Seminar  |  05/29/2024 | 03:00 PM  –  04:15 PM

Innovation & Entrepreneurship Seminar: Beyond Bars: How Sentence Types Shape Ex-Felons’ Transition into Entrepreneurship and Reintegration

Vera Rocha (Copenhagen Business School)


hybrid (Room 313/Zoom)

Recent research and policy initiatives suggest that entrepreneurship serves as a pathway for reintegrating ex-felons into the labor market by reducing the stigma they face among prospective employers. However, the long-term outcomes of entrepreneurial careers for individuals with criminal records remain poorly understood. Using Danish administrative data, we investigate how the type of sentences received by individuals convicted of crimes relates to their subsequent labor market trajectories and, particularly, their transition into entrepreneurship. We study how community service sentences, as an alternative to imprisonment, shape ex-felons’ labor market trajectories and long-term outcomes. We find that individuals sentenced with community service are significantly less likely to engage in entrepreneurship than comparable individuals who were incarcerated instead. This aligns with prior research pointing to entrepreneurship as an alternative employment pathway for those stigmatized in the labor market. Importantly, we also find that ex-felons who turn to entrepreneurship - especially after having been incarcerated - suffer a persistent income disadvantage afterwards and exhibit higher rates of recidivism than those who find regular employment. Hence, our findings question how effective entrepreneurship can be as a social mobility and reintegration pathway for individuals with criminal records.


Contact person: Svenja Friess


Subscription to the invitation mailing list and more information on the seminar page.

Seminar  |  06/05/2024 | 03:00 PM  –  04:15 PM

Innovation & Entrepreneurship Seminar: The Impact of Mobility Grants on Researchers

Pietro Santoleri (European Commission)


hybrid (Room 313/Zoom)

The international mobility of researchers has been central to the agenda of policy-makers for several decades. Despite the growing presence of mobility grants within public funding agencies' portfolios, empirical evidence on their effects remains scant. In this paper, we contribute to the literature by studying the Marie Curie fellowships, the flagship program of the EU, providing competitive grants to early-stage researchers to spend a research period abroad. Based on data for the universe of applicants to the Seventh Framework Programme (2007-2013), we exploit the discontinuity in grant assignment to uncover causal effects on individual researchers. Results show that grants are indeed conducive to higher chances of experiencing mobility towards the scientists' country of choice. Conversely, we do not find systematic evidence that grants on average lead to increases in publication quantity or quality, nor improved career progression. Finally, we document interesting heterogeneous effects: grants supporting extra-European mobility, as opposed to those supporting mobility within Europe, generally yield more positive effects across most outcomes. This suggests that grants are most effective when targeting mobility flows subject to larger frictions. (co-authors: Stefano Baruffaldi, Yevgeniya Shevtsova)


Contact person: David Heller


Subscription to the invitation mailing list and more information on the seminar page.

Seminar  |  06/19/2024 | 03:00 PM  –  04:15 PM

Preview: Innovation & Entrepreneurship Seminar with Koichiro Onishi

Koichiro Onishi (Waseda University)


hybrid (Room 313/Zoom)

Title and abstract will follow.


Contact person: Marina Chugunova


Subscription to the invitation mailing list and more information on the seminar page.

Seminar  |  06/24/2024 | 03:00 PM  –  04:15 PM

Preview: Innovation & Entrepreneurship Seminar with Florian Ederer

Florian Ederer (Boston University)


hybrid (Room 313/Zoom)

Title and abstract will follow soon.


Contact person: Marina Chugunova


Subscription to the invitation mailing list and more information on the seminar page.

Conference  |  10/03/2024, 09:30 AM  –  10/04/2024, 04:30 PM

Florence Conference on IP, Competition and Innovation

Jointly organized with the European University Institute - Badia Fiesolana

EUI Campus, Florence (Italy)

Two years after the Florence SEP Seminar, the European University Institute (EUI) and the Max-Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition invite submissions to their scientific conference on ‘IP, Competition and Innovation’ to be held in Florence at the EUI Campus on 3 – 4 October 2024.


The relationship between intellectual property (IP) rights and competition law is complex. There is broad high-level consensus that IP laws and competition law, each with its specific legal instruments, share the common objective of enhancing consumer welfare and promoting innovation and are, as such, complementary. Though straightforward in theory, the extent to and how innovation considerations inform the competition law enforcement in general, and in IP-related cases in particular, pose significant challenges. Moreover, technological and societal developments are changing innovation processes and market competition. These changes, in turn, impact the role and use of IP rights in the market. Additionally, differences in how IP rights are treated under competition law across jurisdictions can be the source of geopolitical tensions, given the pivotal role that IP protection has acquired in international trade and the extraterritorial reach of competition laws.


Key topics at the intersection of IP and competition emerge across several innovative industries. As one of the most R&D-intensive industries, IP-related competition cases have been most prominent in the pharmaceutical sector. While competition authorities have focused much on reverse-payment settlements in the past years, the potential anticompetitive nature of other patenting and licensing strategies is becoming the focus of interest. Likewise, competition law enforcers are increasingly testing new innovation-related theories of harm in their assessment of pharmaceutical mergers. In the information and communications technology (ICT) sector, issues concerning licensing and enforcing standard essential patents (SEPs) have been hotly debated for years. At the same time, as the Internet of Things advances, novel questions arise from integrating ICT technologies in more traditional industries. Finally, competition law challenges to copyright exclusivity are expanding beyond the area of collective management organisations into digital markets. In this context, recent discussions revolve around restrictions on open-source licensing by dominant IP rightsholders and on interoperability obligations of digital platforms.


Policy developments in Europe are also reshaping the interplay of IP rights and competition law. Since April 2023, a proposal for a Regulation on SEPs, representing the most significant change in the standardisation context since the SDOs’ adoption of IPR policies in the early 1990s, is undergoing the legislative process. Moreover, starting in June 2023, the Unitary Patent system finally provides a single patent right and a court system for 17 EU Member States. The Unified Patent Court can significantly contribute to the EU competition law jurisprudence by hearing defences related to dominance abuses in patent infringement actions and making preliminary references to the CJEU


Furthermore, the Commission is working to introduce by 2025 new guidelines on exclusionary abuses, including IP-related practices. In parallel, the European Commission has just launched the process for reforming the Block Exemption Regulation on Technology Transfer Agreements, which expires in 2026. This regulation and the accompanying Guidelines are the primary reference source of the EU policy on IP licensing and serve as a role model for other jurisdictions.


Against this background, the Florence Conference on IP, Competition and Innovation welcomes unpublished papers from lawyers and economists both on cross-cutting and sector-specific IP and competition policy issues. In particular, we invite theoretical and empirical contributions on the following topics:

  • IP and competition within innovation networks and ecosystems
  • IP as an economic competitiveness index at the micro and macro levels
  • IP valuation and royalty rate calculation
  • Market definition and market power analysis in IP-related cases
  • The role of competition law and IP in R&D agreements
  • Bilateral and multilateral IP licensing, including the reform of EU Block- Exemption Regulation for Technology Transfer Agreements
  • The role of IP and innovation in merger control cases
  • IP, competition and innovation in digital markets, including challenges related to artificial intelligence
  • IP enforcement, alternative dispute resolution and competition law defences
  • Sector-specific IP and competition law issues (e.g., pharmaceuticals, standards and SEPs, open-source software)


Program

The goal of the Florence Conference on IP, Competition and Innovation is to stimulate an in-depth discussion of selected academic papers with particular emphasis on the policy impact of the research findings. Each paper will be allocated 30 minutes, divided between 15 minutes for the author’s presentation and the rest for discussion by a pre-assigned fellow participant and questions from invited attendees.


Keynote Speaker

The Florence Conference on IP, Competition and Innovation will feature a keynote lecture by Herbert Hovenkamp (University of Pennsylvania).


Submission

Please submit extended abstracts (min. five pages) or full papers to the following link by 2 June 2024: Submission
Acceptance notifications will be sent by the end of June 2024. The final paper versions of the selected submissions are due by 15 September 2024.


Best Junior Paper Awards

Two Best Junior Paper Awards will be given for the best contribution among those submitted by authors not older than 35 years, respectively in the fields of law and of economics. Scholars will be required to provide proof of their date of birth to be eligible for this award. All co-authors of joint papers must meet the age criteria.


Scientific Committee

  • Svend Albaek | EUI
  • Marco Botta | EUI
  • Giacomo Calzolari | EUI
  • Beatriz Conde Gallego | Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
  • Josef Drexl | Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition
  • Lapo Filistrucchi | University of Florence
  • Niccolò Innocenti | University of Florence
  • Pier Luigi Parcu | EUI
  • Nicolas Petit | EUI
  • Anna Pisarkiewicz | EUI 
  • Maria Alessandra Rossi | University of Chieti Pescara – EUI 
  • Giovanni Sartor | EUI TBC


EUI TBC Organizing Committee

  • Niccolò Galli | EUI 
  • Leonardo Mazzoni | EUI


Costs

The cost of participating in the conference is € 150, including an evening social event, meals and refreshments at the venue. Participants bear their travel and accommodation costs. For information about accommodation facilities and logistics issues, please write to Marsida Nence at digital.society(at)eui.eu.


Venue

Villa Schifanoia, European University Institute, Via Giovanni Boccaccio 121, Florence, Italy (on Google Maps)


Contact

For further information about submissions and the programme, please contact niccolo.galli(at)eui.eu.

Seminar  |  11/20/2024 | 03:00 PM  –  04:15 PM

Preview: Innovation & Entrepreneurship Seminar with Marina Schröder

Marina Schröder (University of Hannover)


hybrid (Room 313/Zoom)

Title and abstract will follow.


Contact person: Svenja Friess


Subscription to the invitation mailing list and more information on the Seminarseite.

RISE Logo
Workshop  |  12/17/2024, 11:30 AM  –  12/18/2024, 04:30 PM

RISE – 7th Research on Innovation, Science and Entrepreneurship Workshop

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Keynote: Matt Marx (Cornell University)

On 17/18 December 2024, the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition will host the 7th Research on Innovation, Science and Entrepreneurship Workshop (RISE7), an annual workshop for Ph.D. students and Junior Post-docs in Economics and Management. 


The goal of the RISE7 Workshop is to stimulate an in-depth discussion of a select number of empirical research papers. It offers Ph.D. students and Junior Post-docs an opportunity to present their work and to receive feedback.


Keynote speaker of the RISE7 Workshop is Matt Marx (Cornell University).


See the Call for Papers RISE7.


For more information see RISE Workshop.