Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Gerhard Schricker, max Planck Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb
Miscellaneous  |  04/15/2021

In memoriam Gerhard Schricker (1935-2021)

On 6 April 2021 Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Gerhard Schricker, Director of the Institute from 1971 to 2003, passed away at the age of 85.

[Translate to english:]
Gerhard Schricker was Director of the Institute from 1971 to 2003, Photo & Copyright by Jean Guyaux

The growth of the Institute’s scientific reputation during his tenure is due in great measure to his scientific achievements in the fields of unfair competition and copyright law. With large-scale comparative law studies he laid the foundations for the European harmonisation in unfair competition law, where his primary concern was a consumer-protection orientation of the field. Subsequent generations of scholars associate his name above all with the leading commentary on German copyright law that he founded. Not only was he a pervasive and system-building force in the field of copyright. He also fought for legislative improvements to the contractual protection of authors, while sending clear messages to adversaries. He received many honours for his scientific achievements, chief among them honorary doctorates from the Université Libre de Bruxelles, the University of Stockholm and Yonsei University in Seoul.

In Germany and many other parts of the world one encounters an impressive number of his former PhD candidates and students who today hold leading positions in legal scholarship and practice. Furthermore, as a full professor at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich one of his highest priorities was always the training of undergraduate students. Thus he did not hesitate to take on the double burden of directing the Institute on his own after the retirement of his colleague and close friend Friedrich-Karl Beier, while at the same time carrying out his main duties at the University until his scheduled retirement date.

Nor were these later years an easy time for the Institute, whose very existence was at stake. Gerhard Schricker succeeded in turning the tide and securing its continuation. This was due primarily to his proposal to establish a globally leading course of studies in intellectual property law in collaboration with partner universities, at the time an attractive science policy move for the Max Planck Society. The appointment of not one but several new directors just after the turn of the millennium and the creation of the degree programme at the Munich Intellectual Property Law Center offered together with the University of Augsburg, TU Munich and George Washington University show that Gerhard Schricker deserves particular gratitude for having paved the way for the Institute’s future.

Most of the Institute’s current employees were not able to get to know Gerhard Schricker personally, as shortly after his retirement ill health forced him to give up his research activities and retire completely into private family life. It is there that he has died after many years of serious illness. He will be remembered by many for his refined mind, his constant and caring support and at the same time for his modest nature.

Personal Webpage of Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Gerhard Schricker

Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt, Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, Professur für Recht der Digitalgüter, Wirtschafts- und Wettbewerbsrecht Law of Digital Goods, Commerce and Competition, TUM School of Management
People  |  04/09/2021

Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt Appointed to Professorship of Law of Digital Goods, Commerce and Competition at TU Munich

Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt has been appointed as a university professor (W3, tenured) at Technical University Munich (TUM). He holds the professorship of Law of Digital Goods, Commerce and Competition at TUM School of Management.

Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition,Professorship of Law of Digital Goods, Commerce and Competitionn, TUM School of Management
Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt holds the professorship of Law of Digital Goods, Commerce and Competition at TUM School of Management

Prior to his appointment at TU Munich Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt worked as a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute in the Intellectual Property and Competition Law Department with Professor Josef Drexl. He will continue to be associated with the Institute as an Affiliated Research Fellow after his move. In his research and teaching Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt focuses on topics such as the law of the digital economy, platform markets, data-driven economy, competition law and policy, entrepreneurial strategies and innovation activities, as well as law and economics.

Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt holds graduate degrees in law as well as in economics. He studied law (First and Second Juridical State Exam) at the Ludwig Maximilian University Munich (Dr. iur., PhD in law), at NYU Law School (LL.M. (NYU)), in Würzburg and at the Université de Genève. In economics, he attended the University of Karlsruhe (Dr. rer. pol.), the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), the Stern Business School (NYU) in New York and the University of Würzburg. His legal and academic practice includes working at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, at the universities of Munich, Würzburg and Harvard, in the Foreign Service at the German Embassy in London and at the United Nations (UNCTAD).  

Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt has been awarded the Faculty Prize of the University of Munich and the Prize of the Munich Law Society. He has obtained scholarship funding from the European Recovery Program (ERP), the German Ministry of Economics, the German National Academic Foundation, the Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property (GRUR) and the VG Wort.

Miscellaneous  |  03/19/2021

Studentische Hilfskräfte (m/w/d) zur Datensatzaufbereitung gesucht!

Die Abteilung Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research sucht ab sofort Unterstützung bei der Datensatzaufbereitung. Bewerben können sich Studierende aller Fachrichtungen mit zuverlässiger und sorgfältiger Arbeitsweise, die gängige Office-Software (Word/Excel) sicher beherrschen, fundierte Deutschkenntnisse haben und während der Semesterferien in einem kurzfristigen konzentrierten Einsatz bei hochschulüblicher Bezahlung arbeiten möchten.

Zum Stellenangebot als PDF.

Direkt zur Online-Bewerbung.

Miscellaneous  |  02/08/2021

Call for Papers – Munich Summer Institute 2021

Researchers who would like to present a paper are invited to submit it online until 15 March 2021.

From 7 to 9 June 2021, the Center for Law & Economics at ETH Zurich, the Chair for Technology and Innovation Management at TUM, the Chair for Economics of Innovation at TUM,  the Institute for Strategy, Technology and Organization at LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition will jointly organize the fifth Munich Summer Institute.

The Summer Institute will focus on three areas:

The goal of the Munich Summer Institute is to stimulate a rigorous in-depth discussion of a select number of research papers and to strengthen the interdisciplinary international research community in these areas. Researchers in economics, law, management and related fields at all stages of their career (from Ph.D. students to full professors) may attend the Munich Summer Institute as presenters in a plenary or a poster session, as discussants or as attendants. The Munich Summer Institute will feature three keynote lectures, 12 plenary presentations and a daily poster session (including a poster slam). The Munich Summer Insti-tute focuses on quantitative empirical research. Participation in the Munich Summer Institute is by invitation only. 

Keynote speakers are:

Paper submission procedure

Researchers who would like to present a paper are invited to submit their paper online until 15 March 2021. The Munich Summer Institute only considers pa-pers which have not been published or accepted for publication at the date of submission. Paper selections will be announced in late April 2021. The program of the Munich Summer Institute will be available in early May 2021. Final papers will be made available to conference participants on a public website, and are due on 15 May 2021. Researchers who would like to attend the Munich Summer Institute without giving a presentation should contact one of the organizers by 15 May 2021. 

Further information

More information is available at the MSI website. Any questions concerning the Munich Summer Institute should be directed to Stefan Bechtold, Jörg Claussen, Dietmar Harhoff, Joachim Henkel, Hanna Hottenrott or Tobias Kretschmer.

Event Report  |  01/15/2021

RISE3 Workshop 2020 – Two Days of Intense Scientific Exchange for Young Scholars

On 17 and 18 December 2020, 40 international young researchers from over 25 universities across Europe, the US and Canada attended the 3rd Research in Innovation, Science and Entrepreneurship Workshop (RISE3).

For the third time now, the two-day event was organized by Ph.D. students and Postdocs of the Department for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research to give young scholars the opportunity to present and discuss their work.

On the first day, the workshop was kicked off with a session on Intellectual Property Rights, followed by sessions on Science of Science and Individuals in the Knowledge Economy. Speakers presented research findings related to the strategic drafting of patents, trademark enforcement and counterfeiting, the effect of government funding on follow-on innovation, and voluntary employee representation and its effects on innovation. The final presentation of the day shed light on the gender innovation gap by analyzing gender differential responses to early patent rejections.

The highlight of the first day was the keynote speech by Rosemarie Ziedonis and Sina Khoshoskhan who presented results on “Forty Years of Research on Intellectual Property and Innovation: Dominant Themes and New Horizons”. An interactive discussion emerged on what makes a scientific paper interesting, stand the test of time, and be considered at the frontier of its field.

The second day offered interesting insights on Firms and Innovation, Takeovers and Investment, as well as AI and Innovation. Young scholars presented research on the global innovation strategies of multinational firms, the impact of common ownership on markups, the innovation effects of killer acquisitions, and the effect of angel investments on corporate innovation. In the last session, the researchers focused on who is shaping AI given the differential access to computing power, and on the barriers to growth firms encounter in developing AI.

See the complete program with all topics here and find the coverage on Twitter under #RISE3Workshop.

The RISE workshop series aims at stimulating a rigorous in-depth discussion of a selected number of research papers by Ph.D. students and Junior Postdocs, providing feedback and connecting with peers from other research institutions. Accordingly, the workshop brings together young researchers from all over Europe and the US with researchers from the Munich Innovation Community.

We thank all participants, including the keynote speakers, discussants and presenters for a truly outstanding RISE3 Workshop 2020. Our special thanks go to the organizing team, especially to Cristina Rujan, Timm Opitz, Kathrin Wernsdorf, and Felix Poege. With great enthusiasm and motivation, we look forward to the RISE4 Workshop 2021 ‒ then hopefully again in person at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich.

“International Conference on Trade Secret Protection“ Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb . Luc Desaunettes-Barbero
Event Report  |  01/12/2021

“International Conference on Trade Secret Protection” - New Paths for Asia

Since the protection of trade secrets in Asia has not been sufficiently researched so far, in December 2020 the Institute participated in the organization of the “International Conference on Trade Secret Protection” in Taiwan. The program focused in particular on practices of trade secret protection in various Asian jurisdictions and the approach of the European Union.

“International Conference on Trade Secret Protection“ Max Planck Institut for Innovation and Competition, Luc Desaunettes-Barbero
Agenda of the “International Conference on Trade Secret Protection” held in Taiwan in December 2020.

Trade secret protection law has gained in importance over the last two decades in many parts of the world, including Asia. Nevertheless, there have been hardly any systematic studies on this from Asian countries thus far.

In order to discuss the various regulatory approaches to secrecy protection in more depth, the Institute participated as co-organizer in the “International Conference on Trade Secret Protection”, which was jointly organized with the Singapore Management University, the National Taiwan University and the Taiwan Intellectual Property Law Association in December last year. Participants were also able to follow the event via live stream.

The program provided a detailed analysis of legislation and case law in ten Asian countries. Legal systems based on a civil law tradition, such as those of the People's Republic of China, Japan and Korea and those based on a common law tradition, like Hong Kong, India and Singapore, were represented. Issues discussed included the validity and scope of confidentiality and non-competition clauses, the burden of proof for trade secrets and infringement and criminal prosecution of trade secret infringement.

To serve Asian countries as a benchmark for their own legislative process, the conference also focused on the approach of the European Union. Luc Desaunettes-Barbero, who attended the conference online as a representative of the Institute, gave an overview of trade secret protection law in the European Union and illustrated this with examples of its transposition in certain Member States, particularly Germany and France.

Porträt von Direktor Prof. Dietmar Harhoff, Ph.D.
People  |  12/23/2020

Dietmar Harhoff Appointed as Expert to the Bavarian AI Council

To strengthen research in the field of artificial intelligence, a statewide AI network will be stretched across Bavaria as part of the HighTech Agenda Bavaria. The Bavarian AI Council with leading experts from science and industry will provide scientific and professional advice to the Bavarian AI Agency, which is being set up at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities (BAdW).

Porträt von Direktor Prof. Dietmar Harhoff, Ph.D.
Dietmar Harhoff was appointed as an expert to the Bavarian AI Council.

In order to bundle existing competencies in science, industry and society, build a tight and synergistic network, and make it internationally visible, a Bavarian AI Agency is being established at the Leibniz Supercomputing Center of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities.

The AI agency will link research activities around artificial intelligence, machine learning and automation across the state. To promote AI and large-scale strategic projects, the agency will forge partnerships among research institutions as well as with companies and organizations. Through the resulting network, innovative smart applications and technologies from the scientific environment will be made available for general use. Another important objective of the AI agency is the scouting of specialists in this field. For the implementation of these strategic goals, the AI Agency cooperates closely with the AI Council.

The Bavarian AI Council, which provides expert advice and also represents the network externally, reflects a balanced spectrum of representatives with different research backgrounds from Bavarian universities, universities of applied sciences, and non-university research institutions as well as from the industry. The 21 Bavarian-based members of the AI Council were appointed by the Ministries of Science, Economic Affairs, and Digital Affairs. The inaugural meeting of the Council took place on 22 December 2020.

New Technologies and Projects for AI made in Bavaria

The Bavarian AI Council is chaired by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Sami Haddadin, Director of the Munich School of Robotics and Machine Intelligence, and Chair of Robotics and Systems Intelligence at the Technical University of Munich (TUM).

He emphasizes: “The human being at the center of AI must be more than a leitmotif: It must be our guiding principle for action. AI, used as a tool, should help make our lives better. I am committed to ensuring that, starting from internationally visible cutting-edge research, AI technologies emerge for the benefit of people and society ‒ be it in medicine, the work environment, or mobility. This is especially true when it comes to using AI to tackle the global challenges of our time: demographic change and climate change.”

Co-chairs are Prof. Dr. Dr. Fabian Theis from Helmholtz Zentrum München, representing non-university research, and Thomas Hahn, Chief Expert Software at Siemens AG and President of the Big Data Value Association (BDVA), representing the industry.

Important Impulses for a Targeted Policy

The Bavarian AI Council is also set to provide important impetus to policymakers in the further strategic development of AI activities in Bavaria. Prof. Dietmar Harhoff, Ph.D., Director at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, points out: “Artificial intelligence is one of the pivotal technologies for the future. AI research and AI applications can be further strengthened through wise measures ‒ for the benefit of the public. The AI Council can play a central role in developing courses of action for a targeted AI policy.”

The establishment of the Bavarian AI Agency and the AI Council complements the Bavarian AI strategy of the HighTech Agenda Bavaria and the accelerator program HighTech Agenda Plus.

Heiko Richter, wissenschaftlicher Referent am Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, wurde on als Infrastrukfür seine Dissertation „Informatitur – zu einem wettbewerbs- und innovationsbezogenen Ordnungsrahmen für Informationen des öffentlichen Sektors“ mit dem Humboldt-Preis 2020 ausgezeichnet
Award  |  11/05/2020

Heiko Richter Receives Humboldt Prize for His Dissertation

Heiko Richter, Senior Research Fellow at the Institute, was awarded the Humboldt Prize 2020 for his dissertation “Information as Infrastructure – Towards a Competition- and Innovation-Oriented Framework for Public Sector Information”.

Heiko Richter, Senior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, was awarded the Humboldt Prize 2020 for his dissertation “Information as Infrastructure – Towards a Competition- and Innovation-Oriented Framework for Public Sector Information”.
Heiko Richter received the Humboldt Prize 2020 for his dissertation

For many people in the digital age it has become a matter of course to be able to use applications such as weather apps, digital city maps or interactive maps of infection spread at any time. These offers are based on data provided by the public sector. Public sector information is thus omnipresent in everyday life – often unnoticed by the users themselves. For the stability and the prosperity of an open information society, it is crucial that this information is in principle accessible to everyone. This raises the question of how rules should be designed to achieve the best possible use of public sector information.

Heiko Richter pursues this question in his dissertation entitled “Information as Infrastructure – Towards a Competition- and Innovation-Oriented Framework for Public Sector Information”. In this context, he brings together the public law regulations on the access to and dissemination of information, EU competition law and intellectual property law in a comprehensive infrastructure approach. Based on this approach, specific regulatory frameworks for public sector information can be further developed in a competition- and innovation-oriented manner. The study thus creates a new level of knowledge and reflection on the role of information for the economy, society and state.

Finally, the dissertation provides concrete recommendations for action on how the EU and its member states can adapt existing law in order to create and secure the functional conditions of a liberal society in the midst of the digital transformation. The study thus bridges the gap between legal-interdisciplinary fundamental research and the setting of rules. Accordingly, its results are just as relevant for academics in the applicable fields of law, as they are for decision-makers in legal policy.

With the Humboldt Prize, the Humboldt University of Berlin annually honors outstanding scientific work at university level at the opening of the academic year. So far, jurisprudential studies have been awarded the Prize relatively rarely. The dissertation will be published in 2021 by Mohr Siebeck Verlag.

All winners of the Humboldt Prize 2020 can be found here.

Josef Drexl, Geschäftsführender Direktor am Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, ist Mitglieder der Data Governance Working Group der Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)
People  |  11/04/2020

Josef Drexl Appointed as Expert in the “Global Partnership on AI”

This summer, the Federal Republic of Germany appointed Josef Drexl as an expert in the newly founded Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI). There, the Institute's Managing Director is a member of the Data Governance Working Group.

 Josef Drexl, Managing Director at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, is member of the Data Governance Working Group of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)a
Josef Drexl was appointed as expert in the Data Governance Working Group of the Global Partnership on AI.

On 17 June 2020, 14 founding members (Australia, Canada, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) launched the "Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)”. GPAI was jointly initiated and conceived by Canada and France during their G7 presidencies (2018, 2019).

GPAI seeks to enhance the responsible implementation of AI in the spirit of human rights, democratic values, inclusion and diversity, while promoting innovation and economic growth as well as the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

GPAI establishes a global multi-stakeholder forum that brings together experts from research, politics, the economy and civil society to promote research and make recommendations for political decision-makers. GPAI conducts its activities in the framework of working groups established for the following topics:

  • Responsible AI
  • Data Governance
  • The Future of Work
  • Innovation and Commercialization

Moreover, it was decided to establish another ad hoc working group dealing with the use of AI to overcome the current COVID-19 pandemic.

First results of the Data Governance group

Josef Drexl, Managing Director of the Institute, was appointed by the Federal Republic of Germany as an expert for the Data Governance Working Group. This group has the mandate to contribute with its research and recommendations to the goal that the collection, use, sharing, archiving and deletion of data is in accordance with GPAI's stated objectives.

Having started its activities immediately after the launch of GPAI, the Data Governance Working Group has already drafted a “GPAI Data Governance Framework” as a basis for its future work and mandated an independent research institution to prepare a report on the “Role of Data in AI”. As a next step, three sub-groups will address the technical, institutional and legal dimensions of data governance.

To provide administrative support to GPAI, a Secretariat has been established at OECD in Paris. The activities of the working groups are coordinated by two newly created Centres of Expertise in Paris and Montreal. The Centre for Expertise for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence in Montreal coordinates the activities of the Data Governance Working Group.

Niccolò Galli, Doktorand am Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb,hat den EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award gewonnen
Award  |  09/24/2020

EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award for Niccolò Galli

On 10 September 2020, Niccolò Galli was awarded the EPIP Young Scholar Award in the category Law. He received the prize for his submitted paper on Patent Aggregation in Europe.

Niccolò Galli, doctoral student at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, won the EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award gewonnen
Niccolò Galli won the EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award, photo: EPIP
EPIP 2020 Young Scholar Award Law Finalists Niccolò Galli, Tamar Khuchua, Maurizio Crupi
The Finalists in the category Law: Niccolò Galli (top right) with Tamar Khuchua (top center) and Maurizio Crupi (bottom left), photo: EPIP

The doctoral student, who is receiving support from the Institute as part of the EIPIN – Innovation Society European Joint Doctorate project, won the Award for his paper “Patent Aggregation in Europe: The Spotlight on Patent Licensing by Patent Aggregators”. It was judged the best legal paper submitted by a PhD researcher to the EPIP (European Policy for Intellectual Property) 2020 annual conference.

In his paper, he investigates patent licensing as a prominent patent aggregation activity from both legal and empirical stances. At the core, he analyses the licensing business of patent aggregators using a multiple case study based on triangulated direct and secondary data sources. His findings bring transparency to the otherwise nebulous licensing activities of patent aggregators and provide an informational basis for academic and political debates on patent aggregation.

EPIP is an international, independent, interdisciplinary, non-profit association of researchers that grew out of a network financed by the European Commission from 2003 to 2005. Every year, the EPIP conference gathers from all over the world scholars and practitioners interested in the economic, legal, political and managerial aspects of intellectual property rights.

During the gathering, which this year took place as an online conference, the EPIP Association awards two Young Scholar Awards for the best papers submitted by PhD students in law and economics/management. The EPIP Board evaluates submissions that have qualified in the general conference peer-review process.