Further research project
Intellectual Property and Competition Law

Regulation of the Data Economy in Emerging Economies

Shaping Data-Sharing Policies to Promote the Sustainable Development Goals

Last Update: 10.08.22

Symbolic picture: digitization and sustainability goals; Under a Creative Commons license Under a Creative Commons license

Starting Point

  • The data economy has great potential for emerging economies to achieve SDGs.
  • Leveraging this potential depends on how the framing of data-sharing policies takes place.
  • Shaping more targeted policies for data sharing in emerging economies is key.

Research Questions

  • What are the factors that should inform data-sharing policy-making in emerging economies to better achieve SDGs?
  • What is the role of legal policy in this context?
  • From a comparative perspective, can a one-size-fits-all approach deliver or is a tailored one more suitable?
  • Can we produce overarching policy recommendations to assist these jurisdictions in fulfilling SDGs via data sharing?


  • Identification of sectors with potential for the development of each emerging economy, where data sharing serves SDG attainment
  • Fact-finding exercise
  • Three multi-stakeholder workshops in selected countries
  • Conceptualisation of a taxonomy elaborating on the different factors related to the data-sharing status quo in emerging economies
  • Drafting policy recommendations

Preliminary Findings

(based on 1st Workshop)

  • From a business perspective, market-functional approaches seem to be already serving SDG achievement via digitisation and data sharing.
  • Data-sharing policies should be better targeted to the specificities of each emerging economy. One size fits all seems unsuitable.
  • Digitisation is a game-changer. It makes traditional factors that shaped specific policy for brick-and-mortar industries less relevant. Thus, it justifies a less distinct approach for data-sharing policies compared to those in industrialised economies.
  • Digitisation changes traditional ways of addressing the achievement of SDGs.
  • Trade policy should better address the issue that data-localisation obligations can hamper the achievement of SDGs.

Main Areas of Research

III.2 Legal development in non-European jurisdictions