Artha Dermawan

Doctoral Student

Intellectual Property and Competition Law

+49 89 24246-5270

Areas of Interest:

Copyright Law; Patent Law; Traditional Knowledge of Indigenous and Local Communities; Regulatory Framework in the Context of Digitized Music Industry and Sustainable Artificial Intelligence Systems; Philosophy of Arts, Innovation and Incentive Mechanism.

Academic Résumé

Since 2022
Doctoral Student at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Since 02/2022
Doctoral studies (LL.D)
Faculty of Law, University of Lapland, Finland

2019 – 2020
Master’s Degree in Intellectual Property Law (with honours)
Master’s thesis: “Indonesian Music Law Proposal: The Need for Fair and Equitable Remuneration for Musicians in the Digitized Music Industry”
Advanced Master of Intellectual Property Law and Knowledge Management (IPKM), Maastricht University, the Netherlands.

Bar examination, Indonesian qualified lawyer (PERADI)

2015 – 2018
Bachelor’s Degree in Law (with honours)
Bachelor’s thesis: “Taxi Online under the Indonesian Consumer Protection Law Microscope”
Universitas Pendidikan Nasional, Indonesia

Work Experience

03/2024 – 06/2024
Visiting Researcher
Intellectual Property Research Institute of Australia
School of Law, the University of Melbourne, Australia

09/2020 – 02/2021
Key Account Pricing Admin
Deutsche Post und DHL, Maastricht, the Netherlands

01/2019 – 08/2019
Legal Officer
Cekindo Business International (In Corp), Jakarta, Indonesia

01/2018 – 01/2019
Legal Intern
Juliana, Silaen and Partners Law Office, Bali, Indonesia

06/2016 – 08/2016
Summer Legal Intern
Le Meridien Hotels and Resorts, Bali, Indonesia

Scholarships, Academic Prizes and Honors

Max Planck Law International Exchange Program
The fully-funded exchange program is jointly organized by Max Planck Law and the University of Melbourne Law School. The program links two of the world's most dynamic and prestigious institutions for the study of law.

ATRIP Essay Competition - 2nd Prize
International competition for young researchers in intellectual property law awarded by the International Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property (ATRIP) and sponsored by the International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI).

2019 – 2020
StuNed Scholarship
Highly Competitive International Scholarship for studying master degree in the Netherlands awarded by the Kingdom of the Netherlands

‘Paramita Sadhuguna Nugaraha’ Award
The highest award given to the most meritorious student in every law course
Universitas Pendidikan Nasional, Indonesia


Perhimpunan Advokat Indonesia (PERADI), Indonesia


Contributions to Collected Editions, Commentaries, Handbooks and Encyclopaedias

Artificial Intelligence and Consensus-Based Remuneration Regime in Southeast Asia, in: Law, Governance and Technology Series, Springer, Berlin 2024, forthcoming (together with Péter Mezei).

    Sustainable Patent Governance of Artificial Intelligence. Recalibrating the European Patent System to Foster Innovation (SDG 9), in: Bita Amani, Caroline Ncube, Matthew Rimmer (eds.), The Elgar Companion on Intellectual Property and the Sustainable Development Goals, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA, USA 2024, 299 - 322 (together with Guido Noto La Diega, Gabriele Cifrodelli).

      Beasiswa di Belanda, in: Febi Junaidi (ed.), Beasiswa Dunia Bayar Kegagalan Dengan Beasiswa, Youth Break the Boundaries 2020, 10 - 20.

        Journal Articles

        AI vs. Copyright: How Could Public Interest Theory Shift the Discourse?, Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 2024, forthcoming. DOI

          Text and Data Mining Exceptions in the Development of Generative AI Models: What the EU Member States Could Learn from the Japanese 'Non-Enjoyment' Purposes?, Journal of World Intellectual Property 27, 1 (2024), 44 - 68. DOI

          • The European Union (EU) text and data mining (TDM) provisions are a progressive move, but the horizon is still uncertain for both generative artificial intelligence (GenAI) models researchers and developers. This article suggests that to drive innovation and further the commitment to the digital single market, during the national implementation, EU Member States could consider taking the Japanese broad, all-encompassing and “nonenjoyment-based” TDM as an example. The Japanese “nonenjoyment” purposes, however, are not foreign to the European continental view of copyright. A similar concept can be found under the German concept of “Freier Werkgenuss” or enjoyment of the work. A flexible TDM exception built upon the German notion of nonenjoyment purposes could become an opening clause to foster innovation and creativity in the age of GenAI. Moreover, the article argues that an opening clause allowing TDM with “nonenjoyment” purposes could be permissible under the so-called three-step test. This article further suggests, if there is no political will to safeguard “the right to read should be the right to mine” and to provide a welcoming environment for GenAI researchers and developers, when shaping the legal interpretation through national case law, the EU Member States could consider the following: (1) advocate for 72 h of response if technological protection measures (TPMs) are preventing TDM, and (2) Robot Exclusion Standard (robot.txt) as a warning when TDM is not allowed on a website. It is now in the hands of the EU Member States, whether to protect the interests of rightholders or to create a balance between safeguarding “the right to read should be the right to mine,” protecting rightholders exclusivity, and creating a supportive environment for the GenAI models researcher and developers.

          Aktualisasi Penerapan Nilai Normatif Kebebasan Berekspresi di Indonesia oleh Warga Negara dan Mahkamah Konstitusi, Jurnal Analisis Hukum 2.1 (2019), 1 - 20.

          • Posisi Kebebasan Pers di Indonesia memiliki tempatnya sendiri dalam Konstitusi Indonesia dan peraturan lainnya. Dari waktu ke waktu, sejak awal kemerdekaan hingga era reformasi, posisi pers berdasarkan perspektif konstitusional memiliki perubahan yang cukup dinamis. Itu dimulai ketika perumusan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945, disahkannya Undang-Undang Dasar Republik Indonesia pada tahun 1949, Konstitusi Sementara pada tahun 1950, dan masa UUD 1945 UUD dengan beberapa amandemen sesudahnya, hingga diundangkannya Undang-Undang No. 40 tahun 1999 Tentang Pers. Dalam mewujudkan hak-hak konstitusional yang diluruskan terhadap kebebasan pers di Indonesia, dibutuhkan kerja sama sinergis antara warga negara sebagai subjek dan Mahkamah Konstitusi sebagai lembaga terkemuka yang melaksanakan misi penting pelurusan konstitusi negara. Sementara itu, peran yang dapat diambil oleh warga negara mungkin adalah pemberian dukungan penuh kepada para pelaku pers di negara ini, dan peran Mahkamah Konstitusi yang dapat diambil adalah dalam bentuk implementasi konkret terhadap petisi untuk peninjauan kembali yudisial. Uji yang diajukan Produk hukum komunitas terhadap kebebasan pers yang bertentangan dengan undang-undang.
          • The position of The Freedom of Pers in Indonesia has its own place in the Indonesian
            Constitution and theirs other regulation. From time to time, since the beginning of
            independence to the reform era, the position of press based of the constitutional perspective
            in term has a dynamic change. It is begin when the formulation of the 1945 Constitution, the
            enactment of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Stated in 1949, Temporary
            Constitution in 1950, and the time of the UUD’s 1945 Constitution with some amendments afterwards, until the promulgation of Act No. 40 of 1999 Concerning the press. In realizing
            the constitutional rights straightening against press freedom in Indonesia, it takes a
            synergistic cooperation between citizens as subjects and the Constitutional Court as the
            leading institution carrying out the important mission of Constitution straightening of the
            country. Meanwhile, the role can be taken by citizens may be the granting of full support to
            the perpetrators of the press in the country, and the role of the Constitutional Court may be taken is in the form of implementation of concrete against the petition for judicial review Test proposed Community legal products against press freedom in opposition to the legislation.

          Further Publications, Press Articles, Interviews

          The Jakarta Effect: Could Southeast Asia’s Consensus-Based Remuneration Approach Be the Blueprint for Human-Centric AI?, Kluwer Copyright Blog 2023 (together with Peter Mezei).

          Apple Vision Pro: Here's How Spatial Computing Could Benefit Intellectual Property, From Lapland with Law: The Blog of the University of Lapland Faculty of Law 2023.

          Fan-Powered Royalties (FPR) for Artists in the Age of Online Music Platforms: A Leading Edge or Another 'Meh.'?, From Lapland with Law - The Blog of the University of Lapland Faculty of Law 2023 10.01.2023.

            Generative Artificial Intelligence and Copyright, in: Proceedings of the AI and IP Research jointly organised by Centre d'études internationales de la propriété intellectuelle (CEIPI) University of Strasbourg and Institut für Internationales Recht, Geistiges Eigentum und Technikrecht (IRGET) TU Dresden), Centre d'études internationales de la propriété intellectuelle (CEIPI); Institut für Internationales Recht, Geistiges Eigentum und Technikrecht (IRGET) TU Dresden, Strasbourg; Dresden 2023, 12 - 25.

            • Event: AI and IP Research Atelier Workshop, Strasbourg, 2022-05-19


            On the Cambrian Explosion of Emotional Generative AI: Could the Common Framework of Copyright Be the Way Forward for the ASEAN?
            Regulating Artificial Intelligence Workshop at the University of Lapland, Finland
            Location: Online

            On Generative Artificial Intelligence vs. Copyright Law: What’s Next?
            The Nordic Conference on Law and Information Technology 2023
            Law, AI and Society – Regulating AI-Based Technology as Transition to a Sustainable, Resilient and Inclusive Future
            Location: Rovaniemi, Finland

            The ASEAN Way: An Author Centric Approach to Regulating Artificial Intelligence Systems
            Inaugural Asian Intellectual Property Scholars Conference 2023
            Location: Seattle, USA

            Sustainable Patent Governance of Artificial Intelligence in the EU
            23rd Intellectual Property Scholars Conference 2023
            Location: New York City, USA

            Fair and Equitable Remuneration for Musicians in the Digitized Music Industry: Development and Challenges in Indonesia
            IP Researchers Europe Conference 2023
            Location: Geneva, Switzerland

            Sustainable Patent Governance of Artificial Intelligence. Recalibrating the European Patent System to Build Resilient Infrastructure, Promote Inclusive and Sustainable Industrialization, and Foster Innovation (SDG 9)
            GAI-2023: Governing Artificial Intelligence: Designing Legal and Regulatory Responses
            Location: Brussels, Belgium

            Text and Data Mining Exceptions in the Development of Generative AI Models: What the EU Member States Could Learn from the Japanese ‘Non-Enjoyment’ Purposes?
            The 5th IP Researchers in Asia (IPIRA) Conference 2023
            Location: Singapore

            Can Artificial Intelligence and Patent Law be Regulated to Achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals?
            Istanbul Youth Summit 2023
            Location: Istanbul, Turkey

            Intellectual Property Law, Artificial Intelligence and the Metaverse
            WhatNext.Law Conference 2023: Living Together in the Cities of the Future and the Metaverse
            Location: Lisbon, Portugal

            Fan-Powered Royalties (FPR) for Musicians in the Digitized Music Platforms: A New Alternative to the Pro-Rata System?
            The Second IP/IT Colloquium and Recreating Europe Conference on Video Games: Accessibility and Cultural Heritage in the Digital Age
            Location: University of Szeged, Hungary

            Text and Data Mining Exceptions in the Development of Creative AI-Assisted Output
            Research Atelier AI and IP Organized by IRGET, TU Dresden and CEIPI, University of Strasbourg
            Location: Institute for Civil Law, Intellectual Property Media and Data Protection Law (IRGET), TU Dresden, Germany

            Roadmap to Creative AI-Assisted Outputs and Copyright Law: An Introduction
            University of Lapland Doctoral Seminar (Research & Methodology)
            Location: Online