Matthias Lamping

Dr. Matthias Lamping

Senior Research Fellow

Intellectual Property and Competition Law

+49 89 24246-452
+49 89 24246-501
matthias.lamping(at)ip.mpg.de

Areas of Interest

Intellectual property (esp. patents and plant varieties), competition law, European and international economic and trade law, contract law (esp. licensing), comparative law, legal philosophy

Résumé

Born in 1983 in Starnberg, Germany, Matthias grew up in Spain and studied law in Salzburg, Austria. After concluding his doctoral studies at the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, he joined the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich as a senior research fellow. He is currently pursuing his habilitation at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich and an Executive MBA at IESE Business School.

Matthias is active as a visiting lecturer at the University of Munich, the Europa-Kolleg Hamburg and the Tongji University in Shanghai, and has served in an advisory capacity to public authorities and private parties on matters of innovation and public policy, intellectual property and competition law.

The focus of his research is on the incentives, determinants and implications of innovation. His areas of expertise include economic and trade law, namely intellectual property and competition law, comparative law, contract law and legal philosophy. His experience in interdisciplinary research extends to economics and sociology. He is a member of the Institute Committee and is responsible for the Institute’s lecture series on patent law.

Matthias speaks German, Spanish and English. He is married and has four children.

Publications

Edited Works

A Critical Mind - Hanns Ullrich’s Footprint in Internal Market Law, Antitrust and Intellectual Property (forthcoming) (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2022 (together with Christine Godt).

    Smart Urban Mobility - Law, Regulation, and Policy (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 29), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2020, VI + 340 pp. (together with Michele Finck et al.).

      The Impact of Brexit on Unitary Patent Protection and its Court (Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition Research Paper, No. 18-20), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Munich 2018, 182 pp. (together with Hanns Ullrich). DOI

      • Rezensiert von: Winfried Tilmann, GRUR Int. 2018, S. 1094
      • 18-20.pdf

      TRIPS plus 20 - From Trade Rules to Market Principles (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition, 25), Springer, Heidelberg; Berlin 2016, XVII + 760 pp. (together with Hanns Ullrich et al.). DOI

      • Rezensiert von: Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, IIC 2017, S. 245

      Herausforderung Innovation - eine interdisziplinäre Debatte (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 17), Springer, Berlin [u.a.] 2011, X + 168 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger). DOI

        Books and Monographs

        Patentschutz und Marktmacht (Schriftenreihe zum gewerblichen Rechtsschutz, 169), Carl Heymanns, Köln 2010, XXVII + 508 pp.

        • (Dissertation)
        • Rezensiert von: Claudia Seitz, WuW 2013, S. 1095
        • Rezensiert von: Rudolf Teschemacher, GRUR Int. 2012, S. 695
        • Der Aberglaube, dass Immaterialgüterrechte gegenüber kartellrechtlichen Eingriffen immun sind, gilt nicht erst seit gestern als überholt. Der europäischen Rechtsprechung liegt jedoch nach wie vor eine unangebrachte Ehrfurcht zugrunde, die es zu überwinden gilt. Die Verinnerlichung einer grundlegenden Erkenntnis ist dabei conditio sine qua non: Die Beschränkung des freien Imitationswettbewerbs durch das Patentrecht ist nicht mehr und nicht weniger als eine Rahmenregelung der marktwirtschaftlichen Ordnung, die definitionsgemäß auf Wettbewerb beruht. Das Patent ist kein Eigentumsrecht im klassischen Sinne, sondern ein Instrument der Wettbewerbspolitik. Es liegt damit auf der Hand, dass das Kartellrecht in der Lage sein muss, wettbewerbsbeschränkenden Nutzungen von Patenten Einhalt zu gebieten, die über den Kerngehalt der Technologieförderung hinausgehen. Dass die Interessen des Patentinhabers unter Umständen dem öffentlichen Interesse an einem funktionierenden Wettbewerb unterzuordnen sind, soll dem nicht entgegenstehen. Die verfestigte Eigentumslogik des geltenden Systems muss einem wettbewerbsorientierten Innovationsverständnis weichen. Je mehr sich die Daseinsführung eines Patents von seiner rechts- und wirtschaftspolitischen Ratio entfernt, desto mehr verblasst seine Daseinsberechtigung. Ein „Schutzrechtsmissbrauch“ ist vor diesem Hintergrund insbesondere dann zu erblicken, wenn das Schutzrecht in einer Weise instrumentalisiert wird, die nicht dem Schutz eigener legitimer Interessen dient, sondern dazu, Konkurrenten bei der Verfolgung ihrer legitimen Interessen zu behindern und den verbleibenden (Substitutions-) Wettbewerb zu beschränken. Der stetigen Ausweitung des Patentschutzes, die seit dem Zeitalter der Industrialisierung stattgefunden hat, ist mit einer flexiblen Anwendung der Wettbewerbsregeln entgegenzutreten. Gegenstand der Dissertation sind die verschiedenen Fallgruppen des Missbrauchsverbots (Art. 102 AEUV), die hierfür in Betracht kommen. Ein besonderes Augenmerk gilt dabei der europäischen Judikatur zur Missbräuchlichkeit von Lizenzverweigerungen („essential facility“-Doktrin) und der Anwendbarkeit des Missbrauchsverbots auf die Geschäftsgebaren sog. „Patenttrolle“.

        Die herrschenden Wettbewerbskräfte bei Sekundärmärkten, Universität Salzburg, Rechtswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Salzburg 2006, IV + 117 pp.

        • (Diplomarbeit)

        Contributions to Collected Editions, Commentaries, Handbooks and Encyclopaedias

        Preface, in: A Critical Mind - Hanns Ullrich’s Footprint in Internal Market Law, Antitrust and Intellectual Property (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2022, forthcoming.

          Exclusive Rights for a Purpose – Intellectual Property as a Framework Regulation of Innovation Markets, in: A Critical Mind - Hanns Ullrich’s Footprint in Internal Market Law, Antitrust and Intellectual Property (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2022, forthcoming.

            La Propiedad Intelectual en Latinoamérica y su Rol en el Desarrollo Económico y Social, in: Estudos de Propriedade Intelectual em Homenagem ao Prof. Dr. Denis Borges Barbosa, IODA - Instituto Observatório do Direito Autoral, Curitiba 2021, 25 - 64 (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

            • O texto trata do estabelecimento e evolução dos direitos da propriedade in-telectual na América Latina. Perpassa os contextos nos quais esses direitos foram incorporados ao arcabouço legal doméstico. Ainda que as economias latino-americanas sejam mais ou menos frágeis do ponto de vista da pro-priedade intelectual, as conclusões apontam que há diversos desafios a se-rem enfrentados, mas que os países da região têm potencial para superá-los e avançar na proteção e na utilização dos seus ativos intelectuais.
            • This article deals with the establishment and evolution of intellectual property rights in Latin America. It goes through the contexts in which these rights have been in-corporated into the domestic legal framework. Although Latin American economies are more or less fragile from the point of view of intellectual property, the conclusions indicate that there are several challenges to be faced, but that the countries of the region have the potential to overcome them and advance in the protection and use of their intellectual assets.
            • https://codaip.gedai.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/1_Estudos-de-Propriedade-Intelectual-em-homenagem-ao-Prof_Dr_Denis-Borges-Barbosa.pdf

            Smart Urban Mobility as a Regulatory Challenge, in: Michele Finck et al. (ed.), Smart Urban Mobility - Law, Regulation, and Policy (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 29), Springer, Berlin 2020, 1 - 17 (together with Michele Finck et al.). DOI

            • The ‘smart city’ has become shorthand for developments in technology that influence how cities are organised and how citizens coexist in them. ‘Smart mobility’, one of its most visible sub-domains, has been considerably affected by ecological, demographic and economic pressures. Emerging methods of transporta-
              tion and innovative business models can overcome old problems, but they also pose
              new societal, economic and legal challenges. This introduction aims to shed light on
              the law, regulation and policy of ‘smart urban mobility’ by critically examining its
              substantial transformation from a regulatory perspective. It outlines the notion of the
              ‘smart city’, highlights trends in ‘smart’ urban mobility, points to related legal
              challenges and explains the conception and chapters of this book.

            The Unified Patent Court, and How Brexit Breaks It, in: Matthias Lamping, Hanns Ullrich (eds.), The Impact of Brexit on Unitary Patent Protection and its Court (Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition Research Paper, No. 18-20) 2018, 117 - 182. DOI

              General Introduction, in: Matthias Lamping, Hanns Ullrich (eds.), The Impact of Brexit on Unitary Patent Protection and its Court (Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition Research Paper, No. 18-20) 2018, 7 - 23 (together with Hanns Ullrich). DOI

                Kapitel 1 - Grundlagen, Aufbau und Methodik, in: Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger (eds.), Europäisches Immaterialgüterrecht - Funktionen und Perspektiven (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 26), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2018, 1 - 58 (together with Sophie Luise Bings et al.). DOI

                  Kapitel 3.3 - Spezifische Fehlstellungen mit Bezug auf den Binnenmarkt, in: Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger (eds.), Europäisches Immaterialgüterrecht - Funktionen und Perspektiven (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 26), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2018, 451 - 663 (together with Seyavash Amini et al.). DOI

                    Kapitel 3.1 - Fehlstellungen mit Bezug auf die Voraussetzungen, die Reichweite und die Begrenzungen einzelner Schutzrechte, in: Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger (eds.), Europäisches Immaterialgüterrecht - Funktionen und Perspektiven (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 26), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2018, 146 - 286 (together with Pedro Henrique D. Batista et al.). DOI

                      § 4 - Kartellrechtliche Rahmenbedingungen, in: Günter Henn, Louis Pahlow (eds.), Patentvertragsrecht - Grundprinzipien, Vertragsformen, Rechtsgestaltung (Wirtschaftsrecht), 6. ed., C.F. Müller, Heidelberg 2016, 29 - 111.

                        Preface, in: Hanns Ullrich et al. (ed.), TRIPS plus 20 - From Trade Rules to Market Principles (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 25), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2016, v - vii (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.). DOI

                          Intellectual Property Harmonization in the Name of Trade, in: Hanns Ullrich et al. (ed.), TRIPS plus 20 - From Trade Rules to Market Principles (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 25), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2016, 313 - 358. DOI

                          • In order to enjoy credibility and acceptance among those involved, harmonization must be the outcome of a deliberative process with a defined goal, but without a predetermined solution. States need to be clear about the purpose of harmonization and the measures for achieving it; they need to agree about how to handle different needs, priorities and expectations; and they need to be prepared to accept compromises beyond their narrow self-interest. The TRIPS Agreement tells a different story. Countries have learned to live with it, but nobody is entirely happy. In order to make international law more inclusive and responsive to different socio-economic conditions and needs, the TRIPS Agreement needs to be reconceptualized as a market framework regulation that promotes competition and innovation but also allows states to regulate the use of intellectual property in ways that grow out of, and comply with, their own traditions and interests. This ultimately means that the marriage of convenience between trade and intellectual property may have to come to an end.

                          Block 1: Procedures to Obtain a Patent and Legal Framework, in: Europäsche Patentakademie, Europäisches Patentamt (eds.), Patent Litigation A to Z, Europäisches Patentamt, München 2015 (together with Matthew Fisher et al.).

                          Refusal to Licence as an Abuse of Market Dominance: From Commercial Solvents to Microsoft, in: Reto M. Hilty, Kung-Chung Liu (eds.), Compulsory Licensing - Practical Experiences and Ways Forward (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 22), Springer, Berlin 2014, 121 - 148. DOI

                          • Although intellectual property rights do not automatically confer a dominant market position, they may put the right holder in the position to behave more or less independently of his or her competitors, customers, and ultimately consumers. The extent of the relative immunity from competition depends on a number of factors, from the specific characteristics of the protected subject matter through to the structure of the relevant market. In extreme cases, an intellectual property right will constitute an “essential facility” and therefore enable the right holder to control access to, and thus competition in, the market. In such cases, a refusal to license may lead to an abuse of market dominance within the meaning of Article 102 TFEU. Depending on the circumstances of the case, the abuse may consist in a discrimination of trading partners, an unjustified foreclosure of competitors, a negligence of market needs, or an expansion of market power to another related market. However, a compulsory licence is not always the appropriate remedy to stop the established abuse, its anti-competitive effects, and its recurrence. In principle, the European Commission asks the dominant company to cease and desist from the abusive conduct, but it does not grant compulsory licences.

                          Die Vereinbarkeit des serbischen Immaterialgüterrechts mit der europäischen Durchsetzungsrichtlinie, in: Stefan Hülshörster, Dirk Mirow (eds.), Deutsche Beratung bei Rechts- und Justizreformen im Ausland - 20 Jahre Deutsche Stiftung für Internationale Rechtliche Zusammenarbeit (IRZ), BWV - Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2012, 303 - 315 (together with Kaya Köklü).

                            Innovationsförderung nach TRIPS - Zwischen progressiver Liberalisierung und regulativem Fundamentalismus, in: Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger, Matthias Lamping (eds.), Herausforderung Innovation (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 17), Springer, Heidelberg [u.a.] 2011, 119 - 144. DOI

                              Trennungsprinzip - Quo vadis, Germania?, in: 50 Jahre Bundespatentgericht - Festschrift zum 50-jährigen Bestehen des Bundespatentgerichts am 1. Juli 2011, Carl Heymanns, Köln 2011, 255 - 273 (together with Reto M. Hilty).

                                Journal Articles

                                IP-Based Incentives Against Antimicrobial Crisis: A European Perspective, IIC 50, 1 (2019), 30 - 76 (together with Pedro Henrique D. Batista et al.). DOI

                                • The field of antimicrobials is considered to be facing a crisis. Increasing
                                  microbial resistance is creating a demand for new drugs, which however is not being
                                  matched by privately funded R&D. The reasons for this market failure are of a
                                  technical and economic nature. The present article analyzes what changes to IP-
                                  based incentives are conceivable in the European Union (EU) in order to address the
                                  antimicrobial crisis. Since the assessment of the suitability of the analyzed options
                                  depends on interdisciplinary research, this article also proposes a research agenda to
                                  be considered for the implementation of public policies in this field.

                                Eyes Wide Shut, IIC 49, 8 (2018), 887 - 894 (together with Siegfried Broß). DOI

                                  Das Störpotenzial des rechtsstaatlich-demokratischen Ordnungsrahmens am Beispiel der europäischen Patentgerichtsbarkeit, GRUR Int 67, 10 (2018), 907 - 911 (together with Siegfried Broß).

                                    Patent Declaration: Reasons and Purposes, UC Irvine Law Review 16, 3 (2016), 469 - 482 (together with Reto M. Hilty).

                                    Declaration on Patent Protection, IIC 45, 6 (2014), 679 - 698 (together with Dan L. Burk et al.). DOI

                                    • Auch veröffentlicht in: Intellectual Property Law and Policy Journal, 2014, Vol. 45, 1 - 32 (in Japanese)
                                    • As a framework regulation for innovation markets, the patent system needs to be tailored to the innovation process, which it is supposed to serve, and to the competitive environment, within which it must operate. In order to ensure an efficient functionality of the patent system as an innovation policy tool, patent rights ought to be defined, justified and continually reconsidered by reference to their socio-economic benefits and costs.

                                      Sovereign states should retain the discretion to adopt a patent system that best suits their technological capabilities as well as their social, cultural and economic needs and priorities, with the proviso that the exercise of such discretion must remain within the boundaries of international law. Taking into account the customary principles of interpretation of international law, this Declaration seeks to shed light on these boundaries. The purpose is to clarify the policy space that the ‘Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights’ (TRIPS Agreement) leaves to national legislators and judicial authorities with regard to the implementation and administration of their patent systems.

                                      When the world’s major patent systems first developed into their present form, nation states were able to engage in the regulatory design process under conditions of high sovereign autonomy. Over the past decades, this autonomy has been progressively eroded. Today, states face a legal and institutional regime consisting of multilateral, regional and bilateral agreements, which are becoming increasingly complex and set more and more limits to their regulatory freedom.

                                      As a result, the ability of states to maintain a proper balance between the need for protection of knowledge goods in global markets, the freedom to regulate national or regional innovation markets, and the policy space for pursuing diverse public interest goals risks becoming unduly constrained. This Declaration seeks to clarify some of the regulatory options states still retain under international law, in particular the TRIPS Agreement.
                                    • Auch veröffentlicht als Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 14-19
                                    • http://bit.ly/2kIgLUI

                                    Enhanced Cooperation in the Area of Unitary Patent Protection: Testing the Boundaries of the Rule of Law Cases C-274/11 and 295/11 Kingdom of Spain and Italian Republic v. Council of the European Union, Judgment of 16 April 2013, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 20, 4 (2013), 589 - 600. DOI

                                    Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements, IIC 44, 8 (2013), 878 - 883 (together with Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan et al.). DOI

                                    • For several years, research at the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual
                                      Property and Competition Law (MPI) - in collaboration with experts from all over
                                      the world - has examined the trend of bilateral and regional agreements that
                                      include provisions on the protection and enforcement of intellectual property (IP)
                                      rights. By building on this research, the following principles
                                      – express core concerns regarding the use of IP provisions as a bargaining chip in
                                      international trade negotiations, the increasing comprehensiveness of international IP
                                      rules and the lack of transparency and inclusiveness in the negotiating process; and
                                      – recommend international rules and procedures that can achieve a better,
                                      mutually advantageous and balanced regulation of international IP.
                                      These principles emanate from several consultations within the MPI and especially
                                      from a workshop that was held with external experts in October 2012 in Munich,
                                      Germany. They represent the views of those first signatories and are open to
                                      signature by scholars who share the objectives of the Principles.
                                    • Institutswebsite

                                    Enhanced Cooperation – A Proper Approach to Market Integration in the Field of Unitary Patent Protection?, IIC 42, 8 (2011), 879 - 925.

                                      Case notes

                                      Shackles for Bees? The ECJ's Decision of GMO-Contaminated Honey, European Journal of Risk Regulation 3, 1 (2012), 123 - 129. DOI

                                      • An old German proverb says: What the farmer doesn't know he doesn't eat. In the case of the Bablok decision delivered by the European Court of Justice on 6 September 2011, it is not the farmers, but the judges who seem to be wary about the unknown. According to their judgement, substances derived from genetically modified plants require market authorisation to be placed on the market as food, even if the substance itself is not fertile anymore. Since the Court takes the view that pollen is an ingredient of honey rather than a natural component, honey contaminated with pollen from genetically modified organisms will fall within the classification of foodstuffs requiring marketing authorisation. So whenever a bee collects pollen from a genetically modified plant, this can make the entire honey harvest unmarketable. Not even the slightest contamination will be tolerated, irrespective of whether it was intentional. Because the prohibition to put unauthorised honey on the market applies abstractly, regardless of whether there is a concrete risk for the health of consumers, the judgement will have considerable impact on the coexistence of conventional, ecological and genetically-modified farming.

                                      Monsanto Case Note - Purpose-Bound Patent Protection for Genes, European Journal of Risk Regulation 1, 4 (2010), 445 - 450. DOI

                                      • Case C-428/08, Monsanto Technology [2010]
                                        The Biotech Directive does not provide for absolute patent protection of DNA sequences. Protection is subject and restricted to the disclosed function (or purpose) of a gene; if the function is not fulfilled at the time of the alleged infringement the protection is therefore suspended. National law may not depart from the protection conferred by the Directive due to its exhaustive character (author's headnote).

                                      Reviews

                                      Review of: Adler, David B.: US-discovery und deutscher Patentverletzungsprozess. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2014, 536 S., ISBN 978-3-428-14254-5., GRUR Int 64, 4 (2015), 409 - 410.

                                        Review of: Götting, Horst-Peter / Hetmank, Sven / Schwipps, Karsten: Patentrecht. C.H. Beck, München 2014, XIX, 211 S., ISBN 978-3-406-66619-3, GRUR Int 64, 3 (2015), 300.

                                          Conference Reports

                                          The AGA-Occlutech Decision of the German Federal Court of Justice – Confusion on a Higher Level?, Union Conference Report 2012 (together with Kaya Köklü).

                                          Securing Patent Rights through Customs Measures – Conference Report on the UNION Spring Round Table, GRUR Int 60, 7 (2011), 599 - 602 (together with Kaya Köklü).

                                          • Event: UNION Spring Round Table, München, 2011-02-25

                                          Research Papers

                                          Implementation of Patent Flexibilities in Asia (forthcoming), Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper 2022 (together with Juan I. Correa).

                                            Implementation of Patent Flexibilities in Latin American (forthcoming), Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper 2022 (together with Juan I. Correa).

                                              Implementación de las Flexibilidades del Sistema de Patentes en Países Seleccionados de Latinoamérica (forthcoming), Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper 2022,.2022 (together with Juan I. Correa).

                                                Opinions

                                                Position Statement of 5 July 2022 on the Decision of the WTO Ministerial Conference on the TRIPS Agreement adopted on 17 June 2022, 2022, 8 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                                • On 17 June 2022, after nearly one and a half years of intense debate concerning the proposal to waive IP protection in view of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization adopted a decision on the TRIPS Agreement. It has not waived any intellectual property rights as such but instead mainly clarified the application of the existing TRIPS flexibilities, in particular, regarding compulsory licensing of patents. The Position Statement shows that the Ministerial Decision makes no substantive difference in the existing international legal framework, except for lifting the limitation on the exportation of vaccines manufactured in accordance with the Decision. To the extent that the Decision can make the application of TRIPS flexibilities more expedient, it is to be welcomed. At the same time, it is argued that such facilitating effect should not be limited to, or justified by, the exceptional circumstances of the COVID-19 pandemic. More critically, it should not be restricted to COVID-19 vaccines, of which there is currently no shortage – rather, the same level of TRIPS flexibilities should apply to all medicinal products needed to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic.
                                                • 2022-07-05__2._Position_Statement_Covid_IP_Waiver.pdf
                                                • Also published as: Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 22-14

                                                Covid-19 and the Role of Intellectual Property - Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 7 May 2021, 2021, 11 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                                • In this Statement, the authors take a position on the waiver of intellectual property (IP) protection currently being considered by the members of the World Trade Organisation. The waiver was initiated by India and South Africa as a measure to enable rapid access to affordable medical products that are necessary to combat Covid-19. The initiative gained momentum after the US decided to support it. The authors do not consider this path to be expedient. The Statement presents factual and legal arguments why a comprehensive waiver of IP protection is unlikely to be a necessary and suitable measure towards the pursued objective. Overall, it argues that IP rights may so far have played an enabling and facilitating rather than hindering role in overcoming Covid-19. The global community might not be better off if IP rights are waived, neither during nor after the pandemic. There are more efficient and direct ways to supply developing countries with vaccines quickly – if the industrialised countries are willing to do their share.
                                                • 2021_05_25_Position_statement_Covid_IP_waiver.pdf
                                                • Also published as: Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 21-13

                                                Stellungnahme zum Diskussionsentwurf eines Zweiten Gesetzes zur Vereinfachung und Modernisierung des Patentrechts, 2020, 16 pp. (together with Luc Desaunettes-Barbero et al.).

                                                • Das Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb nimmt hiermit zum Diskussionsentwurf eines Zweiten Gesetzes zur Vereinfachung und Modernisierung des Patentrechts Stellung, der vom Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz im Januar 2020 vorgelegt wurde. Das Institut begrüßt die Initiative des Ministeriums, empfiehlt im Hinblick auf die Beschränkung des patentrechtlichen Unterlassungsanspruchs und die Stärkung des Schutzes von Geschäftsgeheimnissen in Patentstreitsachen jedoch gewisse Präzisierungen.
                                                  Mit Blick auf die Beschränkung des Unterlassungsanspruchs nach Maßgabe des Grundsatzes der Verhältnismäßigkeit wird vorgeschlagen, die Verhältnismäßigkeitsprüfung nicht auf einen Anwendungsfall der Gebote von Treu und Glauben zu reduzieren, sondern im Sinne der ratio legis des Patentrechts zu verstehen; insoweit als Maßnahme zur Verhinderung dysfunktionaler Effekte des Ausschließlichkeitsrecht bzw. des damit verbundenen Unterlassungsanspruchs. Zur Veranschaulichung des Ansatzes wird auf die Fallgruppen der komplexen Produkte, der Patentverwerter und der standardessenziellen Patente Bezug genommen, ohne sie jedoch im Detail durchzuprüfen. Mit Blick auf die im Rahmen der Verhältnismäßigkeitsprüfung vorzunehmende Interessenabwägung wird darauf hingewiesen, dass die Interessen des Patentinhabers gegenüber jenen des Verletzers keinen grundsätzlichen Vorrang genießen. Darüber hinaus sind bei der Abwägung nicht nur die Interessen der Streitparteien, sondern auch jene Dritter, insbesondere das öffentliche Interesse, zu berücksichtigen.
                                                  Mit Blick auf den Schutz von Geschäftsgeheimnissen in Patentstreitsachen verweist die Stellungnahme auf Unzulänglichkeiten des Verfahrens in Geschäftsgeheimnisstreitsachen, die durch die angedachte Anwendung der entsprechenden Vorschriften auf das Patentstreitverfahren übertragen werden. Hingewiesen wird auch auf eine mögliche Regelungslücke in Bezug auf das "Düsseldorfer Verfahren", die von Patentinhabern für sog. "fishing expeditions" ausgenutzt werden könnte.
                                                • This position paper of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition provides comments on the amendments proposed by the German Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection in its discussion draft of January 2020 on the modernization and simplification of the German Patent Act. While the Institute generally welcomes the initiative, the paper offers some suggestions aimed at increasing precision in the areas of first, the concept and the implementation of the proportionality test for granting injunctive relief, and, second, the need for enhanced protection of trade secrets in patent disputes.

                                                  With regard to the proportionality assessment, the Institute suggests that, rather than reducing it to an application of the principle of good faith, the concept of proportionality should be interpreted and applied in light of the ratio legis of patent protection with a view to preventing dysfunctional effects potentially resulting from the exercise of the exclusive right and the associated claim to an injunction. Scenarios involving complex products, non-practicing entities and standard-essential patents are used to illustrate the approach. As regards the weighing and balancing of interests when assessing proportionality, the position paper argues that it is neither desirable nor appropriate to prioritize the interests of the patentee over those of the infringer as a matter of principle. In addition, it is not only the interests of parties to the dispute, but also those of third parties, in particular the public interest, that should be taken into account.

                                                  With regard to the protection of trade secrets in patent disputes, the position paper refers to certain procedural insufficiencies of the Trade Secrets Act to adequately protect the defendant’s secrecy interests. It also points out a potential loophole in relation to the "Düsseldorf proceedings" that may facilitate "fishing expeditions".
                                                • Stellungnahme_2020-03-1final.pdf
                                                • Also published at SSRN as Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Discussion Paper No. 16
                                                • English version published under the title: Position Paper on the Envisaged Reform of the German Patent Act as Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 20-05

                                                Stellungnahme zum Referentenentwurf eines Gesetzes zur Anpassung patentrechtlicher Vorschriften auf Grund der europäischen Patentreform, 2016, 15 pp. (together with Roberto Romandini, Reto M. Hilty).

                                                Comments of the Max-Planck-Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law on the Preliminary Set of Provisions for the Rules of Procedure of the Unified Patent Court, 2013, 10 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                                • This text is a re-formatted version of comments submitted by the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law in the public consultation on the 15th draft for Rules of Procedure for the Unified Patent Court conducted between June and October 2013. The comments focus on those Rules and do, in particular, not duplicate criticism for the Unitary Patent Package voiced elsewhere. Three fundamental aspects of particular importance for the functionality of the procedural regime are identified: Warranting uniformity, safeguarding autonomy and establishing an adequate balance of rights and obligations between the parties.

                                                  The comments underline that, within the strict bounds imposed by the Unitary Patent Package, the Rules offer a well elaborated and substantially comprehensive framework for patent litigation procedures. Nonetheless, certain parts fall short of answering to the requirements imposed by the complexities of the system in which they are embedded. In particular, the Rules should not shy away from suggesting solutions in politically delicate areas if essential for the overall balance and functioning of the system. This concerns, for example, the exercise of discretion regarding the choice of options pursuant to Art. 33(3) UPC or the balancing of interests in the context of granting injunctive relief.
                                                • Also published as: Max-Planck-Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law Research Paper Series No. 13-16

                                                The Unitary Patent Package: Twelve Reasons for Concern, 2012, 5 pp. (together with Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                                                • Also published as: Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property & Competition Law Research Paper No. 12-12
                                                • Auch veröffentlicht in: CIPA Journal, 2012, H. 10, 553 - 555
                                                • A balanced, innovation-friendly and uniform patent system is indispensable for Europe. However, the latest EU proposal for a patent package (Patent Regulation and flanking court system) is both dangerous and misguided. While a superficial glance may create the false impression of a patent law advancement through the proposal, it instead actually threatens to forestall the necessary legal progress and innovation capacities for the foreseeable future. It might prove disastrous to implement a patent system which is already known to be detrimental from both the legal as well as the innovation perspectives. This paper provides a short introduction to the major reasons for concern regarding the current proposals and explains why it is imperative to reconsider the proposals entirely afresh.
                                                • MPI-IP_Twelve-Reasons_2012-10-17.pdf
                                                • SSRN-Paper
                                                • Institutswebsite

                                                Further Publications, Press Articles, Interviews

                                                Are Human Genes Patentable?, The IPKat (Blog) 2013 (together with Roberto Romandini).

                                                Fresh from the Press: The Pleas in Law of the Spanish Actions against the Unitary Patent Regulations, The IPKat (Blog) 2013.

                                                And 12 Points go to... Ukraine, IPKat (Blog) 2013.

                                                One Down - Two, Three or More to Go … A Closer Look at the CJEU’s Decision on Enhanced Cooperation for the Unitary Patent, IPKat (Blog) 2013 (together with Thomas Jaeger).

                                                Spain takes Parliament and Council to Court over Unitary Patent Package, IPKat (Blog) 2013.

                                                Lectures

                                                29.10.21 – Bonn, Germany

                                                EPO, quo vadis? Verfassungsrechtliche Aspekte
                                                VPP Herbst-Fachtagung 2021
                                                Host: Association of Intellectual Property Experts (VPP)


                                                27.02.20 – Kreuth, Germany

                                                Exclusive Rights for a Purpose – Intellectual Property as a Framework Regulation of Innovation Markets
                                                Symposium: Hanns Ullrich's Footprint in the Legal Landscape
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                10.12.19 – Munich, Germany

                                                Access to Medicines – Flexibilities in the IP System
                                                Global Forum on Intellectual Property, Access to Medicines and Innovation
                                                Hosts: South Centre, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                02.07.18 – Munich, Germany

                                                Die Zwangslizenz – die Stiefmutter des Patentrechts?
                                                Workshop: Unterlassungsanspruch und Schadensersatz im deutschen Patentrecht – ein rechts- und wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Seminar aus europäischer und internationaler Perspektive
                                                Hosts: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU), OxFirst Ltd.


                                                29.11.17 – Berlin, Germany

                                                Zugang zu den NMT und den Produkten – ökonomische und sozioökonomische Auswirkungen
                                                3. Dialogveranstaltung zu den neuen molekularbiologischen Techniken
                                                Host: German Federal Ministry for Food and Agriculture (BMEL)


                                                11.07.17 – Berlin, Germany

                                                Declaration on Patent Protection
                                                Workshop: Implementation of Patent Flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement in Germany
                                                Host: Humboldt University Berlin


                                                18.05.17 – St. Petersburg, Russia

                                                Promoting Competition and Innovation through Access to Non-Voluntary Licensing
                                                VII. St. Petersburg International Legal Forum
                                                Host: Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation


                                                31.03.17 – Frankfurt am Main, Germany

                                                Der Vergleich im Bestandsverfahren – im Namen des Volkes oder im Interesse der Parteien?
                                                LES/VPP Frühjahrstagung 2017 – Patentsettlements und Streitbeilegung im IP-Kontext
                                                Hosts: Licensing Executives Society (LES), Association of Intellectual Property Experts (VPP)


                                                24.10.16 – Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Patentes de Invención y Soberanía Regulatoria
                                                Hosts: University of Buenos Aires (UBA), Argentinian Academy of Exchange and Judicial Studies (AIEJ)


                                                24. to 28.10.16 – Mendoza and Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Aportación de Prueba en Procesos Civiles y Criminales
                                                Host: Argentinian Academy of Exchange and Judicial Studies (AIEJ)


                                                12.07.16 – Delhi, India

                                                Declaration on Patent Protection
                                                Workshop: Implementation of Patent Flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement in India
                                                Hosts: Cochin University of Science Technology (CUSAT), Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID)


                                                24.05.16 – Munich, Germany

                                                Legal Space for Increasing Responsiveness
                                                Workshop: Responsiveness in European Patenting Practices
                                                Hosts: Oslo and Akerhus University College (HiOA), King's College London, University of Hamburg, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                14.04.16 – Johannesburg, South Africa

                                                Declaration on Patent Protection
                                                Workshop: Implementation of Patent Flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement in South Africa
                                                Host: University of South Africa (UNISA)


                                                17.03.16 – Lima, Peru

                                                Declaration on Patent Protection
                                                Workshop: Implementation of Patent Flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement in Peru
                                                Hosts: Centro de Propiedad Intelectual, Competencia, Consumidor y Comercio (CEPIC), Universidad ESAN


                                                15.07.15 – Beijing, China

                                                Declaration on Patent Protection
                                                Workshop: Implementation of Patent Flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement in China
                                                Host: Renmin University


                                                11.12.15 – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

                                                Declaration on Patent Protection
                                                Workshop: Implementation of Patent Flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement in Brazil
                                                Host: Escola da Magistratura Regional Federal da 2a Regiao (EMARF)


                                                15.04.15 – Cape Town, South Africa

                                                IP Treaties and Harmonisation – Economic Friend or Foe?
                                                FICPI World Congress 2015
                                                Host: International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI)


                                                14.11.14 – Karlsruhe, Germany

                                                Das Verhältnis von Patenten und Wettbewerb
                                                Karlsruher Dialog Technik und Recht, Jahrestagung 2014: Patente und freier Wettbewerb – ein Widerspruch?
                                                Host: Karlsruher Institute for Technology (KIT)


                                                14.04.14 – Munich, Germany

                                                Intellectual Property Harmonization in the Name of Trade
                                                Workshop: TRIPS plus 20: Beyond Trade Rules
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                01.03.14 – Tokyo, Japan

                                                Enforcement of Standard-Essential Patents – Broken Promises and Shattered Dreams
                                                3rd Waseda Conference on Global Patent Strategies: The Development of the Framework of International Patent Law
                                                Hosts: Waseda University, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), German Japanese Association of Jurists (DJJV)


                                                28.01.14 – London, United Kingdom

                                                Inter-Industry Learning within Patents and Competition Law
                                                Oil & Gas IP Summit 2014
                                                Host: International Quality & Productivity Center (IQPC)


                                                14.11.13 – Brussels, Belgium

                                                IP in an Open Society – Myths about Intellectual Property
                                                Workshop: The Essentials of IP, for EU Officials
                                                Hosts: Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM), European Patent Office (EPO)


                                                05.09.13 – Paris, France

                                                The Agony of Choice – Optionality in the European Patent System
                                                8th Annual Conference of the EPIP Association: The Frontiers of Intellectual Property
                                                Host: European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP)


                                                28.03.13 – Paris, France

                                                Clearing the Path to the Unitary Patent & Unified Patent Court – The Tasks that Lie Ahead
                                                Annual Conference: Unitary Patent & Unified Patent Court
                                                Hosts: Premier Cercle, Hoyng Monegier LLP, Reimann Osterrieth Köhler Haft (ROKH), Powell Gilbert LLP, Institut National De La Propriété Industrielle (INPI)


                                                25.06.13 – Oxford, United Kingdom

                                                Patents, Standards and/or Competition
                                                32nd Annual ATRIP Congress
                                                Host: Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property (ATRIP)


                                                24. to 26.02.13 – Tokyo and Osaka, Japan

                                                Standard-Essential Patents and Injunctive Relief: Competition in Standardized Markets
                                                2nd Waseda Conference on Global Patent Strategies: The Boundaries of Patent Rights in the EU and Japan
                                                Hosts: Waseda University, German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), German Japanese Association of Jurists (DJJV)


                                                16.12.12 – Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

                                                The Patent Declaration – Objectives and Perspectives
                                                2nd Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest
                                                Hosts: Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV), American University, Centre For Internet & Society, The American Assembly, Open A.I.R., International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)


                                                07.12.12 – Brussels, Belgium

                                                Patents and Standards
                                                EPLAW Congress 2012
                                                Host: European Patent Lawyers Association (EPLAW)


                                                07.12.12 – Brussels, Belgium

                                                The Unitary Patent Package: Twelve Reasons for Concern
                                                EPLAW Congress 2012
                                                Host: European Patent Lawyers Association (EPLAW)


                                                04.12.12 – Taipei, Taiwan

                                                Refusal to Deal under European Antitrust Law
                                                Workshop: Compulsory Licensing – Practical Experiences and Ways Forward
                                                Hosts: Academia Sinica, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                04.12.12 – Taipei, Taiwan

                                                Patent Limitations in Asia
                                                Workshop: Compulsory Licensing – Practical Experiences and Ways Forward
                                                Hosts: Academia Sinica, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                20. to 22.11.12 – Amman, Jordan

                                                Intellectual Property Enforcement and Licensing
                                                Seminar: Training for Judges and Enforcement Authorities
                                                Hosts: Judicial Institute of Jordan, German Association for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ)


                                                16.11.12 – Helsinki, Finland

                                                Enhanced Cooperation
                                                Workshop: The Europeanisation of Patent Law – EU Law and IP Law Perspectives
                                                Hosts: IPR University Center, Hanken University, University of Bayreuth


                                                10.10.12 – Munich, Germany

                                                Das EU Patent – ein Schatten seiner selbst?
                                                Field Fisher Waterhouse Patentexpertenrunde
                                                Host: Field Fisher Waterhouse


                                                04.10.12 – Frankfurt, Germany

                                                Stand und Perspektiven des EU Patents
                                                JDialog: Patente – Quo Vadis? Harmonisierungsbestrebungen innerhalb der Europäischen Gemeinschaft und aus den USA
                                                Host: Jones Day


                                                28.10.11 – Santiago de Compostela, Spain

                                                Cooperación Reforzada o Coerción Cooperativa? Evaluación Crítica de la Cooperación Reforzada en el Área de la Patente Comunitaria
                                                III. Jornada de Propiedad Industrial
                                                Host: University of Santiago de Compostela (USC)


                                                27. to 29.06.11 – Istanbul and Ankara, Turkey

                                                Intellectual Property Protection and Licensing
                                                EU Twinning: Supporting Turkey for Enhancing Implementation and Enforcement of Industrial Property Rights
                                                Hosts: German Association for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ), Turkish Patent Office


                                                19.12.10 – Kolkata, India

                                                Refusal to License
                                                Conference: Innovation, Creativity and IP Policy: An Indo-European Dialogue
                                                Host: National University for Judicial Sciences (NJUS)


                                                12.10.10 – Munich, Germany

                                                Rahmenbedingungen eines ausgeglichenen Patentsystems
                                                Assistentenforum 2010: Herausforderung Innovation
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                25.06.10 – Bern, Switzerland

                                                Patent Abuse
                                                Workshop: The Legal Notion of Abuse of Patent Rights
                                                Hosts: World Trade Institute (WTI), National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) Trade Regulation


                                                11.03.10 – Munich, Germany

                                                Improving the Efficiency of Patent Prosecution
                                                6th EGA Legal Affairs Forum: Raising the Bar at the European Patent Office and the Sector Inquiry Recommendations
                                                Host: European Generic Medicines Association (EGA), Medicines for Europe

                                                Conferences and Workshops

                                                Conferences and Symposia

                                                16.03.22 — Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Smart IP for Latin America – 3rd Annual Congress 2022
                                                Hosts: Smart IP for Latin America (SIPLA), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (MINCYT), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                26. to 28.02.20 — Kreuth, Germany

                                                Hanns Ullrich's Footprint in the Legal Landscape
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                09. bis 10.12.19 — Munich, Germany

                                                Global Forum on Intellectual Property, Access to Medicines and Innovation
                                                Hosts: South Centre, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                22. to 23.11.19 — Munich, Germany

                                                Assistentenforum 2019: Smart Urban Mobility
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                03. to 05.05.19 — Cartagena de Indias, Colombia

                                                Smart IP for Latin America – 2nd Annual Congress 2019
                                                Hosts: Universidad de los Andes, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                15. to 17.11.18 — Berlin, Germany

                                                Invention and Innovation Incentives in Life Sciences
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                21. to 23.03.18 — Santiago de Chile

                                                Smart IP for Latin America – 1st Annual Congress 2018
                                                Hosts: Instituto Nacional de Propiedad Industrial (INAPI), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                16. to 18.03.17 — Berlin, Germany

                                                European Intellectual Property Rights and Jurisdiction
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                11.12.15 — Munich, Germany

                                                Assistentenforum 2015: Herausforderung Koexistenz
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                04.12.12 — Taipei, Taiwan

                                                Compulsory Licensing — Practical Experiences and Ways Forward
                                                Hosts: Academia Sinica, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                06. to 08.12.11 — Berlin, Germany

                                                Hot Issues in Patent Law
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                12.10.10 — Munich, Germany

                                                Assistentenforum 2010: Herausforderung Innovation
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                Workshops

                                                18.03.22 — Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Adapting Competition Law to the Socio-Economic Needs of Latin America
                                                Hosts: Smart IP for Latin America (SIPLA), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                17.03.22 — Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Best Practices in Cpmeptition Law and Technology Transfer
                                                Hosts: Smart IP for Latin America (SIPLA), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                15.03.22 — Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Implementation of Patent Flexibilities in Latin America
                                                Hosts: Smart IP for Latin America (SIPLA), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                14.03.22 — Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Collective Distinctive Signs in Latin America
                                                Hosts: Smart IP for Latin America (SIPLA), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                07.02.22 — Munich, Germany

                                                Climate Change and Innovation
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                14.10.21 — Munich, Germany

                                                CRISPR Based Technologies, Innovation and Regulation
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                13.02.20 — Munich, Germany

                                                Produktpiraterie und Haftung von Plattformen
                                                Host: Chamber of Industry and Commerce for Munich and Upper Bavaria (IHK)


                                                18.11.19 — Munich, Germany

                                                Patent Quality
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                08. to 09.03.19 — Munich, Germany

                                                Hate Speech und Fake News (Studentenseminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                07.12.18 — Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Patent Flexibilities
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                11. to 12.07.17 — Berlin, Germany

                                                Patent Declaration
                                                Hosts: Humboldt University Berlin, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                12. to 13.07.16 — Delhi, India

                                                Patent Declaration
                                                Hosts: Cochin University of Science Technology (CUSAP), Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), Institute for Studies in Industrial Development, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                24.06.16 — Munich, Germany

                                                Responsiveness in European Patenting Practices
                                                Hosts: Oslo and Akerhus University College (HiOA), King's College London, University of Hamburg, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                14. to 15.04.16 — Johannesburg, South Africa

                                                Patent Declaration
                                                Hosts: University of South Africa (UNISA), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                17. to 18.03.16 — Lima, Peru

                                                Patent Declaration
                                                Hosts: Universidad ESAN, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                11.12.15 — Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

                                                Patent Declaration
                                                Hosts: Escola da Magistratura Regional Federal da 2a Regiao (EMARF), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                15. to 16.07.15 — Beijing, China

                                                Patent Declaration
                                                Hosts: Renmin University, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                14. to 15.04.14 — Munich, Germany

                                                TRIPS plus 20: Beyond Trade Rules
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                18. to 20.07.13 — Singapore

                                                Patent Declaration
                                                Hosts: National University of Singapore (NUS), Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                24.05.13 — Hamburg, Germany

                                                Intellectual Property Governance
                                                Hosts: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU), Karlsruhe Institute for Technology (KIT), BIOGUM, University of Hamburg


                                                11. to 13.10.12 — Munich, Germany

                                                Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements
                                                Host: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                01. to 02.09.11 — Munich, Germany

                                                Mobility and Competition
                                                Hosts: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU), Bond University, Monash University, INNOtec, University of Melbourne, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (MPI)


                                                Courses and Seminars

                                                07.03.22 — Munich, Germany

                                                Media and Power (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                25.03.21 — Munich, Germany

                                                Limitations of Copyright (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                06. to 07.03.20 — Munich, Germany

                                                Personality Rights in the DIgital Age (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                23. to 24.02.18 — Tegernsee, Germany

                                                Artificial Intelligence (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                22. to 23.01.17 — Tegernsee, Germany

                                                Internet of Things (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                24. to 28.10.16 – Mendoza and Buenos Aires, Argentina

                                                Aportación de Prueba en Procesos Civiles y Criminales (Training Seminar)
                                                Host: Argentinian Academy of Exchange and Judicial Sciences (AIEJ)


                                                29. to 30.01.16 — Munich, Germany

                                                Automobile and Law(Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                16. to 17.01.15 — Salzburg, Austria

                                                Celebrity Rights (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU), Paris Lodron University Salzburg (PLUS)


                                                10. to 11.10.14 — Poznan, Poland

                                                Students & PhD Candidates IP Seminar (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Adam Mickiewicz University


                                                31.01. to 01.02.14 — Munich, Germany

                                                Time for Outrage! Greetings from Orwell (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                25. to 26.01.13 — Tegernsee, Germany

                                                Internet and Law (Student Seminar)
                                                Host: Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (LMU)


                                                20. to 22.11.12 — Amman, Jordan

                                                Intellectual Property Enforcement and Licensing (Training Seminar)
                                                Hosts: Judicial Institute of Jordan, German Association for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ)


                                                27. to 29.06.11 — Istanbul and Ankara, Turkey

                                                Intellectual Property Licensing (Training Seminar)
                                                Hosts: German Association for International Legal Cooperation (IRZ), Turkish Patent Office

                                                Teaching

                                                Tongji University, Shanghai (since 2019)

                                                • Program: Master in Intellectual Property with Specialization in Design
                                                • Subjects:
                                                  • European commercial law
                                                  • Competition law
                                                  • Intellectual property

                                                • Degree: Master of Laws (LL.M.)

                                                Europa-Kolleg Hamburg (since 2015)

                                                • Program: Master in European and European Legal Studies
                                                • Subjects:
                                                  • Intellectual property law
                                                  • Technology transfer, licensing

                                                • Degree: Master of Laws (LL.M.)

                                                Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (since 2012)

                                                • Program: Legal Studies
                                                • Subjects:
                                                  • Contract law, licensing
                                                  • Media law
                                                    • Journalism in Times of War (2022)
                                                    • Media and Power (2021/22)
                                                    • Copyright Limitations (2020/21)
                                                    • Personality Rights in the Digital Age (2019/20)
                                                    • Hate Speech and Fake News (2018/19)
                                                    • Artificial Intelligence (2017/18)
                                                    • Internet of Things (2016/17)
                                                    • Automobile and the Law (2015/16)
                                                    • Celebrity Rights (2014/15)
                                                    • Time for Outrage! Greetings from Orwell (2013/14)
                                                    • Internet and the Law (2012/13)

                                                • Degrees: Bachelor, Master

                                                Munich Intellectual Property Law Center (2009-13)

                                                • Program: Master in Intellectual Property and Competition Law
                                                • Subjects:
                                                  • Copyright and trademark licensing
                                                  • European and comparative patent law

                                                • Degree: Master of Laws (LL.M.)

                                                Voluntary and Honorary Activities

                                                • Treasurer, Smart IP for Latin America (since 2022)
                                                • Associate Editor, Delphi - Interdisciplinary Review of Emerging Technologies (2018-20)
                                                • Jury Member, PROSUR Inventors' Prize (since 2018)
                                                • Guest Blogger, IPKat (2013)
                                                • Institute Committee, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (since 2011)

                                                Academic Prizes and Honours

                                                • Walter Haslinger Prize (2010)
                                                • Advancement Award of the University of Salzburg (2009)

                                                Memberships

                                                • IESE Alumni Association
                                                • German Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property (GRUR)
                                                • International Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property (ATRIP)
                                                • Smart IP for Latin America (SIPLA)
                                                • Gesellschaft Junger Zivilrechtswissenschaftler (GJZ)