Klaus Keller, M.A.

Doctoral Student and Junior Research Fellow

Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research

+49 89 24246-580
klaus.keller(at)ip.mpg.de

Areas of Interest:

International Trade, Labor Economics, Applied Econometrics, Automation and Artificial Intelligence

Academic Résumé

04/2022 - 05/2022
Visiting Researcher, Boston University, Technology & Policy Research Initiative, Boston, MA, USA, Host: James Bessen

Since 07/2019
Junior Research Fellow and Doctoral Candidate at Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research)

03/2019 - 07/2019
Junior Research Officer, International Labour Organisation (ILO), Geneva, Switzerland

09/2018 - 03/2019
Research Internship, International Labour Organisation (ILO), Geneva, Switzerland

06/2018 - 09/2018
Research Internship, World Trade Organization (WTO), Geneva, Switzerland

01/2018 - 02/2018
Research Internship, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel

09/2017 - 12/2017
Swiss Mobility Exchange, University of St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland

09/2016 - 09/2018
Master of Arts (M.A.) in Internatonal Economics, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, Switzerland

06/2016 - 09/2016
Traineeship, Delegation of the European Union to Switzerland and the Principality of Liechtenstein, Bern, Switzerland

02/2016 - 04/2016
Internship, Permanent Mission of the Sovereign Military Order of St.John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta to the United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

09/2014 - 05/2015
Exchange Scholarship, Faculty of Art and Sciences, American University of Beirut, Lebanon

09/2012 - 06/2017
Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in International Relations, Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland

Honors, Scholarships, Academic Prizes

09/2018 - 03/2019
Carlo-Schmid-Program, Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD)

2017 - 2018
Cusanuswerk Scholarship

2011
Schaeffler-Prize for the best scientific baccalaureate

Publications

Further Publications, Press Articles, Interviews

Keller, Klaus; Scheuerer, Stefan; Wiedemann, Klaus (2021). 'New Directions in the European Union's Innovation Policy?' Report on the Conference of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Collaboration with the MPI Alumni Association in Munich, 9 July 2021, GRUR International - Journal of European and International IP Law, 70 (11), 1074-1078. DOI

    Discussion Papers

    Bastos, Paulo; Flach, Lisandra; Keller, Klaus (2023). Robotizing to Compete? Firm-Level Evidence, Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 23-23. DOI

    • We investigate the impact of product market competition on firms’ automation investments. We use a rich combination of micro-data on Portuguese exporters and exploit a novel source of variation in the degree of competition they face – a tariff liberalization between the European Union and Central and Eastern European countries in the 1990s. We find that firms facing greater competition in export markets tend to reduce investments in automation technologies. These average negative effects are driven by the least productive firms, while the most efficient exporters in industries that are more prone to automation tend to robotize in order to compete. These findings suggest that an increase in the degree of product market competition widens disparities between firms.

    Azar, José; Chugunova, Marina; Keller, Klaus; Samila, Sampsa (2023). Monopsony and Automation, Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 23-21.

    • We examine the impact of labor market power on firms’ adoption of automation technologies. We develop a model that incorporates labor market power into the task-based theory of automation. We show that, due to higher marginal cost of labor, monopsonistic firms have stronger incentives to automate than wage-taking firms, which could amplify or mitigate the negative employment effects of automation. Using data from US commuting zones, our results show that commuting zones that are more exposed to industrial robots exhibit considerably larger reductions in both employment and wages when their labor markets demonstrate higher levels of concentration.
    • Available at SSRN

    Chugunova, Marina; Keller, Klaus; Samila, Sampsa (2021). Structural Shocks and Political Participation in the US, Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 21-22. DOI

    • This paper examines the impact of the large structural shocks – automation
      and import competition – on voter turnout during US federal elections from 2000
      to 2016. Although the negative income effect of both shocks is comparable, we
      find that political participation decreases significantly in counties more exposed to
      industrial robots. In contrast, the exposure to rising import competition does not
      reduce voter turnout. A survey experiment reveals that divergent beliefs about the
      effectiveness of government intervention drive this contrast. Our study highlights
      the role of beliefs in the political economy of technological change.

    Presentations and Lectures

    19.09.2023
    Monopsony and Automation
    Research Seminar
    Location: Schloss Ringberg


    13.07.2023
    Robotizing to Compete – Evidence from Portuguese Manufacturing Exporters
    TIME Seminar, TU Munich
    Location: Munich


    09.05.2023
    Robotizing to Compete – Evidence from Portuguese Manufacturing Exporters
    12th Retreat of Collaborative Research Center “Rationality and Competition” TRR 190
    Location: Schwanenwerder


    28.04.2023
    Robotizing to Compete – Evidence from Portuguese Manufacturing Exporters
    21st Annual GEP - CEPR Postdoctoral Conference, University of Nottingham
    Location: Nottingham


    28.02.2023
    Monopsony and Automation
    Research Seminar
    Location: Frauenchiemsee


    06.02.2023
    Monopsony and Automation
    Innovation Seminar, LMU Munich
    Location: Munich


    18.10.2022
    Labor Cost and the Direction of Innovation
    Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
    Location: Munich


    13.09.2022
    Monopsony, Automation and Labor Markets
    Research Seminar
    Location: Bernried


    14.07.2022
    Robotizing to Compete – Evidence from the Eastern European Enlargement
    Munich International Economics Retreat, ifo Institut
    Location: Munich


    23.03.2022
    Robotizing to Compete – Evidence from the Eastern European Enlargement
    Technology & Policy Research Initiative, Boston University
    Location: online


    24.02.2022
    Robots, China and Polls: Structural Shocks and Political Participation
    Future of Work Conference, University of New Brunswick
    Location: online


    02.11.2021
    Robotizing to Compete – Evidence from the EU Enlargement
    LMU International Trade Retreat
    Location: Munich


    18.10.2021
    Robots, China and Polls – Structural Shocks and Political Participation in the US
    DRUID Conference 2021
    Location: Copenhagen, Denmark


    13.10.2021
    Robots, China and Polls – Structural Shocks and Political Participation in the US
    9th Retreat of CRC TRR 190, Collaborative Research Center Rationality and Competition
    Location: Ohlstadt


    06.10.2021
    Knowledge Spillovers and Corporate Investment in Scientific Research
    by Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon, and Lia Sheer
    Harhoff-Schnitzer-Waldinger Reading Seminar
    Location: Berg bei Starnberg


    29.09.2021
    Automation and Foreign Competition – Evidence from Portuguese Firms
    Research Seminar
    Location: Feldkirchen-Westerham


    19.04.2021
    Automation and Foreign Competition – Evidence from Portuguese Firms
    Munich Innovation Seminar
    Location: online


    24.03.2021
    Automation and Foreign Competition – Evidence from Portuguese Firms
    Research Seminar
    Location: online


    10.09.2020
    Automation and Public Health – Evidence from US Local Labor Markets
    Research Seminar
    Location: online


    04.03.2020
    Automation and Competition – Theory and Empirics
    Research Seminar
    Location: Schneefernerhaus/Zugspitze


    19.02.2020
    Growing Apart: Tradable Services and the Fragmentation of the US Economy, by Fabian Eckert
    Harhoff-Schnitzer-Waldinger Reading Seminar
    Location: Frauenchiemsee


    27.11.2019
    Provable Transactions – Exploring the Boundaries of Trust of Smart Contracts on Blockchain
    Discussant, TIME Seminar, TU Munich
    Location: Munich