Pedro Batista

Pedro Henrique D. Batista

Doktorand und wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter

Immaterialgüter- und Wettbewerbsrecht

+49 89 24246-5406
pedro.batista(at)ip.mpg.de

Arbeitsbereiche

Patentrecht, technischer Innovationsschutz; Geographische Herkunftsangaben; Biotechnologie; Standardessentielle Patente (SEP); Genetische Ressourcen & Traditionelles Wissen; Kartellrecht und Entwicklungsländer;

Wissenschaftlicher Werdegang

Seit 2016:
Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb (München)

Seit 2013:
Doktorand an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München bei Prof. Dr. Reto M. Hilty;
Tutor für deutsches Zivilrecht an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

2013:
Editor im Rahmen des Intellectual Property and Technology Program an der York University (Toronto, Kanada)

2012-2013:
Master of Laws (LL.M.), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München;
Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb (München)

2006-2011:
Studium der Rechtswissenschaften an der Universität von São Paulo (Brasilien)

2008-2009:
Aufbaustudium in den Grundzügen des deutschen Rechts an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

Ehrungen und wissenschaftliche Preise

Finalist des Preises der besten Diplomarbeit der juristischen Fakultät von der Universität von São Paulo 2011.
Thema: Parallelimporte im brasilianischen Markenrecht.

Stipendien

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb

Deutsche Vereinigung für gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht (GRUR)

Deutscher akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD)

Mitgliedschaften

Brasilianische Rechtsanwaltskammer (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil - OAB)

Publikationen

Beiträge in Sammelwerken, Kommentierungen, Handbüchern und Lexika

La Propiedad Intelectual en Latinoamérica y su Rol en el Desarrollo Económico y Social, in: Estudos de Propriedade Intelectual em Homenagem ao Prof. Dr. Denis Borges Barbosa, IODA - Instituto Observatório do Direito Autoral, Curitiba 2021, 25 - 64 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty et al.).

  • O texto trata do estabelecimento e evolução dos direitos da propriedade in-telectual na América Latina. Perpassa os contextos nos quais esses direitos foram incorporados ao arcabouço legal doméstico. Ainda que as economias latino-americanas sejam mais ou menos frágeis do ponto de vista da pro-priedade intelectual, as conclusões apontam que há diversos desafios a se-rem enfrentados, mas que os países da região têm potencial para superá-los e avançar na proteção e na utilização dos seus ativos intelectuais.
  • This article deals with the establishment and evolution of intellectual property rights in Latin America. It goes through the contexts in which these rights have been in-corporated into the domestic legal framework. Although Latin American economies are more or less fragile from the point of view of intellectual property, the conclusions indicate that there are several challenges to be faced, but that the countries of the region have the potential to overcome them and advance in the protection and use of their intellectual assets.
  • https://codaip.gedai.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/1_Estudos-de-Propriedade-Intelectual-em-homenagem-ao-Prof_Dr_Denis-Borges-Barbosa.pdf

Section 18.5 - Antibiotics, in: Roberto Romandini, Reto M. Hilty, Annette Kur (Hg.), Study on the Legal Aspects of Supplementary Protection Certificates in the EU - Final Report, European Commission, Brussels 2018, 435 - 447 (gemeinsam mit Roberto Romandini).

    Section 18.3 - Personalised medicines and companion diagnostics, in: Roberto Romandini, Reto M. Hilty, Annette Kur (Hg.), Study on the Legal Aspects of Supplementary Protection Certificates in the EU - Final Report, European Commission, Brussels 2018, 420 - 426.

      Chapter 18 - Specific issues in health technology, in: Roberto Romandini, Reto M. Hilty, Annette Kur (Hg.), Study on the Legal Aspects of Supplementary Protection Certificates in the EU - Final Report, European Commission, Brussels 2018, 399 - 470 (gemeinsam mit Roberto Romandini et al.).

        Kapitel 1 - Grundlagen, Aufbau und Methodik, in: Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger (Hg.), Europäisches Immaterialgüterrecht - Funktionen und Perspektiven (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 26), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2018, 1 - 58 (gemeinsam mit Sophie Luise Bings et al.). DOI

          Kapitel 3.3 - Spezifische Fehlstellungen mit Bezug auf den Binnenmarkt, in: Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger (Hg.), Europäisches Immaterialgüterrecht - Funktionen und Perspektiven (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 26), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2018, 451 - 663 (gemeinsam mit Seyavash Amini et al.). DOI

            Kapitel 3.2 - Fehlstellungen mit Bezug auf Schutzdefizite und Überschutz im materiellen Recht, in: Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger (Hg.), Europäisches Immaterialgüterrecht - Funktionen und Perspektiven (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 26), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2018, 287 - 450 (gemeinsam mit Arpi Abovyan et al.). DOI

              Kapitel 3.1 - Fehlstellungen mit Bezug auf die Voraussetzungen, die Reichweite und die Begrenzungen einzelner Schutzrechte, in: Reto M. Hilty, Thomas Jaeger (Hg.), Europäisches Immaterialgüterrecht - Funktionen und Perspektiven (MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 26), Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg 2018, 146 - 286 (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty et al.). DOI

                Aufsätze

                Social, Cultural and Economic Aspects of Antimicrobial Resistance, Bulletin of the World Health Organization 98, 12 (2020), 823 - 823A (gemeinsam mit Timo Minssen et al.). DOI

                  IP-Based Incentives Against Antimicrobial Crisis: A European Perspective, IIC 50, 1 (2019), 30 - 76 (gemeinsam mit Dennis Byrski et al.). DOI

                  • The field of antimicrobials is considered to be facing a crisis. Increasing microbial resistance is creating a demand for new drugs, which however is not being matched by privately funded R&D. The reasons for this market failure are of a technical and economic nature. The present article analyzes what changes to IP- based incentives are conceivable in the European Union (EU) in order to address the antimicrobial crisis. Since the assessment of the suitability of the analyzed options depends on interdisciplinary research, this article also proposes a research agenda to be considered for the implementation of public policies in this field.

                  Champagne, Sorbets and Geographical Indications – Critical Appraisal of the CJEU Decision Champagner Sorbet (EUGH Aktenzeichen C-393/16), GRUR Int 67, 6 (2018), 550 - 555 (gemeinsam mit Luc Desaunettes).

                    A Comunicação ao Público da Obra no Direito Autoral –Novos Fundamentos Vindos de Portugal? [The Communication to the Public of Copyright Protected Works – New Foundations from Portugal?], Revista Eletrônica do IBPI - ReVeL 10 (2014), 42 - 83.

                      Gaining Consensus on Comparative Advertising in Brazil, World Trademark Review 37 (2012), 70 - 73 (gemeinsam mit João Vieira da Cunha, Fernando Eid Philipp).

                        Entscheidungsanmerkungen

                        Comment on "Huawei Technologies" (C-170/13): Standard Essential Patents and Competition Law – How Far Does the CJEU Decision Go?, Court of Justice of the European Union, 15.07.2015 - C-170/13, IIC 47, 2 (2016), 244 - 253 (gemeinsam mit Gustavo Cesar Mazutti). DOI

                        • Legal case: Court of Justice of the European Union, 2015-07-15

                        Zur Patentierung menschlicher embryonaler Stammzellen – kritische Würdigung der Entscheidung des EuGH im Fall Brüstle [Patentability of Human Embryonic Stem Cells – Critical Appraisal oft he CJEU Decision in the Brüstle Case], GRUR Int 62, 6 (2013), 514 - 524.

                          Forschungspapiere

                          Cultural Heritage and Patent Law – Alternatives for the Protection of Traditional Knowledge and Genetic Resources (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 21-24), 2021, 34 S.

                          • Among the different cultural heritage assets, genetic resources (GR) and traditional knowledge associated to them (TK) have a technical character and enjoy legal protection in the international law. Due to these characteristics, measures of patent law have been often considered for their protection. Proposals have been made for a positive protection of TK through patents, for its defensive protection to avoid third party patents related to it, as well as for the protection of GR and TK through the adoption of a disclosure requirement in patent applications that may ensure the fulfillment of access and use requirements established by international law. In view of the increasing economic relevance of GR and TK and the diverging level of protection assigned to them in different countries, this chapter offers a critical analysis of these controversial mechanisms. Through it, it aims to indicate if and to which extent cultural heritage may be effectively protected through measures related to patent law.
                          • Available at SSRN

                          Traditional Knowledge, Databases and Prior Art – Options for an Effective Defensive Use of TK Against Undue Patent Granting (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 21-23), 2021, 34 S. (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty, Suelen Carls).

                          • The defensive protection of traditional knowledge (TK) is one of the IP law mechanisms envisaged to protect cultural heritage and guarantee the rights of indigenous and local communities. Through it, information on the prior existence of this knowledge is used to prevent the fulfillment of novelty and inventive step as patentability requirements and, therefore, to avoid the patenting of TK-related inventions by third parties. The creation of TK databases that are accessible to foreign patent offices may facilitate the achievement of this goal. However, to be successful, this measure requires TK to be included in the prior art. This chapter aims to establish under which conditions TK can be considered as part of the prior art and thus be effectively used against undue patenting of inventions based on it. Through the analysis of the public accessibility of the knowledge – including in databases – and of the option of extending the prior art to TK that is not publicly accessible, potential gaps in the defensive use of TK are identified and recommendations for the improvement of its effectiveness are made.
                          • Available at SSRN

                          Covid-19 and the Role of Intellectual Property: Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 7 May 2021 (Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper, No. 21-13), 2021, 15 S. (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                          • In this Statement, the authors take a position on the waiver of intellectual property (IP) protection currently being considered by the members of the World Trade Organisation. The waiver was initiated by India and South Africa as a measure to enable rapid access to affordable medical products that are necessary to combat Covid-19. The initiative gained momentum after the US decided to support it. The authors do not consider this path to be expedient. The Statement presents factual and legal arguments why a comprehensive waiver of IP protection is unlikely to be a necessary and suitable measure towards the pursued objective. Overall, it argues that IP rights may so far have played an enabling and facilitating rather than hindering role in overcoming Covid-19. The global community might not be better off if IP rights are waived, neither during nor after the pandemic. There are more efficient and direct ways to supply developing countries with vaccines quickly – if the industrialised countries are willing to do their share.
                          • Available at SSRN

                          Stellungnahmen

                          Covid-19 and the Role of Intellectual Property - Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 7 May 2021, 2021, 11 S. (gemeinsam mit Reto M. Hilty et al.).

                          Vorträge

                          03.11.20

                          A Implementação do Art. 17 da Diretiva Europeia sobre Direitos de Autor no Mercado Único Digital na Alemanha – Visão Geral e Questões Controversas na Regulação das Plataformas Digitais
                          (The Implementation of Art. 17 DSM in Germany – Overview and Controversial Aspects of the Regulation of Digital Platforms)

                          XIV CODAIP – Online Congress on Copyright and Public Interest
                          Grupo de Estudos de Direito Auotral e Industrial (GEDAI), Federal University of Parana (UFPR)
                          Ort: Curitiba, Brasilien


                          14.02.20

                          Smart IP for Latin America: The GI Project

                          Max Planck Institute Workshop on Geographical Indications 2020, Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb
                          Ort: München


                          11.18

                          Sham Litigation y Propiedad Intelectual

                          Seminar
                          Organisation: Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, München
                          Ort: Academia de Intercambios y Estudos Judiciales (AIEJ), Argentinien


                          09.18

                          Regulatory Competition under the Nagoya Protocol

                          The Use and Circulation of Genetic Resources under Measures Implementing the Nagoya Protocol
                          Ort: Law School, London School of Economics, Großbritannien


                          08.18

                          Indicações Geográficas na Alemanha: Importância Socioeconômica, Procedimentos e Particularidades Nacionais

                          (Geographical Indications in Germany: Socioeconomic Relevance, Procedures and National Particularities), Workshop on Geographical Indications of the State of Santa Catarina
                          Ort: Corupá, Brasilien


                          05.04.16

                          Standard-Essentielle Patente und Wettbewerbsrecht

                          Gastvortrag an der juristischen Fakultät der Universität von São Paulo
                          Organisation: Prof. Dr. Juliana Krueger Pela
                          Ort: São Paulo, Brasilien


                          04.11.15

                          Sham Litigation and Copyright in the European Union

                          3rd CopyCamp 2015
                          Ort: Warschau, Polen


                          08.10.15

                          Biopiracy: New Boundaries for the Patent Law?

                          PhD Course “Law and Economics of Intellectual Property Rights” an der Philipps-Universität Marburg
                          Organisation: Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kerber
                          Ort: Marburg, Deutschland


                          04.05.13

                          Sham Litigation im Bereich Immaterialgüterrecht

                          Gastvortrag im Rahmen des Seminars „Openness“ an der KU Leuven
                          Organisation: Prof. Dr. Reto M. Hilty
                          Ort: Leuven, Belgien


                          20.10.12

                          Pay-for-Delay-Vereinbarungen im Arzneimittelmarkt

                          Gastvortrag im Rahmen des Seminars „Grenzen“ an der University of Cyprus
                          Organisation: Prof. Dr. Reto M. Hilty
                          Ort: Nikosia, Zypern

                          Lehrveranstaltungen

                          Seit 2013:
                          Tutor für deutsches Zivilrecht an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

                          2013:
                          Leitung des Seminars „New Role and Challenges of the Industrial Property Rights in the European Union – Theory and Praxis“ an der University of Georgia (Tiflis, Georgien)

                          2007-2008:
                          Tutor für römisches Recht an der juristischen Fakultät der Universität von São Paulo (Brasilien)

                          Tutor für Einführung in die Rechtswissenschaften an der juristischen Fakultät der Universität von São Paulo (Brasilien)