Associate Professor at the University of Zagreb

Silke von Lewinski, Senior Research Fellow at the Institute, has been appointed as Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law at the University of Zagreb. Her research and teaching focuses on European, international and comparative copyright law, including challenges of new technologies. She will continue working at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich as well.


Silke von Lewinski is the author and co-author of several reference works, including the monograph “International Copyright Law and Policy” (Oxford/OUP 2008, Chinese edn. 2017) and the commentaries “European Copyright Law: A Commentary” (with Walter, Oxford/OUP 2010) and “The WIPO Treaties on Copyright” (with Reinbothe, Oxford/OUP, 2nd ed. 2015). Her numerous publications have appeared in more than 15 languages. She is also President of ALAI (Association Littéraire et Artistique Internationale) Germany and Vice President of ALAI.


In addition to teaching at the Munich Intellectual Property Law Center (MIPLC), she has frequently held visiting professorships and other teaching positions, inter alia at the universities of Paris (Panthéon-Sorbonne, Sud), Toulouse, Madrid, Québec, Montreal, Melbourne, Wuhan and Beijing. She was the First Walter Minton Visiting Scholar at Columbia University School of Law in New York, the First Distinguished Visitor to the IP Research Institute of Australia and The Hosier Distinguished Visiting IP Scholar at DePaul University in Chicago.


As a legal expert to the European Commission, she drafted the Rental Right Directive’s proposal and was a member of the EC delegation at the WIPO Diplomatic Conference 1996 (outcome: WCT, WPPT). At the WIPO Diplomatic Conferences 2012 (outcome: Beijing Treaty) and 2013 (outcome: Marrakesh Treaty), she was Deputy Head of Delegation for Germany. Starting in 1995, she was chief legal expert to governments of Eastern and Central European and former Soviet countries on their copyright legislation. In particular, in 2003, she advised the Croatian government on copyright to pave the way for accession to the EU.

An der Online-Konferenz “Fostering Innovation in Europe - Intellectual Property Policies and Law“ von der EIPIN Innovation Society und EUIPO nahmen Josef Drexl,Niccolò Galli, Vicente Zafrilla Diaz-Marta und Letizia Tomada teil
Event Report  |  07/22/2020

“Fostering Innovation in Europe”: Virtual Scientific Exchange for Early Stage Researchers

At the online conference “Fostering Innovation in Europe - Intellectual Property Policies and Law“ 14 Early Stage Researchers of the European Joint Doctorate project of the EIPIN Innovation Society had the opportunity to share their research results.

Josef Drexl, Niccolò Galli, Vicente Zafrilla Diaz-Marta and Letizia Tomada participated in the online conference "Fostering Innovation in Europe - Intellectual Property Policies and Law“ of EIPIN Innovation Society and EUIPO
The online conference "Fostering Innovation in Europe" gave 14 Early Stage Researchers the opportunity to share their research results. Photo: EIPIN/EUIPO

Notwithstanding the difficulties brought about by the Covid-19 pandemic, the European Joint Doctorate project of the EIPIN (European Intellectual Property Institutes Network) Innovation Society remains committed to pursuing its main objective: supporting high-quality doctoral research on the role of intellectual property (IP) as a complex adaptive system in innovation. At the online conference “Fostering Innovation in Europe - Intellectual Property Policies and Law” on 25 June all 14 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) who are currently finalising their doctoral theses had the opportunity to present their research outcomes. In organising the event, EIPIN built on the active support of the Partner Organisation European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) in Alicante. The Office also acted as the official host of the conference.


As the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition is a supporting institution of the EIPIN Innovation Society project, four representatives of the Institute actively took part in the event. Professor Josef Drexl, Managing Director at the Institute, moderated the Panel “Intellectual Property as a Complex Adaptive System” (Panel 1). Together with the ESRs, he discussed the relationship between IP rights and innovation stressing the tension between IP reward and access as the true innovation driver even in the foremost technological fields such as Artificial Intelligence. Furthermore, the three ESRs Niccolò Galli, Vicente Zafrilla Diaz-Marta and Letizia Tomada, whose doctoral theses are primarily supervised within the Institute, presented their research results during the conference.


The research results at a glance


During Panel 1 Niccolò Galli highlighted his research findings on the interplay between patent aggregation, innovation and EU competition law. Abandoning pejorative monikers such as patent trolling, he advocated for a conduct-based redefinition of patent aggregation as the building of ICT patent portfolios for subsequent non-manufacturing use. Based on such a redefinition he advanced an analytical framework to assess the possible innovation effects of patent aggregation activities within competition law analysis.


During the Panel “Governance of Production and Technologies” (Panel 2), Vicente Zafrilla Diaz-Marta focused his presentation on a very specific – and workable – proposal to prevent over- and underdisclosure of standard essential patents (SEPs) in the framework of standard developing organisations. His proposal builds on the aims of the disclosure system – primarily to ensure access of new market participants and secondarily to inform implementers for licencing purposes. It balances the incentives and dynamics that might encourage SEP holders to an under- or overdeclare SEPs or dissuade them from engaging in such behaviour.


During the Panel “Adjudication, Justice and Enforcement” (Panel 3), Letizia Tomada presented a part of her research findings concerning the implications of the establishment of the Unified Patent Court (UPC) for innovation of start-ups. She analysed certain UPC features that tend to favour strong established businesses over more financially constrained start-ups. The discussion focused on the lack of proximity to the litigation venue and the territorial scope of jurisdiction. Lastly, her presentation envisaged changes to the UPC Agreement to mitigate the existing imbalances.


Further information on the doctoral programme is available at the EIPIN-Innovation Society website.


This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no 721 733.

Miscellaneous  |  07/16/2020

Call for Papers – RISE3 Workshop

Researchers who would like to present a paper at the “3rd Research on Innovation, Science and Entrepreneurship Workshop” are invited to submit it until 30 August 2020.

For the third time now, the two-day event is organized by Ph.D. students and Postdocs of the Department for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research headed by Dietmar Harhoff to give young scholars the opportunity to present their work.


The RISE3 Workshop on 17 /18 December 2020 aims at stimulating a rigorous in-depth discussion of a selected number of research papers by Ph.D. students and Junior Postdocs, providing feedback and connecting with peers from other research institutions.


Keynote speaker of the RISE3 Workshops is Rosemarie Ziedonis (Boston University & NBER).


Please send your submissions as a PDF to rise_workshop(at)ip.mpg.de.


Get the Call for Papers

See RISE3 Workshop Website

14th Workshop on the Organisation, Economics and Policy of Scientific Research
Event Report  |  07/13/2020

14th Workshop on the Organisation, Economics and Policy of Scientific Research – Two Days of Lively Scientific Exchange in the Virtual Space

On 9 and 10 July 2020, the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition hosted the annual workshop “The Organisation, Economics and Policy of Scientific Research” jointly organized with the Technical University of Munich and the BRICK/Collegio Carlo Alberto, Turin.

The workshop was originally launched in Turin, but is now also held at other major research locations such as the Centre for Research on Entrepreneurship and Innovation at the University of Bath (2018) and the GREThA at the Université de Bordeaux-CNRS (2019).


Due to the current pandemic situation, the event, which was initially planned for the end of April, now took place very successfully in online format for the first time. The participants were welcomed by Michael E. Rose, Senior Research Fellow in the department Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research, and co-organizer Hanna Hottenrott, Professor of Economics of Innovation at the Technical University of Munich.


The 12 presentations in six sessions over two days were very well received by up to 70 participants. The afternoon sessions were particularly well attended, since, due to the time difference, researchers from the US were also able to zoom in. In addition to the presentations, virtual breakout rooms were hosted which allowed the researchers to make new contacts with other scientists for the first time in a long while.


The topics at a glance


The first session started by focusing on the question "How Scientists Search". The presenter showed how the search for antibodies can be biased by the ranking of search results. The second presentation discussed how novelty and impact of scientific articles in physics are related to team size.


The second session dealt with topics in the field of academic training. In Session 3, the first day of the workshop concluded with investigations on how scientists react to the sudden loss of research resources.


The second day opened with two presentations on questions of informal cooperation in economics. Session 5 focused on science funding: Both theoretical and empirical research findings on the optimal design of science funding programs were presented.


In the final workshop session, the presenters stressed, on the one hand, the importance of coherence and alignment with one’s previous research in order to obtain funding, as well as, on the other hand, that humor and curiosity are more important as drivers of path-breaking science than research awards.


See the complete program with all topics here.


More information on the workshop website and further impressions on Twitter under #woepsr2020.


We thank all organizing parties involved as well as all participants, speakers and discussants for a truly exceptional and inspiring workshop and look forward to WOEPSR 2021. The Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition will host the workshop again within the next two years and hopes to welcome the participants on site then.

Andrea Zappalaglio, Suelen Carls and Flavia Guerrieri haben beim ECTA Award den ersten Preis gewonnen, Geographische Herkunftsangaben für nicht-landwirtschaftliche Produkte, Marken- und Geschmacksmusterrecht, Urheberrecht
Award  |  07/13/2020

ECTA Award for Andrea Zappalaglio, Suelen Carls and Flavia Guerrieri

Andrea Zappalaglio, Suelen Carls and Flavia Guerrieri have been awarded the 1st prize in the prestigious ECTA Award. They received the prize for their contribution in the field of non-agricultural Geographical Indications (GIs) and their possible role in the future development of the EU sui generis GI regime.

Andrea Zappalaglio, Suelen Carls and Flavia Guerrieri have been awarded the 1st prize in the ECTA Award, Geographical Indications for non-agricultural products, European trademark and design law, copyright law
Suelen Carls, Andrea Zappalaglio and Flavia Guerrieri (v.l.n.r.) have been awarded the 1st prize in the ECTA Award

The three Institute researchers received the award for their publication “Sui Generis Geographical Indications for the Protection of Non-Agricultural Products in the EU: Can the Quality Schemes Fulfil the Task?”, which was published in the International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (IIC) at the beginning of the year. The paper analyses the suitability of the extension of the EU quality schemes – Protected Designations of Origin (PDOs) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGIs) – to the protection of non-agricultural products.


For their research the authors built upon a previously unpublished dataset and applied a mixed comparative and empirical methodology. From their research findings they derive recommendations for action that the EU legislature should take into consideration in case of an extension of the EU sui generis GI regime to non-agricultural products.


The European Communities Trade Mark Association (ECTA), founded in 1980, is the oldest European association whose more than 1,500 members are experts, academics and professionals in the fields of trademarks, geographical indications, and other areas of IP Law. The ECTA Award is given as a recognition of top-level research which is deemed of considerable importance for the advancement of European trademark and design law, copyright law or geographical indications law.


The complete publication can be found here

Smart IP for Latin America (SIPLA) hat eine eigene Website
Institute News  |  07/08/2020

“Smart IP for Latin America” With Its Own Website

Smart IP for Latin America has its own website that provides information about the Initiative's projects and events. Subscribers receive news on intellectual property and competition law in Latin America via a newsletter.

Smart IP for Latin America (SIPLA) has its own website
The website gives an overview of research activities and events of the Initiative

Smart IP for Latin America is a research Initiative of the Institute and provides a neutral forum for academic and political debate on intellectual property and competition law in the region. It aims to provide information and advice to science, politics, the industry and the public by offering evidence-based and impartial fundamental research. It is the intention of the participating scholars to support Latin America in realizing its full social, cultural and economic potential.


The Initiative is based on the idea that intellectual property protection can only promote the sustainable development of an economy when it is tailored to local market and competitive conditions and takes into account the countries’ specific characteristics.


Support of academics from all over Latin America


Smart IP for Latin America was initiated in 2018 in the course of a first conference in Santiago de Chile that brought together more than 50 participants including academics, lawyers and representatives of politics and industry. A second conference took place in Cartagena de Indias (Colombia) in spring 2019. In addition, several workshops were organized to advance the Initiative's ongoing research projects.


In autumn 2019 an office – the so-called “Observatorio“ – was established at the University of Buenos Aires to coordinate the Initiative’s research activities and events in close cooperation with the Max Planck Institute in Munich. In addition to its eight permanent members the Observatorio counts on the support of a large network of outstanding academics from all over Latin America who form part of the Initiative's research projects. The Initiative is also advised by an Advisory Committee whose members are internationally renowned experts from Latin America.


In 2020, the establishment of a scientific Association was set in motion to provide a networking platform for academic exchange and social interaction. In return for an annual fee, the members of the Association will become part of an expert network, receive regular updates on the Initiative's research findings and can attend the annual conference of Smart IP for Latin America. By participating in tendering processes for national, regional and international funding programs, the Association will collect subsidies to finance the research activities.


Five projects investigate protection standards


In five projects from different fields of law, the Initiative is currently addressing the broader issue of whether intellectual property systems in Latin America are suitable for a sustainable socio-economic development of the region. The methodological starting point is a comparative analysis of the legislation and jurisprudence in the countries that are most relevant for the respective project.


The objective of the project “Patent Flexibilities” is to analyse the extent to which the examined legal systems differ with regard to the subject matter of patent protection, its conditions and limitations. The participants of the project “International Technology Transfer” examine contractual and antitrust clauses and regulations that can promote or hinder technology transfer.


In the field of copyright, the goal of the project “Collective Management of Copyright and Related Rights“ is to find out how different systems of collective rights management function, what deficiencies exist and to what extent artists are able to generate income from them. Quality differentiation systems of local products are the focus of the project “Collective Distinctive Signs”. These include geographical indications, designations of origin, collective marks and quality seals. Through a comparative study of the differentiation systems in place in different countries the project will identify the needs of local producers.


Another focal point of the Initiative are bi- and multilateral treaties. With particular focus on the free trade agreement negotiated between the Mercosur countries and the EU last year, the project “Free Trade Agreements” will explore whether the Latin American countries concerned are in a position to derive the expected benefit from the agreement.