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283 Veranstaltungen gefunden.

Seminar  |  03.04.2019  |  12:00

Preview: Brown Bag-Seminar mit Charles Eesley (Stanford School of Engineering)

12.00 - 13.30 Uhr, Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, München, Raum 313

Weitere Informationen folgen.

Seminar  |  27.03.2019  |  12:00

Brown Bag-Seminar: Knowledge Diffusion Through the Patent System: Evidence from the Invention Secrecy Act

12.00 - 13.30 Uhr, Emilio Raiteri (Eindhoven University of Technology)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, München, Raum 313

Given the relevance that governments and public bodies give to the patent system, there is surprisingly little evidence on the actual role played by patent rights in stimulating knowledge diffusion and the generation of follow-on innovations. The main objective of the present paper is to provide new, robust evidence on this research topic. To this aim, we take advantage of a body of United States federal law enacted in 1951 with the objective of preventing disclosure of new inventions that may represent a threat to the national security. Estimation results show a negative and statistically significant relationship between the enforcement of a secrecy order and knowledge diffusion, thus supporting the idea that the patent system is conducive to technology diffusion (joint work with Laurent Bergé and Thorsten Doherr).

Ansprechpartner: Rainer Widmann, Ph.D.

Seminar  |  13.03.2019  |  12:00

Brown Bag-Seminar: Market Effects of Adverse Regulatory Events: Evidence From Drug Relabeling

12.00 - 13.30 Uhr, Matthew Higgins (Georgia Tech, Scheller College of Business)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, München, Raum 313

The FDA maintains post-approval safety surveillance programs to monitor the safety of drugs. As adverse events are reported, they may choose to intervene and change the safety labeling associated with a drug. How do markets respond to these regulatory changes? We provide causal evidence that these regulatory interventions have a negative impact on aggregate demand for pharmaceuticals. We find that aggregate demand declines by 16.9 percent within two years of a relabeling event. After accounting for all plausible substitution patterns by physicians along with competitor actions, aggregate demand declines by 4.7 percent. Critically, this decline represents consumers that leave the market. The overall effect appears to be driven by ‘high-intensity’ markets or those with significant relabeling activity. Results control for the level of advertising and are robust to variation across types of relabeling, market sizes, levels of competition and degrees of cross-molecular substitution. Implications for upstream innovation are discussed (joint work with Xin Yan and Chirantan Chatterjee).

Ansprechpartner: Michael Rose, Ph.D.

Seminar  |  21.02.2019  |  12:00

Blockchain and Intellectual Property

12.00 - 13.00 Uhr, Dr. João Quintais (University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law, IViR)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, Raum E10

Blockchain technology promises to deliver on the ideal of decentralization but faces the challenge of being compatible with existing legal systems so as to facilitate wider adoption. In the copyright domain, different elements may be represented by cryptographic tokens: works, ownership metadata, licensing terms and remuneration. This presentation will examine the impact of blockchain technology on copyright law like the differences between the new, smart-contract-based private ordering regime and the fundamental components of copyright law, such as exceptions and limitations or the doctrine of exhaustion. It will dig deeper into the real-word application of different blockchain solutions for copyright-protected content, namely in the online music sector.

Dr. João Pedro Quintais, LL.M is a qualified lawyer in Portugal and postdoctoral researcher and lecturer at the Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam. His research focuses on information law matters, including intermediary liability, intellectual property and the application of copyright in the online environment. He is a member of the Blockchain & Society Policy Research Lab and Managing Editor of the Kluwer Copyright Blog.

Kontakt: Michèle Finck, Valentina Moscon

Seminar  |  20.02.2019  |  12:00

Brown Bag-Seminar: Labor Supply and Automation Innovation

12.00 - 13.30 Uhr, Carsten Feuerbaum (KU Eichstätt-Ingolstadt)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, München, Raum 313

While economic theories (e.g. Hicks (1932); Acemoglu (2010)) suggest substitutability between labor and automation innovation, the relationship between labor supply and investments into automation innovation has so far escaped empirical examination. We analyze the local impact of changes in labor factor endowments on innovative activities by exploiting a placement policy that led to exogeneous inflows of immigrants during the 1990s and 2000s in Germany. Our results indicate that these positive shocks of low-skilled labor supply were followed by an absolute as well as relative decline in automation innovation. This pattern is consistent with the substitutability hypothesis on labor and labor-saving innovation. Subgroup analyses reveal effect heterogeneity by pre-existing labor market tightness. We further show that these inflows did not impact the level of non-automation innovation.

Ansprechpartner: Michael Rose

Seminar  |  13.02.2019  |  15:00

TIME Kolloquium

15:00 Uhr, Tobias Hlavka, Joachim Henkel (beide TU München) und Jonas Heite (Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb) (auf Einladung)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, München, Raum E10

Hasty Buyers? Target Age in Times of Technology Hype

Referenten: Tobias Hlavka und Joachim Henkel (beide TU München)

Choking Under Pressure - The Effect of Asymmetric Contests on Stress and Performance

Referent: Jonas Heite (Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb)

Seminar  |  13.02.2019  |  12:00

Brown Bag-Seminar: Visibility of Technology and Cumulative Innovation: Evidence from Trade Secrets Laws

12.00 - 13.30 Uhr, Bernhard Ganglmair (ZEW)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, München, Raum 313

By issuing patents, society grants an inventor temporary monopoly rights in exchange for the disclosure of the patented invention. If, however, what is patented is otherwise already visible to society, and what is otherwise not visible is kept secret by the inventor, then the bargain fails. We use exogenous variation in the strength of trade secrets protection from the Uniform Trade Secrets Act to show that patenting of processes is more adversely affected than that of products when patenting becomes relatively less attractive (compared to trade secrets). Arguing that processes are on average less visible (or self-disclosing) than products, stronger trade secrets have thus a disproportionately negative effect on the disclosure of inventions that are not otherwise visible to society. We then develop a structural model of initial and follow-on innovation to determine the impacts of such a shift in disclosure on overall welfare in industries characterized by cumulative innovation. In counterfactual analyses, we find that while stronger trade secrets encourage more investment in R&D, they may have negative effects on overall welfare - the result of a significant decline in follow-on innovation. This is especially the case in industries with relatively profitable R&D.

Ansprechpartner: Fabian Gaessler

Seminar  |  12.02.2019  |  18:00

Institutsseminar: The Role of Data Portability in Data-Driven Economy

18.00 - 19.30 Uhr, Jure Globocnik (auf Einladung)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, Raum E10

Moderation: Heiko Richter

Seminar  |  30.01.2019  |  12:00

Brown Bag-Seminar: Heterogeneous Innovation and the Antifragile Economy

12.00 - 13.30 Uhr, Benjamin Balsmeier (Université de Luxembourg)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, Raum 313

Schumpeter claims that recessions are periods of “creative destruction”, concentrating innovation that is useful for the long-term growth of the economy. However, previous research finds that standard measures of innovation, such as R&D expenditures or number of patents, concentrate in booms. We argue that these standard measures do not capture the different dimensions of firms’ innovative search strategies. We introduce a model of innovative exploration and exploitation over the business cycle and find evidence that exploitation strategies are more prevalent in booms while exploration strategies are more prevalent in recessions. Results are stronger for more cyclical and less financially constrained firms. In contrast to the Schumpeterian view of creative destruction, we show that young and old firms contribute equally to the countercyclicality of innovation. Taken together, these results raise questions on macroeconomic stability as a policy goal.

Ansprechpartner: Fabian Gaessler

Seminar  |  16.01.2019  |  12:00

Brown Bag-Seminar: Effectiveness and Efficacy of R&D Subsidies: Estimating Treatment Effects with One-sided Noncompliance

12.00 - 13.30 Uhr, Bettina Peters (ZEW)

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, Raum 313

In evaluating the effectiveness of R&D subsidies, the literature so far has completely neglected the possibility of misappropriation of public funds. This paper contributes to the literature by evaluating the causal effect of R&D subsidies on R&D expenditures when monitoring is weak and misappropriation takes place due to moral hazard behavior. Our analysis is based on Chinese firm-level data for the period 2001-2011. Misappropriation is a major concern as we calculate that 42% of grantees misused R&D subsidies, corresponding to 53% of the total amount of R&D subsidies. In a setting with one-sided noncompliance to funding contract rules, we differentiate between the intention-to-treat (ITT) effect and the complier average causal effect (CACE). The ITT shows how effective the R&D policy was in practice when misappropriation exists. The CACE, in contrast, depicts how effective the policy could have been without misappropriation and thus is a measure for the efficacy of the R&D subsidy policy. Combining entropy balancing and IV methods to estimate both ITT and CACE, the ITT results show mild partial crowding out of R&D expenditures. Most strikingly, however, the CACE turns out to be more than twice as large as the ITT and confirms additionality of R&D subsidies. Thus, misappropriation of R&D subsidies considerably undermines the efficacy of Chinese R&D programs. (joint work with Philipp Boeing)

Ansprechpartner: Fabian Gaessler